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Dianne Nicol

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Dianne Nicol

Professor - Chair of Academic Senate

Room 2.08, Faculty of Law Building, Sandy Bay Campus

+61 3 6226 7553 (phone)

+61 3 6226 7623 (fax)

Dianne.Nicol@utas.edu.au

Patents give individuals and entities the exclusive right to make and sell their inventions. If you invested considerable money and effort developing an invention, would it be fair for someone else to simply copy and sell it? The law says it's not. But what if that invention was a vaccine for cancer?

Finding a balanced approach to the complexity of biotech patents

Biotechnology is a form of research and development. It uses living things, such as biological systems and organisms, to make products.

Biotech companies take discoveries made in genetic and stem cell research labs, and turn them into a range of products, including tests, treatments and even vaccines for diseases like breast and cervical cancer. This process of translating research into healthcare products involves considerable investment and intellectual capital. The inventions are brilliant, but they also raise some difficult questions, such as:

  • When a significant medical treatment is developed by a commercial entity, should they be able to patent that treatment, making it available only through them and possibly charging a high price for access?
  • If so, what if the treatment is too expensive for everyday people to buy?
  • If not, what incentive would there be for commercial entities to invest in the development of medical treatments and vaccines?
  • If patent law is applied in a different way for medical discoveries than it is for other technologies, will the discoveries ever be made in the first place, and even if they are, will they be translated into products that benefit healthcare consumers?

Professor Dianne Nicol, Director of the Centre for Law and Genetics, is working hard to help society answer these questions.

'The question of how to regulate emerging biological technologies, particularly genetic technologies, is an incredibly complex one. There is no clear right or wrong,' said Professor Nicol.

'The discoveries made by genetic scientists would not be developed into usable tests and treatments without commercial partners. Research and development requires enormous investment and there must be some commercial return for that investment.

'On the other hand, these new tests and treatments need to be made available to those that need them, not just those that can afford them.'

Professor Nicol is actively engaged in discussions with law reform agencies and government, providing recommendations on how to navigate the biotech issue to achieve the right balance.

'The law is developing on this issue now. The patent on the test for the BRCA gene, for example, that is linked to higher susceptibility of breast cancer, is currently being challenged in courts in the USA and Australia.

'My research follows these legal developments and interprets the cases to determine what the outcomes mean and what precedents are being set for gene patents moving forward.'

Professor Nicol's research can then be used to help inform decisions by government and law reform agencies. For example, Professor Nicol's input helped to drive the introduction of an exemption in the Patents Act allowing use of patented inventions for experimental purposes.

'This means that while people or organisations can't use the invention for commercial gain, they can use the invention for experimental purposes to try and discover more about it and its uses.'

Professor Nicol is also interested in increasing the public's understanding around the complexity of biotech patents so that everyone can benefit in the long run.

'Our genetics are linked to our health, so there are huge benefits to genetic testing. But the benefits are only realised if there is collaboration. We need people willing to contribute their genetic information, we need researchers who can carry out research using that information, and we need commercial partners who can transform that research into usable tests and treatments that are accessible to the people who need them.'

'The legal challenge is to get the balance right when weighing the needs of all of these groups, so that we get the best outcomes for society as a whole.'

Dianne Nicol is a Professor of Law and Chair of Academic Senate. Professor Nicol was admitted as a barrister and solicitor to the Supreme Court of Tasmania and the High Court of Australia in 1998 and spent some time in legal practice. Her research history includes both law and science.

Her current research focuses on the regulation of biotechnology and human genetics. She is particularly interested in the commercialisation of genetic knowledge and patenting of genetic inventions. Professor Nicol is currently the lead chief investigator on two Australian Research Council funded projects, one on the role of material transfer agreements in facilitating the research commons, the other on the role of law in the era of personalised medicine.

Career summary

Qualifications

Degree Title of Thesis University Country Country Awarded
PhD Development of the Larval Nervous System in the Ascidian Ciona intestinalis L Dalhousie University Canada 1987
MSc Control Mechanisms in the Determination of Synapse Frequency Dalhousie University Canada 1981
LLM Patenting of Human Genetic Material in Australia University of Tasmania Australia 1997
LLB Hons.   University of Tasmania Australia 1996
BSc Hons.  Manchester University United Kingdom 1978

Biography

Dianne began her academic career as a scientist, receiving a PhD from Dalhousie University in Canada in 1987. Her research interests at the time focused on cell and developmental biology, with particular focus on the development of simple nervous systems. Dianne subsequently re-trained in law, graduating with a research-based LLM in 1997. The title of her thesis was: Patenting of Human Genetic Material in Australia. She commenced work as an academic at the University of Tasmania in 2000 and was appointed as Professor in 2009. 

Dianne's teaching focuses on primarily on the interface between technology and the law, with particular focus on intellectual property law. Her research interests are closely aligned with her teaching interests. She has served as Deputy Dean of the Law Faculty and Associate Dean, Research. In January 2013 Dianne took on the role of Chair of Academic Senate at the University of Tasmania, and in February 2015 became the Director of the Centre for Law and Genetics, after having served as one of the Deputy Directors since the inception of the Centre in 1994.

Research Themes

Dianne's research aligns to three of the University's research themes: Better Health; Creativity, Culture and Society; and Data, Knowledge and Decisions.

As much of Dianne's research to date has focused on best practice regulation and governance of human genomics and stem cell technology, it clearly falls within the Better Health theme.

The doctrinal aspect of her research examines legislation, case law, international agreements, ethical guidelines and policy documents. She assesses the appropriateness of these current instruments to regulate and facilitate innovation in emergent technologies. The fact that much of her research feeds into policy development and law reform brings it into the Creativity, Culture and Society theme.

Dianne's doctrinal analysis is accompanied by empirical studies, which assist in ensuring that law and policy reform is evidence-based, bringing her research into the Data, Knowledge and Decisions theme. There are two components to the empirical aspect of her research. Firstly, she examines empirical data on innovation in biotechnology and other emergent technologies through analysis of company and public sector websites, annual reports and other public documents, surveys, interviews, patent databases and other sources of information. Secondly, she researches public attitudes towards emergent technologies through public opinion surveys, interviews and focus groups. In 2013, Dianne joined with colleagues at the Centre for Law and Genetics and Menzies Institute for Medical Research and other international experts to hold a deliberative democracy event to assist in understanding community attitudes and concerns relating to biobanking, with specific focus on the establishment of a Tasmanian biobank.

