Mark Hannington

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Mark Hannington

Honorary Research Professor


External (phone)

+001 613 562 5848 (fax)

Additional Information

Career Summary

Professor Mark Hannington is the Goldcorp Chair in Economic Geology at the University of Ottawa. Prior to joining the University of Ottawa in 2005, he was a senior research scientist at the Geological Survey of Canada for 15 years.

His research has combined the study of ancient ore deposits in Canada with new knowledge from active hydrothermal systems on the modern seafloor. During his career, he has made major advances both in seafloor exploration and in the understanding of the origins of Precambrian volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits. As part of this work, Mark and his students have participated on 29 international research cruises in nearly all of the world's oceans

His research on the metallogeny of active seafloor volcanic environments has included expeditions to the East Pacific Rise, the Juan de Fuca Ridge, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the Mediterranean, Iceland, New Zealand, Antarctica, and Papua New Guinea. He has also played a key role in assessing the future potential of mining of offshore mineral resources.

His comparisons between modern volcanoes and ancient volcanic environments have led to new approaches to land-based mineral exploration. This work included publication of a landmark Monograph on The Giant Kidd Creek Volcanogenic Massive Sulphide Deposit.

The results of this work are published in 103 refereed papers in more than 30 different international journals and books, with audiences in both economic geology and marine geology. He has published more than 30 authoritative reviews and edited two books. From 2001 to 2008, he was the chief editor of Economic Geology, the most influential journal in the discipline and one of the oldest scientific publications in North America, first published in 1905. Mark was only the 5th editor of the journal in 100 years and the first to be located outside the United States.

Mark has co-supervised 21 MSc and PhD students, most now in industry, government and academia. He was instrumental in establishing the first endowed chair in the Faculty of Science at the University of Ottawa, which he now holds. He is also a recipient of the Duncan Derry Medal of the Geological Association of Canada and the Silver Medal of the Society of Economic Geologists, both for significant scientific achievements at the mid-career.

Research Activity


    Chapters in Books

  • The Geochemistry of Ore Deposits, Vol. 28. Treatise on Geochemistry (ed. H.D. Holland and K.K. Turekian), Elsevier-Pergamon, Oxford, (in press).
  • Hannington, M., 2009, Modern submarine hydrothermal systems - a global perspective on distribution, size and tectonic settings, in Cousens, B.L. and Piercey, S.J., eds., Submarine Volcanism and Mineralization: Modern Through Ancient: Geological Association of Canada, Mineral Deposits Division, Short Course Volume 19, p 91-146.
  • Dubé, B., Gosselin, P., Mercier-Langevin, P., Hannington, M.D., and Galley, A., 2007, Gold-rich volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits, in Goodfellow, W.D., ed., Mineral Deposits of Canada: Geological Association of Canada, Mineral Deposits Division and Geological Survey of Canada Special Publication No. 5, ISBN-13-978-1-897095-24-9, p. 75-94.
  • Galley, A.G., Hannington, M.D., and Jonasson, I.R., 2007, Volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits, in Goodfellow, W.D., ed., Mineral Deposits of Canada: Geological Association of Canada, Mineral Deposits Division and Geological Survey of Canada Special Publication No. 5 , ISBN-13-978-1-897095-24-9, p. 141-162.
  • Mercier-Langevin, P., Dubé, B., Lafrance, B., Hannington, M., Galley, A., Moorehead, J., and Gosselin, P., 2007, Metallogeny of the Doyon-Bousquet-LaRonde mining camp. Abitibi Greenstone belt, Quebec, in Goodfellow, W.D., ed., Mineral Deposits of Canada: Geological Association of Canada, Mineral Deposits Division and Geological Survey of Canada Special Publication No. 5, ISBN-13-978-1-897095-24-9, p. 673-702.
  • Herzig, P.M., and Hannington, M.D., 2006, Chapter 13. Input from the deep: Hot vents and cold seeps, in Schulz, H.D., and Zabel, M., eds., Marine Geochemistry, 2nd Edition: Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 457-480.
  • Hannington, M.D., de Ronde, C.E.J., and Petersen, S., 2005, Modern sea-floor tectonics and submarine hydrothermal systems: 100th Anniversary Volume of Economic Geology, p. 111-142.
  • Papers in Refereed Journals

