Profiles

Helen Phillips

UTAS Home Dr Helen Phillips

Helen Phillips

Senior Research Fellow

Room 213.10, IMAS Hobart Waterfront Building, Hobart CBD Campuses

+61 3 6226 2994 (phone)

+61 3 6226 2973 (fax)

h.e.phillips@utas.edu.au

Dr Helen Phillips is a Senior Research Fellow in Physical Oceanography at the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania. She is interested in how the small-scale features in the ocean, such as waves and eddies, affect the large currents that are critical pathways for heat and other properties to be spread through the ocean. She is an observational oceanographer, spending time on research vessels to collect observations in the Indian and Southern Oceans, but also using robotic instruments to collect data remotely and send it home over the mobile phone network.

Career summary

Qualifications

DegreeThesis TitleUniversityCountryDate of Award
PhDMean flow, eddy variability and energetics in the Subantarctic Front south of AustraliaUniversity of TasmaniaAustralia2000
BSc (1st Class Hons) The Flinders University of South AustraliaAustralia1990
Grad. Dip. Comp. Sci. University of TasmaniaAustralia1988
BSc The Flinders University of South AustraliaAustralia1985

Languages (other than English)

French (basic)

Biography

After completing her PhD at UTAS in 2000, Helen moved to the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA to work on observations and modelling of the North Atlantic Ocean. Two years later she moved to a position at CSIRO to study the changing patterns of salinity in the Indian Ocean that were newly revealed by the Argo array. In 2005, she accepted a Research Fellowship in Physical Oceanography at UTAS. Since then, Helen has played a pivotal role in building Physical Oceanography research at IMAS, as well as contributing to postgraduate student supervision and to the teaching program.

Research Themes

Helen's research contributes to the University's research theme of Marine, Antarctic and Maritime. She has two main interests: currents in the Indian and Southern Oceans, and the role of eddies in influencing the large-scale currents.

Helen has contributed to characterising the eastward currents that travel all the way across the Indian Ocean to feed into the Leeuwin Current flowing southward along the West Australian coastline. The Indian Ocean has a strong influence on Australian climate, yet we still have only a basic understanding of the Indian Ocean currents and their sensitivity to global warming.In the Southern Ocean, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) flows around Antarctic connecting the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Strong winds drive the ACC eastward. These winds have become stronger in recent decades, while the strength of the ACC remains unchanged. Helen's team is leading international efforts to make measurements of the ocean processes that slow down the ACC, which will allow us to test competing theories and will lead to improvements in climate models and better guidance for decision makers.

Memberships

Professional practice

  • 2015 – present: American Meteorological Society
  • 1995 – present: American Geophysical Union
  • 1988 – present: Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society

Committee associations

  • 2015 - present: Australian National Steering Committee, International Indian Ocean Expedition 2
  • 2014 - present: International CLIVAR/IOC-GOOS Indian Ocean Panel
  • 2013 - present: Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, Tasmanian Branch
  • 2014: Scientific Steering Committee, 2nd International Ocean Research Conference, Barcelona, Spain, 17-21/11/2014
  • 2013-2014: Organising committee, Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society National Conference, Hobart, 11-15/2/2014.

Administrative expertise

Helen has expertise in managing large field programs with international collaborations, and research projects with financial and milestone reporting.

Teaching

Teaching expertise

Helen has contributed to teaching at UTAS since 2006, covering topics in Physical Oceanography, Data Analysis and Matlab. She lectures into undergraduate courses:

and postgraduate courses

Helen designed a one week intensive post-graduate course Introduction to Physical Oceanography that she delivered to students at Shanghai Ocean University. Helen was part of the team that developed the IMAS MOOC: Marine and Antarctic Science, developing Module 2 (The Ocean System), Topic 7 – Eddies, Waves and Mixing, and contributing to other topics in  Module 2.