Memberships

Professional practice

Dianne was admitted as a Solicitor and Barrister of the Supreme Court of Tasmania on 4th September 1998 and of the High Court of Australia in October 1998

Committee associations

  • Member, National Health and Medical Research Council Embryo Research Licensing Committee
  • Member, National Health and Medical Research Council Australian Health Ethics Committee
  • Member, Safe Harbor Task Team of the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health Regulatory and Ethics Working Group
  • Member, International Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property
  • Member, Expert Panel, Federal Government Review of Pharmaceutical Patents (October 2012 – May 2013)
  • Consultant to the National Health and Medical Research Council, Drafting Group for the Development of an Information Paper on the Management and Governance of Biobanks in Australia (with M Otlowski and M Stranger – completed 26 February 2010). The NHMRC Biobanks Information Paper (2010) is available at:
  • NHMRC, Genetics and Human Health, Healthcare Practitioners
  • Member of the Advisory Committee and consultant to Australian Law Reform Commission reference on Gene Patenting and Human Health (2003 - 2004)
  • Visiting Research Fellow, Regulatory Institutions Network, Australian National University, Canberra, 20 July 2009 to 31 December 2009
  • Visiting Research Fellow, Centre for Intellectual Property Rights at KU University, Leuven, Belgium, 4 December to 16 December 2006
  • Distinguished Visiting Research Fellow, ESRC Genomics Policy and Research Forum, Edinburgh, Scotland, 29 May to 3 June 2006

Other

  • Chair, Academic Senate. This position brings with it membership of a large array of other committees, including all Senate committees, most senior management committees and University Council.
  • Director, Centre for Law and Genetics
  • Member, University of Tasmania Curriculum Review Working Group
  • Member, Sense-T Research Advisory Group
  • Past Chair, University of Tasmania Animal Ethics Committee (2007-2011)
  • Past member, Tasmanian Social Sciences Human Research Ethics Committee (2001-2007)

Administrative expertise

Dianne has a broad range of administrative expertise.

In her role as Chair of Academic Senate she has leadership of the peak academic body at the University.

In the research context she has been the lead chief investigator on three Australian Research Council Discovery Grants and second chief investigator on a number of others. Dianne took on the directorship of the Centre for Law and Genetics in early 2015, after having secured strategic research funding for 2015-2016 to expand the reputation of the Centre by increasing staff and postgraduate numbers, engaging more broadly across the University and externally, and establishing formalised collaborative structures.

Dianne has held the positions of Deputy Dean, Associate Dean Research and Graduate Research Coordinator in the Law Faculty and Deputy Dean of Graduate Research.

Teaching

Teaching expertise

Dianne has a minor teaching role at present while she continues in the role of Chair of Academic Senate. Prior to taking on this role she was primarily involved in teaching elective subjects to final year undergraduate law students. Her subjects revolved around the interplay between technology and the law, including contract law, tort law, property law, privacy law, intellectual property law, international law and human rights law. Dianne has also been involved in teaching non-law students, particularly in biomedical science, information and communications technology and journalism. She have also taught an advanced patent law subject to master of laws students at the University of Queensland. She was responsible for design of all of these units.

From 2009 to 2012 Dianne was a member of the Law Faculty's Curriculum Review Committee. This committee took carriage of a significant overhaul of the undergraduate Bachelor of Laws degree.

Teaching responsibility

When Dianne does not have the role of Chair of Academic Senate, she is usually responsible for coordinating and teaching the following units (note that currently only teaching Biotechnology Law):

Research Invitations

In Dianne's field, the most prestigious forums for orally presenting research findings tend to be small expert workshops rather than large conferences. In the past five years Dianne has been invited to attend fully funded international workshops in the USA (2014), Italy (2010), the UK (2010, 2012) and Switzerland (2015) as well as a number in Australia. These workshops often result in tangible outcomes including book chapters and articles. In addition, meetings of this nature have greater capacity to influence the development of policy and practice than larger non-specialist conferences. For example, Dianne was invited to attend the Hinxton Group meeting Proprietary Challenges in Stem Cell Research at Manchester University in 2010, which resulted in the Hinxton Consensus Statement on Policies and Practices Governing Data and Materials Sharing and Intellectual Property in Stem Cell Science (24 January 2011).

Dianne has hosted two expert workshops at the Centre for Law and Genetics. The first, held in 2011, brought together experts in biotechnology patenting and innovation. The second, held in 2014, brought together experts on personalized medicine. Each provided an opportunity for Dianne's research team to present their findings and seek guidance on future research directions.

View more on Professor Dianne Nicol in WARP

Expertise

Dianne's unique contribution in her field is her capacity to marry empirical research with law and policy reform in areas of new and emergent technology. Policy makers are increasingly looking for sound and objective evidence bases to guide law and policy reform, rather than being exposed to anecdotes and lobbying by groups with vested interests. Dianne's empirical research on the Australian medical biotechnology industry remains one of the few sources of evidence to assist policy makers in that area. Similarly, her research on public attitudes towards, and public trust in genomics and personalised medicine provides a vital contribution to the evidence base for reform of the framework for regulating this new and rapidly developing area of medical technology. Dianne's research is cross disciplinary, in that it crosses the boundaries of law, biomedicine, economics, innovation studies, social science and technology.

Collaboration

During the past five years, Dianne has cemented her formal research collaborations with Australian colleagues at the Australian National University, Melbourne University and Swinburne University and international colleagues in Japan, Canada, Belgium, Spain and the UK.

Her research projects all include a number of international collaborators. For example, her material transfer agreement project has collaborators from Canada and the US.

Dianne is named (non-CI) co-investigator on a $4 million Genome Canada grant awarded to Associate Professor Tania Bubela and other colleagues in January 2013. She is a participant in the ELSI2.0 research network and the Regulatory and Ethics Working Group of the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health.

Current projects

Dianne currently has two major projects:

Material Transfer Agreements and Open Science in the Genome Era. This project examines the role of material transfer agreements in facilitating ethical, efficient and effective exchange of biological materials within Australia and internationally.

The Age of Personalized Medicine: Regulatory Challenges for Australia. The aim of this project is to examine a number of aspects of personalized medicine in Australia, including: identifying ethical, regulatory and social challenges; assessing benefit sharing and public trust issues; evaluating and making recommendations on regulatory and governance measures needed to ensure best practice and highest ethical standards.

Research Fields

  • Law (180199)
  • Intellectual Property Law (180115)
  • Law and Legal Studies (189999)
  • Bioethics (human and animal) (220101)
  • Law and Society (180119)
  • Property Law (excl. Intellectual Property Law) (180124)
  • Medical Ethics (220106)
  • Public Administration (160509)
  • Health and Community Services (111708)
  • Genetics (060499)
  • Cancer Genetics (111203)
  • Public Health and Health Services (111799)
  • Commercial and Contract Law (180105)
  • Human Rights Law (180114)
  • Animal Neurobiology (060805)
  • Legal Ethics (220105)
  • Access to Justice (180102)
  • Ethical Use of New Technology (e.g. Nanotechnology, Biotechnology) (220103)
  • Professional Ethics (incl. police and research ethics) (220107)
  • Research, Science and Technology Policy (160511)
  • Applied Ethics (220199)
  • Animal Breeding (070201)
  • Animal Management (070203)
  • Innovation and Technology Management (150307)
  • Public Policy (160510)
  • Industry Economics and Industrial Organisation (140209)
  • Social and Community Psychology (170113)

Research Impact

  • Justice and the Law (940499)
  • Law Reform (940405)
  • Health (929999)
  • Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences (970117)
  • Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) (920499)
  • Expanding Knowledge in Law and Legal Studies (970118)
  • Technological and Organisational Innovation (910406)
  • Bioethics (950401)
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health Status and Outcomes (920302)
  • Law, Politics and Community Services (949999)
  • International Relations (940399)
  • Health Education and Promotion (920205)
  • Legal Processes (940406)
  • Legislation, Civil and Criminal Codes (940407)
  • Behaviour and Health (920401)
  • Civil Justice (940401)
  • Cancer and Related Disorders (920102)
  • Animal Welfare (839901)
  • Industry Policy (910205)
  • Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) (920199)
  • Expanding Knowledge in Technology (970110)
  • Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards (960799)
  • Health Policy Evaluation (920208)
  • Industrial Organisations (910203)
  • Technological Ethics (950408)
  • Health Inequalities (920206)

Publications

Dianne publishes in a variety of forums. Because of the cross-disciplinary nature of her research, she publishes in peer reviewed journals in law, social sciences and biomedical science. Generally she aims to publish in highly ranked journals. For example, one recent law article was published in the Federal Law Review, which is in the small cohort of highly ranked Australian law journals, and one of her science-related articles was published in Nature Biotechnology, which has a current impact factor of 39.08. She also contributes chapters to specialist books in her research area.