  • Monecke, T., Petersen, S., Hannington, M.D., Anzidei, M., Esposito, A., Giordano, G., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Augustin, N., Melchert, B., and Hocking, M., 2012, Eruption craters associated with shallow submarine gas venting off Panarea island, Italy: Bulletin of Volcanology (in press). *
  • Monecke, T., Petersen, S., and Hannington, M.D., 2012, Constraints on water depth of massive sulfide formation: Evidence from modern seafloor hydrothermal systems in suprasubduction settings: Special Issue of Economic Geology on the Metallogeny of Submarine Volcanic Arcs (in press). *
  • Dubé, B., Mercier-Langevin, P., Kjarsgaard, I., Hannington, M., Bécu, V., Côté, J., Moorhead., Legault, M., and Bedard, N., 2012, The Bousquet 2-Dumagami world-class Archean Au-rich volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Abitibi, Quebec: Special Issue of Economic Geology on the Metallogeny of Archean Greenstone Belts (in press).
  • Hannington, M.D., Jamieson, J., Monecke, T., Petersen, S., and Beaulieu, S., 2011, The abundance of seafloor massive sulfide deposits: Geology, v. 39, no. 12, 1155-1158.
  • Hannington, M.D., 2011, Comments on what processes at mid-ocean ridges tell us about volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits: Mineralium Deposita, DOI 10.1007/s00126-011-0329-8, 5 p.
  • Hannington, M.D., Jamieson, J., Monecke, T., and Petersen, S., 2010, Modern seafloor massive sulfides and base metal resources - Towards a global estimate of seafloor massive sulfide potential: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 15, p. 317-338.
  • Hardardóttir, V., Hannington, M., Hedenquist, J., Kjarsgaard, I., and Hoal, K., 2010, Cu-rich Scales in the Reykjanes Geothermal System, Iceland: A Quenched Seafloor Black Smoker Analog: Economic Geology, v. 105, p. 1143-1155.
  • de Ronde, C.E.J., Massoth, G.J., Butterfield, D.A., Christenson, B.W., Ishibashi, J., Ditchburn, R.G., Hannington, M.D., Braithwaite, R.L., Lupton, J.E., Dziak, R.P., Kamenetsky, V.S., Graham, I.J., and Zellmer, G.F., 2010, Submarine hydrothermal activity and gold-rich mineralization at Brothers volcano, Kermadec arc, New Zealand: Mineralium Deposita. DOI 10.1007/s00126-011-0345-8, 44 p.
  • Mineralium Deposita , v. 45, published on line July 15, 31 p.
  • Hocking, M.W., Hannington, M.D., Percival, J.B., Stoffers, P., Schwarz-Schampera, U., and de Ronde, C.E.J., 2010, Clay Alteration of Volcaniclastic Material in a Submarine Geothermal System, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 191, no. 3-4, p. 180-192.
  • Giorgetti, G., Monecke, T., Kleeberg, R., and Hannington, M.D., 2009, Low-temperature hydrothermal alteration of trachybasalt at Conical Seamount, Papua New Guinea: Formation of smectite and metastable precursor phases: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 57, no. 6, p. 725-741.
  • Hardardóttir, V., Brown, K., Fridriksson, Th., Hedenquist, J., Hannington, M., and Thorhallsson, S., 2009, Metal concentrations in deep liquid of the Reykjanes geothermal system, southwest Iceland: Implications for the composition of seafloor black smoker fluids: Geology, v. 37, no. 12, p. 1103-1106.
  • Glasby, G. P., K. Iizasa, Hannington, M., Kubota, H., and Notsu, K., 2008, Mineralogy and composition of Kuroko deposits from northeastern Honshu and their possible modern analogues from the Izu-Ogasawara (Bonin) Arc south of Japan: Implications for mode of formation: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 34, p. 547-560.
  • Langley, S., Igric, P., Takahashi, Y., Sakai, Y., Fortin, D., Hannington, M., and Schwarz-Schampera, U., 2008, Preliminary characterization and biological reduction of putative biogenic iron oxides (BIOS) from the Tonga-Kermadec Arc, southwest Pacific Ocean: Geobiology, v. 7, no. 1, p. 35-49.
  • Hannington, M., and Monecke, T., 2009, Global exploration models for polymetallic sulphides in the Area: An assessment of lease block selection under the Draft Regulations on Prospecting and Exploration for Polymetallic Sulphides: Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, v. 27, no. 2, p. 132-159.