Research Appointments

  • 2015-present: Senior Research Fellow, IMAS, University of Tasmania
  • 2012-present: Associate Investigator, ARC Centre of Excellence in Climate Systems Science
  • 2010-2014: Research Fellow, IMAS, University of Tasmania
  • 2005-2009: Research Fellow, Centre for Marine Science, University of Tasmania
  • 2002-2005: Postdoctoral Fellow, CSIRO Marine Research
  • 2000-2002: Postdoctoral Scholar, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA.
  • 2000: Research Assistant, Antarctic Cooperative Research Centre,
  • 1995-2000: PhD Candidate
  • 1987-1995: Experimental Scientist, CSIRO Division of Oceanography
  • 1986-1987: Technical Assistant, CSIRO Division of Oceanography

Research Invitations

  • 2014: 2nd International Ocean Research Conference, Barcelona, Spain
  • 2014: International Pacific Research Centre, University of Hawai'i, USA
  • 2012: International Pacific Research Centre, University of Hawai'i, USA
  • 2011: National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • 2010: UK-Australia Frontiers of Science, Marine Meeting
  • 2005: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

View more on Dr Helen Phillips in WARP

Expertise

  • currents in the Indian and Southern Ocean
  • in situ observations in the ocean – vessel-based, moorings and profiling floats
  • analysis of observations including mathematical and statistical methods
  • integration of observations and other evidence (models, satellite data, etc.) to diagnose physical processes causing observed change in the ocean
  • research voyage management

Helen is an expert reviewer for the following research agencies and journals:

  • National Science Foundation (USA), National Environment Research Council (UK)
  • Nature Geoscience, Journal of Physical Oceanography, Journal of Geophysical Research, Deep-Sea Research, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, Journal of Marine Research, Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, International Journal of Remote Sensing, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Awards

  • 2011: Shortlisted for the Dorothy Hill Award of the Australian Academy of Science
  • 2007: Ian Potter Foundation Travel Award
  • 2000: Young Scientist Award - Jointly awarded by the Australian Marine Sciences Association Tasmanian Branch, CSIRO Marine Research and the Australian Antarctic Division for the paper 'Eddy variability and energetics from direct current measurements in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Australia

Collaboration

Helen has strong research connections across Australia and with researchers in the UK, USA and New Zealand. Her Indian Ocean work is in partnership with oceanographers at CSIRO, the Australian Insititute of Marine Science, the International Pacific Research Centre, University of Hawai'i, and the Pacific Marine and Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, USA. Her Southern Ocean work involves collaborations with oceanographers at CSIRO, the New Zealand National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA),  the UK National Oceanography Centre, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and the University of Rhode Island.

Current projects

  • characterising the physical and biogeochemical structure of eastward flows and eddies in the southeast Indian Ocean
  • the dynamics of the Leeuwin Current system and its interaction with the Indian and Southern Oceans
  • decadal variability in watermass properties and circulation in the Indian Ocean
  • the role of oceanic eddies in the momentum and heat balance of the Southern Ocean
  • the insensitivity of Antarctic Circumpolar Current transport to increasing Southern Ocean winds
  • measuring finescale variability in ocean currents with EM-APEX profiling floats

Fields of Research

  • Physical Oceanography (040503)
  • Glaciology (040602)

Research Objectives

  • Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts) (960304)
  • Marine Oceanic Processes (excl. climate related) (969902)
  • Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability (960311)

Publications

Helen's early papers examine the role of eddies in the momentum balance of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, interannual variability in the subtropical North Atlantic circulation and water masses, and the variability in ocean salinity west of Australia due to the El Nino-Southern Oscillation phenomenon. A highlight from her early career was Phillips, H. and S. Rintoul, 2000: 'Eddy variability and energetics from direct current measurements in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Australia' J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30, 3050-3076. This work provided direct observations of eddy processes that are central to the Meridional Overturning Circulation, an area of research that is now receiving intense interest.

More recently, Helen has returned to Southern Ocean research and has published results from a novel field program near the Kerguelen Plateau with students and Australian and international colleagues. This Kerguelen experiment was the first time the novel EM-APEX profiling float had been used to study small-scale features in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current.

Her expanded interest in Indian Ocean research now involves theoretical and observational studies of the physical and biogeochemical structure of Indian Ocean currents and eddies, the structure and variability of the Leeuwin Current system, and the impact of temperature and salinity variability on Indian Ocean currents.