Given that the driving force of Dianne's research is law and policy reform, she also endeavours to disseminate her research findings in a range of other forums including:

1. Law reform submissions. During the past ten years she has made 18 submissions to public inquiries and been invited to provide oral evidence on 4 occasions.

2. Reports on empirical research findings. One of the features of Dianne's research is the creation of an evidence base to support law and policy reform. In addition to publishing mainstream academic articles and book chapters, she had used the Centre for Law and Genetics Occasional Paper series to publish detailed findings from her research.

3. Consultancy reports. Dianne has co-authored two major reports resulting from government consultancies. The first, the Biobanks Information Paper (2010), was commissioned by the NHRMC in order to provide information relevant to the establishment, management and governance of biobanks in Australia. The second, the Pharmaceutical Patents Review Report (2013), was commissioned by the federal government in 2012 to determine whether Australia's patent system is effective in securing timely access to competitively priced pharmaceuticals.

4. The courts. Another forum for presenting Dianne's research outputs in law is in the courts. One of the most significant legal cases in her area relates to validity of patents claiming rights to genes associated with breast cancer. She co-authored an amicus brief with other leading patent scholars when the case came before the US Supreme Court in 2013.

Total publications

172

Highlighted publications

(10 outputs)
YearTypeCitationAltmetrics
2011Journal ArticleNicol D, 'Implications of DNA patenting: reviewing the evidence', Journal of Law and Information Science, 21, (1) pp. 7-36. ISSN 0729-1485 (2011) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

2010Journal ArticleNicol D, 'Collaborative licensing in biotechnology: a survey of knowledge, experience, and attitudes in Australia', Biotechnology Law Report, 29, (5) pp. 465-484. ISSN 0730-031X (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1089/blr.2010.9930 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

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2010Journal ArticleOtlowski M, Nicol D, Stranger M, 'Biobanks Information Paper 2010', Journal of Law and Information Science, 20, (1) pp. 87-205. ISSN 0729-1485 (2010) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski M; Stranger M

2008Chapter in BookHope J, Nicol D, Braithwaite J, 'Regulatory Capitalism, Business Models and the Knowledge Economy', Regulatory Capitalism: How it Works, Ideas for Making it Work Better, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, John Braithwaite (ed), UK, pp. 109-139. ISBN 9781847200020 (2008) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2008Journal ArticleNielsen J, Nicol D, 'Whither patent use without authorisation in Australia?', Federal Law Review, 36, (3) pp. 333-364. ISSN 0067-205X (2008) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen J

2006Journal ArticleNicol D, 'Public trust, intellectual property and human genetic databanks: the need to take benefit sharing seriously', Journal of International Biotechnology Law, 3, (3) pp. 89-103. ISSN 1612-6068 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1515/JIBL.2006.012 [eCite] [Details]

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2005Journal ArticleNicol D, 'On the Legality of Gene Patents', Melbourne University Law Review, 29, (3) pp. 809-842. ISSN 0025-8938 (2005) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

2004Journal ArticleChalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Commercialisation of Biotechnology: Public Trust and Research', International Journal of Biotechnology, 6, (2/3) pp. 116-133. ISSN 0963-6048 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1504/IJBT.2004.004806 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 23

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

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2003BookNicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Patents and Medical Biotechnology: An Empirical Analysis of Issues Facing the Australian Industry', Centre for Law and Genetics Occasional Paper No. 6, Hobart, pp. 1-276. (2003) [Authored Other Book]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2001Journal ArticleNicol D, Nielsen JL, 'The Australian Medical Biotechnology Industry and Access to Intellectual Property: Issues for Patent Law Development', The Sydney Law Review, 23, (3) pp. 347-374. ISSN 0082-0512 (2001) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

Journal Article

(107 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2016Chalmers D, Nicol D, Kaye J, Bell J, Campbell AV, et al., 'Has the biobank bubble burst? Withstanding the challenges for sustainable biobanking in the digital era', BMC Medical Ethics, 17, (39) pp. 1-14. ISSN 1472-6939 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1186/s12910-016-0124-2 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers D; Otlowski M; Whitton T

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2016Critchley C, Nicol D, McWhirter R, 'Identifying public expectations of genetic biobanks', Public Understanding of Science pp. 1-17. ISSN 0963-6625 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0963662515623925 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: McWhirter R

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2016Liddicoat J, Nielsen J, Nicol D, 'Three dimensions of patent infringement: Liability for creation and distribtion of CAD files', Australian Intellectual Property Journal, 26 pp. 165-178. ISSN 1038-1635 (2016) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen J

2016Nicol D, Bubela T, Chalmers D, Charbonneau J, Critchley C, et al., 'Precision medicine: drowning in a regulatory soup?', Journal of Law and the Biosciences pp. 1-23. ISSN 2053-9711 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1093/jlb/lsw018 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers D; Charbonneau J; Dickinson J; Hewitt AW; McWhirter R; Otlowski M

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2016Nicol D, Critchley C, McWhirter R, Whitton T, 'Understanding public reactions to commercialization of biobanks and use of biobank resources', Social Science & Medicine, 162 pp. 79-87. ISSN 0277-9536 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.06.028 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Critchley C; McWhirter R; Whitton T

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2016Nielsen JL, Nicol D, 'The Legal vacuum surrounding access to Gene-based research materials and data', Journal of Law and Medicine, 24 pp. 72-88. ISSN 1320-159X (2016) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2016Townend D, Dove ES, Nicol D, Bovenberg J, Knoppers BM, 'Streamlining ethical review of data intensive research: Unfounded concerns about local liability should not delay urgent reform', B M J: (British Medical Journal), 354 pp. 1-2. ISSN 0959-535X (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1136/bmj.i4181 [eCite] [Details]

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2016Dove ES, Twonend D, Meslin EM, Bobrow M, Littler K, et al., 'Ethics review for international data-intensive research: Ad hoc approaches mix and match existing components', Science, 351, (6280) pp. 1399-1400. ISSN 0036-8075 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf5542 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

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2015Critchley CR, Nicol D, Otlowski M, 'The Impact of Commercialisation and Genetic Data Sharing Arrangements on Public Trust and the Intention to Participate in Biobank Research', Public Health Genomics, 18 pp. 160-172. ISSN 1662-4246 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1159/000375441 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4

