Generation of protein-based tools for neuroscientific and biological research
The goal of the laboratory is to develop novel biochemical and chemical biochemical tools to study fundamental neuroscience questions. These tools can be used by biologists to understand how cellular events lead to behavioural effects in neuroscience, and detect the cellular events that occur during the performance of a behaviour. The laboratory utilises a multi-discipline approach to tackle these scientific questions and we utilise protein-engineering, physiological, optical, molecular biological, chemical and biochemical techniques to develop and assay the tools.
Image: Left - Crystal structure of LOV domain protein and Green fluorescent protein (GFP); Middle - Image of cultured neuron; Right - Images of nematode (C. elegans; top), fruit fly (D. melanogaster; middle) and a laboratory mouse (below).
Credits: Dr H. Inagaki & Dr D. Anderson, Caltech (fruit fly image); Dr P Knutsen & Dr D. Kleinfeld, UCSD (lab mouse image).
- Protein-based actuators for neuroscientific research
Starting with the works conducted within Professor Roger Tsien's laboratory at University of California, San Diego, we have made substantial improvements in existing variants of Channelrhodopsins (ChRs) and developed a novel optogenetic approach to inhibit synaptic release (InSynC). The goals of the current laboratory is to generate more useful tools for neuroscientific and biological researches. Currently we are working with new optogenetic technologies to manipulate intracellular signalling cascade and synaptic plasticity in neurons. When activated with light, we would like to be able to alter the intracellular signalling cascade or synaptic plasticity at a defined temporal window that would enable the manipulation of behaviour in model laboratory organisms. These tools would enable the investigation the neuroscientific question of 'causality' - how is the activities of an individual cell or a particular circuitry lead to the change in behaviour.
- Protein-based sensors for neuroscientific research
The work on fluorescent proteins has proved to be an essential part of biological and chemical sciences. These tools have enable us to observe intracellular activities in a dynamic manner in real-time. We are currently undertaking further work to develop fluorescent protein-based sensors that would permit the detection of cellular and synaptic activities. We are doing this by utilising and manipulating the unique properties of these interesting fluorescent proteins.
Major achievements or grants
The laboratory is currently funded by NIH BRAIN Initiative U01-NS090590 from NINDS and R21-EY027620, NHMRC (Project grant 1103034) and ARC (FF160100056).
Name: Optogenetics and Protein Engineering Laboratory
Established: October 2014, School of Medicine
Research group head:
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