Total publications

50

Highlighted publications

(5 outputs)
YearTypeCitationAltmetrics
2014Journal ArticlePhillips HE, Bindoff NL, 'On the non-equivalent barotropic structure of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current: an observational perspective', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119, (8) pp. 5221-5243. ISSN 2169-9275 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009516 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 12Web of Science - 11

Co-authors: Bindoff NL

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2007Journal ArticlePhillips HE, Joyce T, 'Bermuda's tale of two time series: Hydrostation S and BATS', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, (3) pp. 554-571. ISSN 0022-3670 (2007) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/JPO2997.1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 14Web of Science - 10

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2005Journal ArticlePhillips HE, Wijffels SE, Feng MK, 'Interannual variability in upper ocean salt content in the southeast Indian Ocean', Geophysical Research Letters, 32, (3) pp. L03603. ISSN 0094-8276 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021755 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 19Web of Science - 18

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2002Journal ArticlePhillips HE, Rintoul SR, 'A Mean Synoptic View of the Subantarctic Front south of Australia', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32, (5) pp. 1536-1553. ISSN 0022-3670 (2002) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<1536:AMSVOT>2.0.CO;2 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 23Web of Science - 20

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2000Journal ArticlePhillips HE, Rintoul SR, 'Eddy Variability and Energetics from Direct Current Measurements in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current South of Australia', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, (12) pp. 3050-3076. ISSN 0022-3670 (2000) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/1520-0485(2000)030<3050:EVAEFD>2.0.CO;2 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 114

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Journal Article

(23 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2017Furue R, Guerreiro K, Phillips HE, McCreary Jr JP, Bindoff NL, 'On the Leeuwin Current System and its linkage to zonal flows in the South Indian Ocean as inferred from a gridded hydrography', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 47 pp. 583-602. ISSN 0022-3670 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/JPO-D-16-0170.1 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Bindoff NL

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2017Inoue M, Curran MAJ, Moy AD, van Ommen T, Fraser AD, et al., 'A glaciochemical study of 120 m ice core from Mill Island, East Antarctica', Climate of the Past, 13 pp. 437-453. ISSN 1814-9324 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.5194/cp-2016-72 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Inoue M; Curran MAJ; Moy AD; van Ommen T; Fraser AD

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2016Menezes VV, Phillips HE, Vianna ML, Bindoff NL, 'Interannual variability of the South Indian Countercurrent', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, (5) pp. 3465-3487. ISSN 2169-9275 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1002/2015JC011417 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Menezes VV; Bindoff NL

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2015Inoue M, Fraser AD, Adams N, Carpentier S, Phillips HE, 'An assessment of numerical weather prediction-derived low-cloud-base height forecasts', Weather and Forecasting, 30, (2) pp. 486-497. ISSN 0882-8156 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/WAF-D-14-00052.1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Inoue M; Fraser AD

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2015Meyer A, Polzin KL, Sloyan BM, Phillips HE, 'Internal waves and mixing near the Kerguelen Plateau', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, (2) pp. 417-437. ISSN 0022-3670 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0055.1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: Meyer A

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2015Meyer A, Sloyan BM, Polzin KL, Phillips H, Bindoff NL, 'Mixing variability in the Southern Ocean', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, (4) pp. 966-987. ISSN 0022-3670 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/JPO-D-14-0110.1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 6Web of Science - 7

Co-authors: Meyer A; Bindoff NL

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2015Phillips HE, Menezes V, Bindoff NL, 'Refining our understanding of surface currents in the southeast Indian Ocean', CLIVAR Exchanges, 19, (3) pp. 7-9. ISSN 1026-0471 (2015) [Non Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Menezes V; Bindoff NL

2015Roach CJ, Phillips HE, Bindoff NL, Rintoul SR, 'Detecting and characterizing Ekman currents in the Southern Ocean', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, (5) pp. 1205-1223. ISSN 0022-3670 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/JPO-D-14-0115.1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Bindoff NL; Rintoul SR

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2015Strutton PG, Coles VJ, Hood RR, Matear RJ, McPhaden MJ, et al., 'Biogeochemical variability in the central equatorial Indian Ocean during the monsoon transition', Biogeosciences, 12, (8) pp. 2367-2382. ISSN 1726-4170 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.5194/bg-12-2367-2015 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4