Co-authors: Critchley CR; Otlowski M

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2015Critchley CR, Nicol D, Otlowski MFA, Chalmers DRC, 'Public reaction to direct-to consumer online genetic tests: Comparing attitudes, trust and intentions across commercial and conventional providers', Public Understanding of Science, 24, (6) pp. 731-750. ISSN 0963-6625 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0963662513519937 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3

Co-authors: Critchley CR; Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

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2015McWhirter R, Nicol D, Savulescu J, 'Genomics in research and health care with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples', Monash Bioethics Review, 33, (2-3) pp. 203-209. ISSN 1836-6716 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1007/s40592-015-0037-8 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: McWhirter R

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2015Scheibner J, Nicol D, 'Do software patents inhibit open source licensing in Australia?', Australian Intellectual Property Journal, 25, (4) pp. 198-219. ISSN 1038-1635 (2015) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Scheibner J

2015Chalmers DRC, Burgess M, Edwards K, Kaye J, Meslin E, et al., 'Marking Shifts in Human Research Ethics in the Development of Biobanking', Public Health Ethics, 8, (1) pp. 63-71. ISSN 1754-9973 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1093/phe/phu023 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

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2015Liddicoat J, Whitton T, Nicol D, 'Are the gene-patent storm clouds dissipating? A global snapshot', Nature Biotechnology, 33, (4) pp. 347-352. ISSN 1087-0156 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/nbt.3182 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Liddicoat J; Whitton T

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2014Chalmers D, Nicol D, Nicolas P, Zeps N, 'A role for research ethics committees in exchanges of human biospecimens through material transfer agreements', Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 11 pp. 301-306. ISSN 1176-7529 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1007/s11673-014-9552-1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4

Co-authors: Chalmers D

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2014Chalmers D, McWhirter RE, Nicol D, Whitton T, Otlowski M, et al., 'New avenues within community engagement: addressing the ingenuity gap in our approach to health research and future provision of health care', Journal of Responsible Innovation, 1, (3) pp. 321-328. ISSN 2329-9460 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/23299460.2014.963002 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers D; McWhirter RE; Whitton T; Otlowski M; Critchley C; Dickinson JL

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2014McWhirter RE, Critchley CR, Nicol D, Chalmers DRC, Whitton TC, et al., 'Community Engagement for Big Epidemiology: Deliberative Democracy as a Tool', Journal of Personalized Medicine, 4, (4) pp. 459-474. ISSN 2075-4426 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3390/jpm4040459 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: McWhirter RE; Critchley CR; Chalmers DRC; Whitton TC; Otlowski MFA; Dickinson JL

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2014Nicol D, 'Legitimacy of patenting genes - after thirty years do we have a definitive answer?', Rouche institute website pp. 1-3. (2014) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2014Nicol D, Hagger MC, Ries N, Liddicoat JE, 'Time to get serious about privacy policies: The special case of genetic privacy', Federal Law Review, 42, (1) pp. 149-179. ISSN 0067-205X (2014) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Hagger MC; Liddicoat JE

2014Nielsen JL, Nicol D, Liddicoat JE, 'Sharing the Burden in Australian Drug Discovery and Development: Collaborative Trends in Translational Research', Intellectual Property Quarterly, (3) pp. 181-209. ISSN 1364-906X (2014) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL; Liddicoat JE

2014Nielsen JL, Nicol D, Liddicoat JE, Whitton TC, 'Another missed opportunity to reform compulsory licensing and Crown use in Australia', Australian Intellectual Property Journal, 25 pp. 74-92. ISSN 1038-1635 (2014) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL; Liddicoat JE; Whitton TC

2014Caulfield T, Burningham S, Joly Y, Master Z, Shabani M, et al., 'A review of the key issues associated with the commercialisation of biobanks', Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 1, (1) pp. 94-110. ISSN 2053-9711 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1093/jlb/lst004 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA

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2014Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, Otlowski MFA, 'To share or not to share is the question', Applied and Translational Genomics, 3, (4) pp. 116-119. ISSN 2212-0661 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.atg.2014.09.011 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA

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2013Chalmers D, Nicol D, Otlowski M, Critchley C, 'Personalised medicine in the genome era', Journal of Law and Medicine, 20, (3) pp. 577-594. ISSN 1320-159X (2013) [Refereed Article]

PMID: 23600190 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1

Co-authors: Chalmers D; Otlowski M; Critchley C

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2013Chalmers D, Rathjen P, Rathjen J, Nicol D, 'Stem cells and regenerative medicine: From research to clinical applications', Journal of Law and Medicine, 20, (4) pp. 831-844. ISSN 1320-159X (2013) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers D; Rathjen P; Rathjen J

2013Liddicoat JE, Nicol D, 'Top US court blocks patents on breast cancer genes', The Conversation (2013) [Letter or Note in Journal]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Liddicoat JE

2013Liddicoat JE, Nicol D, 'Re-evaluating False Patent Marking in Australia', Journal of Law, Information and Science pp. 128-158. ISSN 0729-1485 (2013) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Liddicoat JE

2013McWhirter RE, Nicol D, Chalmers D, Dickinson JL, 'Body ownership and research', Journal of Law and Medicine, 21 pp. 323-329. ISSN 1320-159X (2013) [Refereed Article]

PMID: 24597380 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: McWhirter RE; Chalmers D; Dickinson JL

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2013Nicol D, 'For Myriad Genetics, the gene patent fight isn't over yet', The Conversation website (2013) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2013Bubela T, Gold ER, Graff GD, Cahoy DR, Nicol D, et al., 'Patent Landscaping for life sciences innovation: towards consistent and transparent practices', Nature Biotechnology, 31, (3) pp. 202-206. ISSN 1087-0156 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/nbt.2521 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 8Web of Science - 7

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2013Nicol D, Liddicoat J, Critchley C, 'A role for virtual biotechnology companies in drug discovery and development?', Journal of Commercial Biotechnology, 19, (3) pp. 10-19. ISSN 1462-8732 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.5912/jcb611 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1

Co-authors: Liddicoat J

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2013Nicol D, Liddicoat JE, 'Do patents impeded the provision of genetic tests in Australia?', Australian Health Review, 34, (3) pp. 281-285. ISSN 0156-5788 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1071/AH13029 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Liddicoat JE

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2013Nicol D, Lyndon JR, 'Media Regulation in Australia', Precedent, (117) pp. 4-9. ISSN 1449-7719 (2013) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Lyndon JR

2013Nicol D, Owoeye O, 'Using TRIPS flexibilities to facilitate access to medicines', Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 91, (7) pp. 533-539. ISSN 0042-9686 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.2471/BLT.12.115865 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5

Co-authors: Owoeye O

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2013Nicol D, Hagger M, 'Direct-to-consumer genetic testing - a regulatory nightmare? Will the current framework protect consumers effectively?', Medical Journal of Australia, 198, (9) pp. 501-502. ISSN 0025-729X (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.5694/mja12.10350 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 3

Co-authors: Hagger M

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2012Gogarty B, Nicol D, Newey B, 'Journal of Law, Information and Science', 22, (1) pp. i-iii. ISSN 0729-1485 (2012) [Edited Journal]