  • Monecke, T., Petersen. S., Lackschewitz, K., Hügler, M., Hannington, M., and Gemmell, J.B., 2009, Shallow submarine hydrothermal systems in the Aeolian volcanic arc, Italy: EOS Article, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 90, no. 13, p. 110-111.
  • Mercier-Langevin, P., Dube, B., Hannington, M., Davis, D., Lafrance, B., and Gosselin, G., 2007, Geology and geochronology of the LaRonde-Penna giant gold-rich volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Abitibi greenstone belt, Quebec: Economic Geology, v. 102, no. 4, p. 585-610.
  • Mercier-Langevin, P., Dube, B., Hannington, M. Richer-Laflèche, and Gosselin, G., 2007, Lithogeochemistry and paleotectonic setting of the LaRonde Penna giant gold-rich volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Abitibi greenstone belt, Quebec: Economic Geology, v. 102, no. 4, p. 611-632.
  • Mercier-Langevin, P., Dubé, B., Lafrance, B., Hannington, M., Galley, A., Marquis, R., and Davis, W.D., 2007, Preface: A group of papers devoted to the LaRonde Penna Au-rich volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, eastern Blake River Group, Abitibi greenstone belt, Quebec: Economic Geology, v. 102, no. 4, p. 577-584.
  • Hein, J.R., Zierenberg, Z.A., Maynard, J.B., and Hannington, M.D., 2007, Barite-forming environments along a rifted continental margin, Southern California Borderland: Deep Sea Research II, v. 54, p. 1327-1349.
  • Dubé, B., Mercier-Langevin, P., Hannington, M., Lafrance, B., Gosselin, P., and Gosselin, G., 2007, The LaRonde giant Au-rich volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Abitibi Quebec: mineralization, alteration footprint, genesis and implications for exploration: Economic Geology, v. 102, no. 4, p. 633-666.
  • Jamieson, J.W., Wing, B.A., Hannington, M.D., and Farquhar, J., 2006, Isotopic disequilibrium in sulfide mineral pairs from sulfur multiple isotopes - Implications for ore genesis at the Kidd Creek VMS deposit, Ontario, Canada: Economic Geology, v. 101, no. 5, p. 1055-1062.
  • Monecke, T., Giorgetti, G., Scholtysek, O., Kleeburg, R., Goetze, J., Hannington, M., Petersen, S., and Herzig, P., 2006, Textural and mineralogical changes associated with the incipient hydrothermal alteration of glassy dacite at the submarine Pacmanus hydrothermal system, Eastern Manus Basin: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , v. 160, p. 23-41.
  • Giorgetti, G., Monecke, T., Kleeburg, R., and Hannington, M., 2006, Low-temperature hydrothermal alteration of silicic glass at the Pacmanus hydrothermal vent field, Manus Basin: An XRD, SEM, and EAM-TEM study: Clays and Clay Minerals, v54 No. 2, p. 242-253.
  • Kristall, B., Kelley, D.S., Hannington, M.D., and Delaney, J.R., 2006, The growth history of an intermediate temperature, diffusely venting sulfide structure from the Juan de Fuca Ridge: A petrological and geochemical study: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 7, no. 7, Q07001, DOI:10.1029/2005GC001166, 30 p.
  • Stoffers, P., Worthington, T., Schwarz, U., Hannington, M., Massoth, G., and Shipboard Scientific Party, 2006, Submarine volcanoes and high-temperature hydrothermal venting on the Tonga Island arc, S.W. Pacific: Geology, v. 34, no. 6, p. 453-456.
  • Peterson,S., Herzig, P.M., Kuhn, T., Franz, L., Hannington, M., Monecke, T. and Gemmell, J.B., 2005, Shallow drilling of seafloor hydrothermal systems using the BGS Rockdrill: Conical Seamount (New Ireland Fore-Arc) and Pacmanus (Eastern Manus Basin), Papua New Guinea: Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, 23, no. 3, p. 175-193.
  • de Ronde, C.E.J., Hannington, M.D., Stoffers, P., Wright, I.C., Ditchburn, R.G., Reyes, A.G., Baker, E.T., Massoth, G.J., Lupton, J.L., Walker, S.L., Greene, R.R., Soong, C.W.R., Ishibashi, J., Lebon, G.T., and Bray, C.J., 2005, Evolution of a submarine magmatic-hydrothermal system: Brothers Volcano, Southern Kermadec Arc, New Zealand: Economic Geology, v. 100, no. 6, p. 1097-1134.