Co-authors: Strutton PG

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2014Benthuysen J, Furue R, McCreary JP, Bindoff NL, Phillips HE, 'Dynamics of the Leeuwin Current: Part 2. Impacts of mixing, friction, and advection on a buoyancy-driven eastern boundary current over a shelf', Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 65 pp. 39-63. ISSN 0377-0265 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2013.10.004 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 6

Co-authors: Benthuysen J; Bindoff NL

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2014Menezes V, Phillips HE, Schiller A, Bindoff NL, Domingues CM, et al., 'South Indian countercurrent and associated fronts', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119, (10) pp. 6763-6791. ISSN 2169-9275 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010076 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 8Web of Science - 8

Co-authors: Menezes V; Schiller A; Bindoff NL; Domingues CM

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2014Menezes VV, Vianna ML, Phillips HE, 'Aquarius sea surface salinity in the South Indian Ocean: revealing annual-period planetary waves', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119, (6) pp. 3883-3908. ISSN 2169-9275 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1002/2014JC009935 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 11Web of Science - 11

Co-authors: Menezes VV

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2014Phillips H, Klekociuk A, Marshall A, Reid P, 'AMOS national conference 2014: southern investigations', Bulletin of the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, 27 pp. 45-46. ISSN 1035-6576 (2014) [Non Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

2014Phillips HE, Bindoff NL, 'On the non-equivalent barotropic structure of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current: an observational perspective', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119, (8) pp. 5221-5243. ISSN 2169-9275 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009516 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 12Web of Science - 11

Co-authors: Bindoff NL

Tweet

2013Furue R, McCreary JP, Benthuysen J, Phillips HE, Bindoff NL, 'Dynamics of the Leeuwin Current: Part 1. Coastal flows in an inviscid, variable-density, layer model', Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans: Planetary Fluids, Climatic and Biogeochemical Systems, 63 pp. 24-59. ISSN 0377-0265 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2013.03.003 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 10Web of Science - 10

Co-authors: Benthuysen J; Bindoff NL

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2013Menezes VV, Phillips HE, Schiller A, Domingues CM, Bindoff NL, 'Salinity dominance on the Indian Ocean Eastern Gyral current', Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (21) pp. 5716-5721. ISSN 0094-8276 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1002/2013GL057887 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 9Web of Science - 9

Co-authors: Menezes VV; Domingues CM; Bindoff NL

Tweet

2007Phillips HE, Joyce T, 'Bermuda's tale of two time series: Hydrostation S and BATS', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, (3) pp. 554-571. ISSN 0022-3670 (2007) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/JPO2997.1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 14Web of Science - 10

Tweet

2005Phillips HE, Wijffels SE, Feng MK, 'Interannual variability in upper ocean salt content in the southeast Indian Ocean', Geophysical Research Letters, 32, (3) pp. L03603. ISSN 0094-8276 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021755 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 19Web of Science - 18

Tweet

2004Joyce TM, Frankignoul C, Yang J, Phillips HE, 'Ocean response and feedback to the SST dipole in the Tropical Atlantic', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 34, (11) pp. 2525-2540. ISSN 0022-3670 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/JPO2640.1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 21Web of Science - 20

Tweet

2002Phillips HE, Rintoul SR, 'A Mean Synoptic View of the Subantarctic Front south of Australia', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32, (5) pp. 1536-1553. ISSN 0022-3670 (2002) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<1536:AMSVOT>2.0.CO;2 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 23Web of Science - 20

Tweet

2000Phillips HE, Rintoul SR, 'Eddy Variability and Energetics from Direct Current Measurements in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current South of Australia', Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, (12) pp. 3050-3076. ISSN 0022-3670 (2000) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1175/1520-0485(2000)030<3050:EVAEFD>2.0.CO;2 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 114

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1993Hunter JR, Craig PD, Phillips HE, 'On the use of random walk models with spatially variable diffusivity ', Journal of Computational Physics, 106, (2) pp. 366-376. ISSN 0021-9991 (1993) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9991(83)71114-9 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 135Web of Science - 134

Co-authors: Hunter JR

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1991Meyers G, Phillips HE, Smith N, Sprintall J, 'Space and time scales for optimal interpolation of temperature - Tropical Pacific Ocean', Progress in Oceanography, 28, (3) pp. 189-218. ISSN 0079-6611 (1991) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/0079-6611(91)90008-A [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 55Web of Science - 57