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Co-authors: Gogarty B; Newey B

2012Nicol D, 'More from the United States on patenting of biotechnology inventions and the potential impact on Australia', Intellectual Property Law Bulletin, 24, (8) pp. 205-207. ISSN 1035-1353 (2012) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2012Nicol D, Critchley C, 'Benefit sharing and biobanking in Australia', Public Understanding of Science, 21, (5) pp. 534-555. ISSN 0963-6625 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0963662511402425 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 8Web of Science - 8

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2012Nicol D, Liddicoat J, 'Legislating to exclude gene patents: difficult and unhelpful, or useful and feasible?', Journal of Law and Information Science, 22, (1) pp. EAP1-EAP23. ISSN 0729-1485 (2012) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Liddicoat J

2012Nicol D, Liddicoat JE, 'Do patents promote innovation?', The Conversation pp. 1-3. ISSN 2201-5639 (2012) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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Co-authors: Liddicoat JE

2012Nicol D, 'Genetic land-grab or reward for ingenuity? Australian court to rule on gene patents', The Conversation pp. 1-3. ISSN 2201-5639 (2012) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2011Nicol D, 'Recent decisions from the United States and Europe on patenting of biotechnology inventions and their potential impact on Australia', Australian Intellectual Property Law Bulletin, 24, (2) pp. 48-51. ISSN 1035-1353 (2011) [Non Refereed Article]

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2011Critchley CR, Nicol D, 'Understanding the impact of commercialization on public support for scientific research: Is it about the funding source or the organization conducting the research?', Public Understanding of Science, 20, (3) pp. 347-366. ISSN 0963-6625 (2011) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0963662509346910 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 15Web of Science - 15

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2011Ridley A, Nicol D, 'Is there still a place for gene patents in Australia? Implications of recent United States and European case law', Journal of Law and Medicine, 19 pp. 282-299. ISSN 1320-159X (2011) [Refereed Article]

PMID: 22320004 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

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2011Nicol D, 'Implications of DNA patenting: reviewing the evidence', Journal of Law and Information Science, 21, (1) pp. 7-36. ISSN 0729-1485 (2011) [Refereed Article]

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2010Critchley C, Nicol D, Otlowski MFA, Stranger MJA, 'Predicting intention to biobank: a national survey', European Journal of Public Health EJ ISSN 1101-1262 (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckq136 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 20

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Stranger MJA

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2010Nicol D, 'Collaborative licensing in biotechnology: a survey of knowledge, experience, and attitudes in Australia', Biotechnology Law Report, 29, (5) pp. 465-484. ISSN 0730-031X (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1089/blr.2010.9930 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

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2010Otlowski M, Nicol D, Stranger M, 'Biobanks Information Paper 2010', Journal of Law and Information Science, 20, (1) pp. 87-205. ISSN 0729-1485 (2010) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Otlowski M; Stranger M

2010Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, 'The NHMRC Biobanks Information Paper (2010): an overview', Australian Health Law Bulletin, 18, (8-9) pp. 115-117. ISSN 1038-1473 (2010) [Non Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Otlowski MFA

2009Nicol D, 'Challenge to the Breast Cancer Gene Patents in the US', Ethics & Legal Area: Current Comments pp. 1-3. (2009) [Non Refereed Article]

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2009Nicol D, 'Gene Patents & Personalised Medicine', Ethics & Legal Area: Current Comments pp. 1-3. (2009) [Non Refereed Article]

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2008Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Human genetic research databases and biobanks: Towards uniform terminology and Australian best practice', Journal of Law and Medicine, 15, (4) pp. 538-555. ISSN 1320-159X (2008) [Refereed Article]

PMID: 18365521 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 11

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

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2008Malanda SR, Nicol D, 'Pharmacogenetic Testing: Legal Considerations for Consent, Privacy and Disclosure', Personalized Medicine, 5, (2) pp. 155-161. ISSN 1741-0541 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.2217/17410541.5.2.155 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Malanda SR

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2008Nicol D, 'Navigating the molecular diagnostic patent landscape', Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents, 18, (5) pp. 461-472. ISSN 1354-3776 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1517/13543776.18.5.461 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 4

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2008Nicol D, 'Strategies for Dissemination of University Knowledge', Health Law Journal, 16, (January) pp. 207-236. ISSN 1192-8336 (2008) [Refereed Article]

PMID: 19536982 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

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2008Nicol D, Bartl B, 'The grant of interlocutory injunctions in defamation cases in Australia following the decision in Australian Broadcasting Corporation v O'Neill', University of Tasmania Law Review, 25, (2) pp. 156-179. ISSN 0082-2108 (2008) [Refereed Article]

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2008Nielsen J, Nicol D, 'Whither patent use without authorisation in Australia?', Federal Law Review, 36, (3) pp. 333-364. ISSN 0067-205X (2008) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Nielsen J

2008Stranger MJA, Bell EJ, Nicol D, Otlowski MFA, Chalmers DRC, 'Human genetic databanks in Australia: indications of inconsistency and confusion', New Genetics and Society, 27, (4) pp. 311-321. ISSN 1463-6778 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/14636770802485400 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5

Co-authors: Stranger MJA; Bell EJ; Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

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2007Nicol D, 'Cooperative Intellectual Property in Biotechnology', SCRIPT-ed, 4, (1) pp. 136-151. ISSN 1744-2567 (2007) [Refereed Article]

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2007Nicol D, Bubela T, Gold E, Miller F, Piper T, 'Gene Patents - more evidence needed, but policymakers must act', Nature Biotechnology, 25, (4) pp. 388-389. ISSN 1087-0156 (2007) [Letter or Note in Journal]

DOI: 10.1038/nbt0407-388 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3

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2007Nicol D, Romeo-Malanda S, 'Protection of Genetic Data in Medical Genetics: A Legal Analysis in the European Context', Law and the Human Genome Review, 27, (July-December 2007) pp. 97-134. ISSN 1134-7708 (2007) [Refereed Article]

PMID: 18330103 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

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2006Nicol D, 'Public trust, intellectual property and human genetic databanks: the need to take benefit sharing seriously', Journal of International Biotechnology Law, 3, (3) pp. 89-103. ISSN 1612-6068 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1515/JIBL.2006.012 [eCite] [Details]

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2006Nicol D, 'Gene Patenting and the OECD Guidelines for the Licensing of Genetic Inventions', Australian Health Law Bulletin, 14, (8) pp. 95-97. ISSN 1038-1473 (2006) [Non Refereed Article]

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2006Nicol D, Hope J, 'Cooperative Strategies for Facilitating Use of Patented Inventions in Biotechnology', Law in Context, 24, (1) pp. 85-112. ISSN 0811-5796 (2006) [Refereed Article]

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2006Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'The Impact of Patents on Medical Biotechnology', Encyclopaedia of Life Support Systems EJ (2006) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2006Caulfield T, Eisiendel J, Merz J, Nicol D, 'Trust, Patents and Public Perceptions: The Governance of Controversial Biotechnology Research', Nature Biotechnology, 24, (11) pp. 1352-1354. ISSN 1087-0156 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/nbt1106-1352 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 23Web of Science - 21

