Using words, ideas, computer code, or any work by someone else without giving proper credit is academic dishonesty. Academic dishonesty is often referred to as plagiarism.
Another person's work can be:
- original ideas
- strategies, and
It can also relate to the 'product' of those original ideas, strategies and research. For example:
- computer programs, and
- other creative expression.
The work may consist of writing, charts, pictures, graphs, diagrams, data, websites or other communication or recording media. It may also include sentences, phrases and innovative terminology (Spratt, 1983 p.438).
Material that you may refer to in your own work can come from many different sources. Sources include published works such as:
- paintings, and
The materials from unpublished work are also sources which should be acknowledged, they include
- lecture notes
- other students' papers, or
- material from a research service.
James, et al (2002) provide some common forms of plagiarism. They include:
- Cheating in an exam either by copying from other students or using unauthorised notes or other aids.
- Submitting, as your own, an assignment that another person has completed.
- Downloading information, text, computer code, artwork, graphics or other material from the Internet and presenting it as your own without acknowledgement.
- Quoting or paraphrasing material from a source without acknowledgement.
- Preparing a correctly cited and referenced assignment from individual research and then handing part or all of that work in twice for separate subjects/marks.