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Conference Publication

(18 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2012Roach CJ, Phillips HE, Bindoff NL, Rintoul SR, 'Anomalous Ekman Transport Near Kerguelen Island', Eighteenth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, 3-7 December 2012, Australian Maritime College, UTAS, Launceston, pp. 1-4. ISBN 978-0-646-58373-0 (2012) [Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Bindoff NL; Rintoul SR

2010Meyer Amelie, Phillips HE, Sloyan B, Bindoff NL, 'High Resolution Current Velocity Profiling Floats Preliminary Results from Subantarctic Waters', Proceedings of the 'OceansObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society' Conference (Vol. 1), 21-25 September 2009, Venice, Italy EJ (2010) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Meyer Amelie; Bindoff NL

2010MacKinnon JA, Alford M, Bouruet-Aubertot P, Bindoff NL, Elipot S, et al., 'Using global arrays to investigate internal-waves and mixing', Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society , 21-25 September 2009, Venice, Italy EJ (2010) [Refereed Conference Paper]

DOI: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.58 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Bindoff NL

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2007Phillips HE, Wijffels S, 'The seasonal cycle of Salinity in the Indian Ocean from Argo and Hydrobase', International Association of Geodesy Proceedings, 2-13 July 2007, Peruggia, Italy, pp. p. 98. (2007) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Oke P, Phillips HE, Wijffels S, 'Application of a model-based mapping tool for Argo observations', Second Argo Science Workshop Program and Abstracts, 13-18 March 2006, Venice, Italy, pp. p. 12. (2006) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2005Phillips HE, Wijffels SE, 'Interannual variability in the upper ocean freshwater content of the southeast Indian Ocean and its relationship with ENSO', Dynamic Planet Program and Abstracts, 22-26 August 2005, Cairns, Australia, pp. 81. (2005) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2004Phillips HE, Wijffels SE, 'Upper thermocline salinity anomalies in the Indian Ocean', Eso. Trans. AGU, Fall Meeting. Suppl., 13-17 December 2004, San Francisco, USA, pp. Abstract 0S43C-08. (2004) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2004Phillips HE, Wijffels SE, Feng M, 'Interannual variability in freshwater content northwest of Australia from Argo', AMSA 2004 Program and Abstracts, 6-9 July 2004, Hobart, Australia, pp. 100. (2004) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2004Phillips HE, Wijffels SE, Feng M, 'A fresh event in the southeast Indian Ocean observed by Argo floats', EGU 1st General Assembly Scientific Program, 20-30 April 2004, Nice, France, pp. 116. (2004) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2003Phillips HE, Wijffels SE, Feng M, 'Salinity Change in the southeast Indian Ocean', Http://sio-argo.ucsd.edu/gould/Oral_abstracts.html, November 2003, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 1. (2003) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2002Phillips HE, Joyce TM, 'Interannual to decadal variability in the ocean near Bermuda from observations and a global ocean model', Eos Trans. AGU 83(4), Ocean Sciences Meet. Suppl., 2002, 11-15 February 2002, Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. Abstract OS22Q-11. (2002) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2001Phillips HE, Joyce TM, 'Evaluation of NCAR Climate Ocean Model hindcasts for the North Atlantic Ocean', CLIVAR Proceedings, June 2001, Boulder, CO, USA, pp. 63. (2001) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2001Phillips HE, Rintoul SR, 'A mean synoptic view of the Subantarctic Front south of Australia', EGS Proceedings, March 2001, Nice, France, pp. 2. (2001) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

1998Phillips HE, Meyers G, Sprintall J, 'XBT network design for the equatorial Pacific Ocean', Australian Physical Oceanography Conference Proceedings, December 1988, Sydney, Australia, pp. Abstracts. (1998) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

1997Phillips HE, Rintoul SR, 'Mean flow and eddy variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Australia', IAMAS/IAPSO Proceedings, July 1997, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 2. (1997) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

1996Phillips HE, Rintoul SR, 'Mean flow and eddy variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Australia', Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting Proceedings, July 1996, Brisbane, Australia, pp. Abstracts. (1996) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