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2006Nicol D, 'Trust Benefit Sharing and Human Genetic Databanking', ESRC Genomics Network Newsletter, October 06, (4) pp. 6-7. ISSN 0226-2043 (2006) [Non Refereed Article]

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2005Nicol D, 'Tasmania's Entry into the National Electricity Market', Australian Resources & Energy Law Journal, 24, (2) pp. 138. ISSN 1447-9710 (2005) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2005Nicol D, 'Compensation for Compulsory Acquisition for Tasmania Gas Pipeline Project', Australian Resources & Energy Law Journal, 24, (3) pp. 279-280. ISSN 1447-9710 (2005) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2005Nicol D, 'On the Legality of Gene Patents', Melbourne University Law Review, 29, (3) pp. 809-842. ISSN 0025-8938 (2005) [Refereed Article]

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2005Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Australian Medical Biotechnology: Navigating a Complex Patent Landscape', European Intellectual Property Review, 27, (9) pp. 313-318. ISSN 0142-0461 (2005) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2005Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Gene patenting and human health: the ALRC's report on Genes and Ingenuity', Australia and New Zealand Trade Practices Law Bulletin, 20, (10) pp. 153-155. ISSN 1035-1345 (2005) [Non Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2005Nicol D, Otlowski MFA, 'Examining Legal and Ethical Implications of Genetics in Australia', Australian Health Law Bulletin, 13, (6) pp. 65-69. ISSN 1038-1473 (2005) [Non Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Otlowski MFA

2005Stranger MJA, Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Capital, Trust and Consultation: Databanks and Regulation in Australia', Critical Public Health, 15, (4) pp. 349-358. ISSN 0958-1596 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/09581590500523376 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 16

Co-authors: Stranger MJA; Chalmers DRC

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2005Nicol D, 'Balancing Innovation and Access to Healthcare through the Patent System - An Australian Perspective', Community Genetics, 8, (4) pp. 228-234. ISSN 1422-2795 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1158/000087960 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 7Web of Science - 6

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2004Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Commercialisation of Biotechnology: Public Trust and Research', International Journal of Biotechnology, 6, (2/3) pp. 116-133. ISSN 0963-6048 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1504/IJBT.2004.004806 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 23

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

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2004Mitnovetski O, Nicol D, 'Are Patents for Methods of Medical Treatment Contrary to the Ordre Public and Morality or 'Generally Inconvenient'?', Journal of Medical Ethics, 30, (5) pp. 470-475. ISSN 0306-6800 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1136/jme.2002.000786 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 7Web of Science - 4

Co-authors: Mitnovetski O

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2004Nicol D, 'Maree Sainsbury: Moral Rights and their Application in Australia', Journal of Law and Information Science, 13, (1) pp. 132-135. ISSN 0729-1485 (2004) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2004Nicol D, 'Paul McGinness: Intellectual Property. Commercialisation - A Business Manager's Companion', Journal of Law and Information Science, 13, (1) pp. 128-130. ISSN 0729-1485 (2004) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2004Nicol D, 'Antarctic Bioprospecting, Benefit Sharing and Cooperation in Antarctic Science', Australian Antarctic Magazine, 6, (Autumn 2004) pp. 10-11. ISSN 1445-1735 (2004) [Non Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

2004Nicol D, 'The Impact of Gene Patenting on Traditional Research Practices', Issues Magazine, 67, (June 2004) pp. 21-22. ISSN 0819-8101 (2004) [Non Refereed Article]

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2004Nicol D, 'The Golden Path from the Ivory Tower of Academic Science', Australian Review of Public Affairs, 5, (1) pp. 1-4. ISSN 1832-1526 (2004) [Non Refereed Article]

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2004Nicol D, 'Property in human tissue and the right of commercialisation: The interface between tangible and intellectual property', Monash University Law Review, 30, (2) pp. 139-164. ISSN 0311-3140 (2004) [Refereed Article]

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2003Nicol D, 'Balancing Access to Pharmaceuticals with Patent Rights', Monash Bioethics Review, 22, (2) pp. 50-62. ISSN 1321-2753 (2003) [Refereed Article]

PMID: 15069957 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1

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2003Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Can the Law Balance Ethical, Scientific and Economic Values? (Part 1)', Law and Human Genome Review, 18, (1) pp. 43-53. ISSN 1134-7708 (2003) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

2003Nicol D, 'Patents and Access to Genetic Tests', Centre for Law and Genetics, 1, (Occasional Paper No. 5) pp. 110-137. ISSN 1445-2766 (2003) [Non Refereed Article]

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2003Nicol D, 'Human Gene Patents: Under whose Control?', The Medical Journal of Australia, 179, (4) pp. 181-182. ISSN 0025-729X (2003) [Contribution to Refereed Journal]

PMID: 12914505 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1

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2003Nicol D, 'The Impact of Patents on the Delivery of Genetic Tests in Australia', Today's Life Science, 15, (5) pp. 22-27. ISSN 1033-6893 (2003) [Refereed Article]

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2003Jabour JA, Nicol D, 'Bioprospecting in areas outside national jurisdiction: Antarctica and the Southern Oceans', Melbourne Journal of International Law, 4, (1) pp. 76-111. ISSN 1444-8602 (2003) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Jabour JA

2003Nicol D, 'Gene Patents and Access to Genetic Tests', Australian Health Law Bulletin, 11, (7) pp. 73-77. ISSN 1038-1473 (2003) [Professional, Non Refereed Article]

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2003Nicol D, 'Origin Energy Resources Ltd v Benaris International NV & Anor', Australian Resources and Energy Law Journal, 22, (1) ISSN 1447-9710 (2003) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2003Nicol D, 'Mining and Gas Amending Legislation', Australian Resources and Energy Law Journal, 22, (1) ISSN 1447-9710 (2003) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2003Nicol D, 'Electricity Supply Industry Amendment Act 2003', Australian Resources and Energy Law Journal, 22, (2) pp. 132-133. ISSN 1328-6803 (2003) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2003Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Embryonic stem cell research: can the law balance ethical, scientific and economic values? (Part II)', Law and Human Genome Review, 19, (2003) pp. 91-108. ISSN 1134-7708 (2003) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

2002Gogarty B, Nicol D, 'The UK's Cloning Laws: A View from the Antipodes', eLaw Journal, 9, (2) pp. 1-8. ISSN 1321-8247 (2002) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Gogarty B

2002Nicol D, Chalmers DRC, Gogarty B, 'Regulating Biomedical Advances: Embryonic Stem Cell Research', Macquarie Law Journal, 2, (1) pp. 31-59. ISSN 1445-386X (2002) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Gogarty B

2002Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'An Invitation to Participate in an Inquiry: Assignment and Licensing of Biotechnology Patents', Journal of AusBiotech, 12, (2) pp. 35-36. ISSN 1036-7128 (2002) [Non Refereed Article]

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Citations: Scopus - 1

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2002Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Biotechnology Patents: The Issue of Access', Genetics Law Monitor, 2, (4) pp. 9-11. ISSN 1471-3624 (2002) [Non Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2002Nielsen JL, Nicol D, 'Pharmaceutical Patents and Developing Countries: The Conundrum of Access and Incentive', Australian Intellectual Property Journal, 13, (1) pp. 289-308. ISSN 1038-1635 (2002) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2001Nicol D, 'Tasmanian Natural Gas Project', Australian Mining & Petroleum Law Journal, 20, (2) pp. 116-118. ISSN 1328-6803 (2001) [Letter or Note in Journal]

