Peer Assisted Study Sessions (PASS)

Essential Elements

Teaching and Learning in PASS

PASS (as it's called in Australia) was first developed by Dr Deana Martin at the University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) in 1973 under the name of Supplemental Instruction (SI). Since its inception in the 1970s, more than 1500 colleges and universities in more than 29 countries have adopted PASS/SI programs (Martin, 2008). The Australasian Centre for PASS in Australia is at the University of Wollongong, overseen by the PASS National Trainer, Sally Rogan.

There are ten essential elements that underpin all PASS Programs:

1. PASS Sessions Are Peer-Facilitate

2. The PASS Leader Serves as a Model Student

3. PASS Sessions Integrate Content and Learning Skill

4. The PASS Leader Attends the Targeted Class Lecture

5. PASS Leaders Receive Training

6. The PASS Program Is Supervise

7. Faculty Support the Program

8. PASS Offers Regularly Scheduled Session

9. Supervisors Conduct Ongoing Program Evaluation

10. PASS Targets Subjects Rather Than Student

Adapted from University of Missouri-Kansas City (2006)