1993Phillips HE, Bye JAT, 'Estimates of interfacial stress from station data and simulated velocities in the southern Atlantic ocean', 4th International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography Proceedings, March-April 1993, Hobart, Australia, pp. Abstracts. (1993) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

1993Phillips HE, Craig PD, 'Comparison of constant vertical eddy viscosity with the Mellor and Yamada level 2 _ turbulence closure scheme in a 1-D circulation model', Australian Physical Oceanography Conference Proceedings, February 1993, Sydney, Australia, pp. Abstracts. (1993) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

Contract Report, Consultant's Report

(2 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2014Meyer A, Phillips HE, Sloyan BM, Polzin KL, 'Mixing (MX) Oceanographic Toolbox for EM-APEX float data applying shear-strain finescale parameterization', Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, 2014/01 (2014) [Contract Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Meyer A

1992Craig PD, Phillips HE, Andrewartha JR, 'Wanaea current modelling - The influence of stratification, CSIRO Division of Oceanography Report', Steedman Science and Engineering, OMR 47/61 (1992) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Thesis

(1 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2000Phillips HE, 'Mean flow, eddy variability and energetics of the Subantarctic Front south of Australia' (2000) [PhD]

[eCite] [Details]

Other Public Output

(6 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2015Meyer A, Phillips HE, Sloyan BM, Polzin KL, 'Mixing (MX) Oceanographic Toolbox for EM-APEX* float data applying shear-strain finescale parameterization', Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, UTAS, Hobart, Tasmania, 2014/01 (2015) [Report Other]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Meyer A

1999Phillips HE, 'U.S.--Australia: Cooperation in the Southern Ocean', Bulletin of the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, Australia, 8, 4 (1999) [Magazine Article]

[eCite] [Details]

1994Bailey R, Gronell A, Phillips HE, Tanner E, Meyers G, 'Quality control cookbook for XBT data', CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report, CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Hobart, Tasmania, 221, 1994 (1994) [Report of Restricted Access]

[eCite] [Details]

1992Meyers G, Phillips HE, 'TOGA XBT sampling strategy', TOGA Notes, TOGA, Hobart, Tasmania, 7, April 1992 (1992) [Magazine Article]

[eCite] [Details]

1990Phillips HE, Bailey RJ, Meyers G, 'Design of an ocean temperature observing network in the seas north of Australia. Part II - Tropical Indian Ocean: Statistics', CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report, CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Hobart, Tasmania, 211, 1990 (1990) [Report of Restricted Access]

[eCite] [Details]

1989Meyers G, Sprintall J, Phillips HE, Peterson J, Fonseca T, 'Design of an ocean temperature observing network in the seas north of Australia. Part I - Tropical Pacific Ocean: Statistics', CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report, CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Hobart, Tasmania, 204, 1989 (1989) [Report of Restricted Access]

[eCite] [Details]

Grants & Funding

Helen has been very successful in winning competitive funds, fully supporting her own salary 2012-15 and project costs, being awarded $1.5 million since 2007 from the Australian Research Council, US National Science Foundation, and other agencies. Some of these grants are listed below. She has also led and contributed to proposals to the Australian Marine National Facility for ship time to conduct our research (142 days of ship time, 2012-15, $10.4 million in-kind contribution to IMAS research).