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2001Nicol D, Gogarty B, Chalmers DRC, 'Human Cloning and Stem Cell Research', Australian Health Law Bulletin, 10, (3) pp. 25-34. ISSN 1038-1473 (2001) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Gogarty B; Chalmers DRC

2001Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'The Australian Medical Biotechnology Industry and Access to Intellectual Property: Issues for Patent Law Development', The Sydney Law Review, 23, (3) pp. 347-374. ISSN 0082-0512 (2001) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2001Nicol D, Otlowski MFA, Chalmers DRC, 'Consent, Commercialisation and Benefit-sharing', Journal of Law and Medicine, 9, (1) pp. 80-94. ISSN 1320-159X (2001) [Refereed Article]

PMID: 2002149509 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 15

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

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1997Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Current Regulation of Human Gene Therapy in Australia', Today's Life Science, 9, (1) pp. 20-23. ISSN 1033-6893 (1997) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

1996Nicol D, 'Should Human Genes be Patentable Inventions under Australian Patent Law?', Journal of Law and Medicine, 3, (1) pp. 231-232. ISSN 1320-159X (1996) [Refereed Article]

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1995Chalmers DRC, Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Skene L, 'Current Research: Project on the Legal and Ethical Aspects of Genetic Research in Australia', Journal of Law and Medicine, 3, (1) pp. 30-35. ISSN 1320-159X (1995) [Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA

1995Chalmers DRC, Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Skene L, 'Legal and ethical implications of human genetic research: Australian perspectives', Law and the Human Genome Review, 3 pp. 211-220. ISSN 1134-7708 (1995) [Non Refereed Article]

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Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA

Book

(7 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2015Bowrey K, Handler M, Nicol D, Weatherall K, 'Australian Intellectual Property: Commentary, Law and Practice', Oxford University Press, australia, pp. 781. ISBN 9780195598469 (2015) [Revision/New Edition]

[eCite] [Details]

2014Nicol D, Nielsen JL, Liddicoat JE, Critchley CR, Whitton TC, 'The Innovation Pool in Biotechnology: the Role of Patents in Facilitating Innovation, Occasional Paper No.8', Centre for Law and Genetics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, pp. 344. (2014) [Authored Other Book]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL; Liddicoat JE; Critchley CR; Whitton TC

2011Bowrey K, Handler M, Nicol D, 'Emerging Challenges in Intellectual Property', Oxford University Press, Melbourne, pp. 254. ISBN 9780195575125 (2011) [Edited Book]

[eCite] [Details]

2010Bowrey K, Handler M, Nicol D, 'Australian Intellectual Property: Commentary, Law and Practice', Oxford University Press, Melbourne, pp. 794. ISBN 9780195569308 (2010) [Authored Other Book]

[eCite] [Details]

2010Nicol D, 'Patent Licensing in Medical Biotechnology in Australia: A Role for Collaborative Licensing Strategies', Centre for Law and Genetics, Hobart, pp. 76. (2010) [Authored Other Book]

[eCite] [Details]

2003Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Patents and Medical Biotechnology: An Empirical Analysis of Issues Facing the Australian Industry', Centre for Law and Genetics Occasional Paper No. 6, Hobart, pp. 1-276. (2003) [Authored Other Book]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2001Chalmers DRC, Weisbrot D, Injia S, Andrew W, Nicol D, 'Criminal Law and Practice of Papua New Guinea', Lawbook Company, Sydney, pp. 700. ISBN 0-455-21802-1 (2001) [Revision/New Edition]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

Chapter in Book

(16 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2016Nicol D, 'Myriad Genetics and the remaining uncertainty for biotechnology inventions', Intellectual Property and Genetically Modified Organisms: A Convergence in Laws, Routledge, C Lawson, B Charnley (ed), United Kingdom, pp. 123-142. ISBN 9781472443458 (2016) [Research Book Chapter]

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2015Nicol D, 'Myriad Genetics and the remaining uncertainty for biotechnology inventions', Intellectual Property and Genetically Modified Organisms : A Convergence in Laws, Ashgate, Lawson, C and Charnley, B (ed), United Kingdom, pp. 123-142. ISBN 978-1-4724-4345-8 (2015) [Research Book Chapter]

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2014Nicol D, Chalmers D, McWhirter R, Dickinson J, 'Impressions on the Body, Property and Research', Persons, Parts and Property: How Should We Regulate Human Tissue in the 21st Century?, Hart Publishing Ltd, I Goold, K Greasley, J Herring, L Skene (ed), United Kingdom, pp. 9-23. ISBN 978-1849465465 (2014) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers D; McWhirter R; Dickinson J

2014Van Zimmerman E, Nicol D, Gold R, Carbone J, Chandrasekharan S, et al., 'The BRCA patent controversies: an international review of patent disputes', Breast Cancer Gene Research and Medical Practices: Transnational perspectives in the time of BRCA, Routledge, Sahra Gibbon, Galen Joseph, Jessica Mozersky, Andrea zur Nieden and Sonja Palfner (ed), United States, pp. 151-174. ISBN 978-0415-82406-4 (2014) [Research Book Chapter]

DOI: 10.4324/9780203385517 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

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2013Gold ER, Nicol D, 'Beyond Open Source: Patents, Biobanks and Sharing', Comparative Issues in the Governance of Research Biobanks, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, G, Pascuzzi, U, Izzo, M, Macilotti (ed), Berlin, pp. 191-208. ISBN 9783642331152 (2013) [Research Book Chapter]

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2013Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, 'The Regulatory Framework for Protection of Genetic Privacy in Australia', Genetic Privacy: An Evaluation of the Ethical and Legal Landscape, Imperial College Press, Terry Sheung-Hung Kaan and Calvin Wai-Loon Ho (ed), London, pp. 283-321. ISBN 9781783263059 (2013) [Research Book Chapter]

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Co-authors: Otlowski MFA

2012Nicol D, Gold R, 'Standards for biobank access and intellectual property', Intellectual Property and Emerging Technologies - The New Biology, Edward Elgar Publishing, M Rimmer and A McLennan (ed), Cheltenham, pp. 133-157. ISBN 9781849802468 (2012) [Research Book Chapter]

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2011Nicol D, 'Are the Courts Solving the Emerging Challenges of Biotech Patents?', Emerging Challenges in Intellectual Property, Oxford University Press, K Bowrey, M Handler, D Nicol (ed), Melbourne, pp. 145-163. ISBN 9780195575125 (2011) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2011Romeo-Malanda S, Nicol D, Otlowski M, 'Genetic testing and protection of genetic privacy: A comparative legal analysis in Europe and Australia', Genomics and Bioethics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Technologies and Advancements, IGI Global, S Hongladarom (ed), Hershey, PA, USA, pp. 235-255. ISBN 978-1-61692-883-4 (2011) [Research Book Chapter]

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-883-4.ch016 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1