Funding Summary

Number of grants

16

Total funding

$1,684,990

Projects

How does a standing meander southeast of Tasmania brake the Antarctic Circumpolar Current? (2018)$0
Description
Request for 32 days at sea on the Marine National Facility RV Investigator to conduct physical oceanography observations to investigate why the Antarctic Circumpolar Current transport has not increased despite a 20-year trend of increasing westerly winds over the Southern ocean. This voyage is to support the pending ARC Discovery Project DP170102162 submitted by Bindoff and colleagues.
Funding
CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation ($0)
Scheme
Grant-Marine National Facility
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Phillips HE; Bindoff NL; Nikurashin M
Year
2018
How does topography brake the Antarctic Circumpolar Current? (2017 - 2020)$783,000
Description
The aim of this project is to observe and simulate the mechanisms that put the brakes on the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. The Southern Ocean winds have increased over the last two decades while the transport of the worlds largest current remains steady or slightly decreasing. This is a perplexing observation. New negative feedback mechanisms between the winds and transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current have been advanced. This proposal addresses this critical issue in the momentum and energy balance of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current by directly observing how the eddies carry momentum from the wind down to the sea floor and accelerate the deep currents that drag against the rough bottom to put the brakes on this current.
Funding
Australian Research Council ($783,000)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Bindoff NL; Phillips HE; Nikurashin M; Rintoul SR; Donohue K; Watts D; Polzin K
Period
2017 - 2020
Grant Reference
DP170102162
Eddies: The key to understanding Southern Ocean carbon cycling (2016 - 2018)$269,900
Description
Ocean eddies are like small high and low pressure weather systems that spin either clockwise or anticlockwise,are about 100-200 km across and several hundred meters deep. Eddies are important because they generatevertical currents that move nutrients and carbon dioxide up and down. This work will observe an eddy in theSouthern Ocean for three weeks, to understand how its circulation impacts ocean productivity and the exchangeof carbon dioxide between the ocean and atmosphere. Outcomes will include a better understanding of carboncycling in an ocean region that is central to the climate of Australia and the rest of the planet.
Funding
Australian Research Council ($269,900)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Strutton PG; Phillips HE
Period
2016 - 2018
Grant Reference
DP160102870
Linking eddy physics and biogeochemistry in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Tasmania (2016)$0
Description
A new understanding of the importance of eddies in the Southern Ocean.
Funding
CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation ($0)
Scheme
Grant-Marine National Facility
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Strutton PG; Phillips HE; Boyd PW
Year
2016
Submarine volcanism and hydrothermalism around Heard and McDonald Islands (2015 - 2016)$65,600
Description
The scarcity of iron limits biological productivity and carbon uptake in the nutrient rich waters of the Southern Ocean. This project will explore for the first time the role of undersea "hotspot" volcanoes in supplying iron to surface waters, thus linking the solid earth and the biosphere. Existing data indicate that fields of submarine volcanoes extend for several hundred kilometres from Heard and McDonald islands, among the world's most active hotspot volcanoes. We will produce a three dimensional, high-resolution bathymetric and backscatter map of the seafloor surrounding the islands. We will map the water column for chemical signatures of hydrothermal activity. From this mapping we will identify and sample candidate active submarine volcanoes, a first for this region. We will measure iron abundance, and reactivity in buoyant plumes over and downstream of these volcanoes, and evaluate physical mixing processes that might deliver this iron to surface waters.
Funding
Department of Environment and Energy (Cwth) ($65,600)
Scheme
Grant-Australian Antarctic Science
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Coffin MF; Chase Z; Bowie AR; Whittaker J; Phillips HE; Noble T; Arculus R; Trull T
Period
2015 - 2016
Assessment of habitats, productivity and food webs on the Kerguelen Axis in the Indian Sector of the Southern Ocean (2015)$0
Description
The Southern Ocean is one of the most rapidly changing environments on earth. Australia seeks to sustain marine resources of high fisheries and conservation value that are dependent on the productive ecosystems of the Kerguelen Axis (including Australias Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands south to the Antarctic continent). The Kerguelen Axis has never been surveyed as a single region to determine the critical relationships between environmental and biogeochemical drivers responsible for the transition between the northern copepod-fish dominated foodweb to the southern krill-based foodweb. This knowledge is essential for ecosystem-based management of fisheries, as well as conservation of whale populations and marine biodiversity. The results will be important for assessing likely responses to change in the ecosystem (from climate or fisheries) as well as change in the global oceans and carbon cycle, which are fundamental to the Earths response to climate change
Funding
Department of Environment and Energy (Cwth) ($0)
Scheme
Grant-Australian Antarctic Science
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Constable A; Andrews-Goff V; Bell E; Bestley S; Bowie AR; Boyd PW; Corney SP; Cox MJ; Davidson AT; Deagle BE; Double MC; Emmerson L; Harcourt R; Hindell MA; Kawaguchi S; Koubbi P; Lea MA; McMahon CR; McMinn A; Melbourne-Thomas J; Moteki M; Odate T; Rintoul SR; Southwell C; Sumner MD; Swadling KM; Takahashi K; Tilbrook B; Trull T; Westwood KJ; Ziegler PE; Causse R; Phillips HE; Pruvost P; Kokubun N
Year
2015
Turbulent mixing processes in the southern Ocean from observations and models (2013)$20,000
Funding
University of Tasmania ($20,000)
Scheme
Grant-Research Enhancement (REGS)
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Nikurashin M; Phillips HE
Year
2013
Dynamics of Near-surface Eastward Flows in the South Indian Ocean (2012)$110,343
Funding
National Science Foundation ($110,343)
Scheme
Grant
Administered By
University of Hawaii
Research Team
McCreary J; Phillips HE
Year
2012
Southern Ocean Mixing: Unique Observations of Eddy Exchange across the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (2010)$27,016
Funding
Department of Environment and Energy (Cwth) ($27,016)
Scheme
Grant-Australian Antarctic Science
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Bindoff NL; Phillips HE
Year
2010
Ocean-atmosphere Interaction in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (2010 - 2012)$46,629
Funding
CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation ($46,629)
Scheme
Grant-Flagship Cluster
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Phillips HE; Bindoff NL
Period
2010 - 2012
Antarctic Circumpolar Current and Consequences for the Meridional Overturning Circulation (2009 - 2012)$30,250
Funding
CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation ($30,250)
Scheme
Scholarship-Flagship Cluster-Wealth from Oceans
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Phillips HE; Bindoff NL
Period
2009 - 2012
2009 R1 - MOCA-09 Our Warming Planet (2009)$3,325
Funding
University of Tasmania ($3,325)
Scheme
Grant-Conference Support Scheme
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Phillips HE
Year
2009
The Southern Ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation: New Observations of Vertical Mixing (2008 - 2010)$318,000
Funding
Australian Research Council ($318,000)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Bindoff NL; Phillips HE; Rintoul SR
Period
2008 - 2010
Grant Reference
DP0877098
The Southern Ocean Branch of the Meridional Overturning Circulation: New Observations of Vertical Mixing (2008 - 2011)$0
Funding
Department of Environment and Energy (Cwth) ($0)
Scheme
Grant-Australian Antarctic Science
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Phillips HE; Bindoff NL
Period
2008 - 2011
The Southern Ocean Branch of the Meridional Overturning Circulation: New Observations of Vertical Mixing (2007)$8,000
Funding
University of Tasmania ($8,000)
Scheme
Grant-Institutional Research Scheme
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Phillips HE
Year
2007
Organization of a cruise on board R/V Melville to provide research opportunities and train scientists from Philippines Marine Institutions (2007)$2,927
Funding
Ian Potter Foundation ($2,927)
Scheme
Grant-Travel/Conference
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Phillips HE
Year
2007

Research Supervision

Six PhD students and three Honours students have completed their research under Helen's supervision. All of them have published their research in the peer-reviewed literature. She currently has two students working with her on her Indian and Southern Ocean projects, and she has projects available for new students.

Current

5

Completed

5

Current

DegreeTitleCommenced
PhDEastward Flows, Ocean Mixing and Air-Sea Interaction in the Southeast Indian Ocean2015
PhDHow do Standing Meanders Brake the Antarctic Circumpolar Current?2016
PhDThe Physical and Bio-Optical Structure of Southern Ocean Eddies in Observations and Models2016
PhDThe Impact of Recent Indian Ocean Warming on the Circulation, Watermass Distribution and Air-Sea Interaction in the Indian Ocean2016
PhDAn Observational Study of the Role of Standing Meanders in Slowing the ACC and Transporting Heat to Antarctica2017

Completed

DegreeTitleCompleted
PhDA Glaciochemical Study of the Mill Island Ice Core
Candidate: Mana Inoue
2015
PhDRemarkable Near-surface Eastward Flows in the South Indian Ocean: Understanding the dynamical links between the Indian Ocean subtropical gyre, Indonesian throughflow
Candidate: Viviane Vasconcellos de Menezes
2015
PhDEkman Currents in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current
Candidate: Christopher John Roach
2014
PhDDiapycnal Mixing and the Internal Wavefield North of the Kerguelen Plateau
Candidate: Amelie Meyer
2014
PhDGlobal Ocean Salinity: A Climate Change Diagnostic?
Candidate: Paul James Durack
2011