Co-authors: Otlowski M

Tweet

2010Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Opening the dam: patent pools, innovation and access to essential medicines', Incentives for Global Public Health: Patent Law and Access to Essential Medicines , Cambridge University Press, T Pogge, M Rimmer, and K Rubenstein (ed), Cambridge, pp. 235-262 . ISBN 9780521116565 (2010) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2009Nicol D, 'Strong patent rights, weak patent standards and innovation in biomedicine', Intellectual Property Policy Reform, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, C Arup & W van Caenegem (ed), Cheltenham, pp. 55-79. ISBN 9781848441637 (2009) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2009Nicol D, Critchley CR, 'What Benefit Sharing Arrangements do People Want from Biobanks? A Survey of Public Opinion in Australia', Principles and Practice in Biobank Governance, Ashgate, Kaye, Jane and Stranger, Mark (ed), Farnham, pp. 17-32. ISBN 9780754678250 (2009) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2008Hope J, Nicol D, Braithwaite J, 'Regulatory Capitalism, Business Models and the Knowledge Economy', Regulatory Capitalism: How it Works, Ideas for Making it Work Better, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, John Braithwaite (ed), UK, pp. 109-139. ISBN 9781847200020 (2008) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2007Nicol D, 'Biomedical Patents: Innovation and Access, Trust and Mistrust', Human Biotechnology & Public Trust: Trends, Perceptions and Regulation, Centre for Law and Genetics, Mark Stranger (ed), Hobart, pp. 47-63. ISBN 978-0-646-48478-5 (2007) [Other Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Nicol D, 'Genetic Research and Commercialisation', Disputes and Dilemmas in Health Law, Federation Press, Ian Freckelton and Kerry Petersen (ed), Sydney, pp. 259-276. ISBN 1-86287-553-7 (2006) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2004Nicol D, 'Cross Cultural Issues in Balancing Patent Rights and Consumer Access to Biotechnological and Pharmaceutical Inventions', Cross-Cultural Biotechnology, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Michael C. Brannigan (ed), Maryland, pp. 155-164. ISBN 0-7425-3267-4 (2004) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

Review

(2 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2005Nicol D, 'Patents', Halsbury's Laws of Australia, 15, (284) pp. 440,315-440,934. (2005) [Review Several Works]

[eCite] [Details]

2004Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, 'Review Article: Lisa Parker and Rachel Ankeny (eds), Mutating Concepts, Evolving Disciplines: Genetics, Medicine and Society', Monash Bioethics Review, 23, (1) pp. 37-44. (2004) [Review Single Work]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA

Conference Publication

(10 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2007Nicol D, 'Biomedical Patents: Innovation and Access, Trust and Mistrust', Human Biotechnology & Public Trust - Trends, Perceptions and Regulation, November 2006, Melbourne, pp. 47-63. ISBN 978-0-646-48478-5 (2007) [Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Nicol D, 'Cooperative Intellectual Property Strategies in Biotechnology', UNSW Law Faculty, 10-11 July 2006, Sydney, pp. 10. (2006) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Nicol D, 'Co-operative IP and Open Source Biotechnology Projects in Australia', Human Genetics Licensing Symposium, 20-21 March 2006, Canada, pp. 36-39. ISBN 978-0-662-44726-9 (2006) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Otlowski MFA, Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, Stranger MJA, 'Protecting Human Genetic Information in Australia: Processes and Outcomes for Public Consultation', Genomics and Society, 20-21 April, The Netherlands, pp. p.21. (2006) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC; Stranger MJA

2002Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, Gogarty B, 'Embryo and Stem Cell Research - Australian Developments in Regulation', Embryo and Stem Cell Research - Australian Developments in Regulation, 9-11 December 2002, South Korea, pp. 1-84. (2002) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Gogarty B

2002Nicol D, 'Patents and Access to Drugs', Centre for Law and Genetics Occasional Paper No. 4, 10 December 2001, Hobart, pp. 52-64. ISSN 1445-2766 (2002) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

2002Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Trends in Australian Owned Biotechnology Patent Licensing and Issues for Patent and Competition Law Development', AusBiotech 2002, 18-21 August 2002, Melbourne, pp. 76. (2002) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2001Nicol D, 'Tissue Donations and Patents', Regulating Human Genetics: A Symposium, November 2000, Hobart, pp. 43-58. ISSN 1445-2766 (2001) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

1996Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Current Regulation of Human Genetic Research in Australia', Doing the Decent Thing with Genes, Turku, Finland, pp. 82-145. (1996) [Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

1995Chalmers DRC, Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Skene L, 'Legal Aspects of the Human Genome Project', Australasian Law Teachers' Association Conference. Proceedings of the 49th Conference, Hobart, pp. 1162-1169. (1995) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA

Contract Report, Consultant's Report

(28 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2014Nicol D, Liddicoat JE, 'response to the IP Australia Patentable Subject Matter Consultation Paper on an Objects Clause and Exclusion from Patentability', IP Australia (2014) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Liddicoat JE

2014Nicol D, Nielsen JL, Liddicoat JE, Owoeye OA, 'Exposure Draft Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Bill 2014', IP Australia (2014) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL; Liddicoat JE; Owoeye OA

2013Harris T, Nicol D, Gruen N, 'Pharmaceutical Patents Review', Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra (2013) [Contract Report]

[eCite] [Details]

2012Nielsen JL, Nicol D, Liddicoat JE, 'Compulsory Licensing of Patents', The Productivity Commission (2012) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL; Liddicoat JE

2011Nicol D, Liddicoat JE, Nielsen JL, Mee BA, 'Inquiry into Patent Amendment (Human Genes and Biological Materials) Bill 2010', Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, 1 (2011) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Liddicoat JE; Nielsen JL; Mee BA

2011Nicol D, Liddicoat JE, 'Exposure Draft Intellectual Property Laws Amendment (Raising the Bar) Bill 2011', IP Australia, 1 (2011) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Liddicoat JE

2010Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Implementing the TRIPS Protocol', IP Australia (2010) [Contract Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2009Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Patentable Subject Matter Options Paper', Centre for Law & Genetics, University of Tasmania (2009) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2009Nicol D, 'Getting the Balance Right: Towards a Stronger and More Efficient IP Rights System', Centre for Law & Genetics, University of Tasmania (2009) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

2009Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Inquiry into Gene Patents', Centre for Law & Genetics, University of Tasmania (2009) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2009Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Chalmers DRC, 'Non-Consensual Genetic Testing', Model Criminal Law Officers' Committee of the Standing Committee of Attorneys-General, 1 (2009) [Contract Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

2009Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Exemptions to Patent Infringement', Centre for Law & Genetics, University of Tasmania (2009) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2008Nicol D, Chalmers DRC, Otlowski MFA, Stranger MJA, 'Submission to the OECD on the Draft Guidelines for Human Biobanks and Genetic Research Databases', OECD, May 2008 (2008) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA; Stranger MJA

2008Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Patentable Subject Matter Issue Paper', Advisory Council on Intellectual Property (2008) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2007Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Chalmers DRC, 'Review of Privacy in Response to Issue Paper 31', Australian Law Reform Commission (2007) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

2007Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Chalmers DRC, 'Review of Privacy in Response to Discussion Paper 72', Australian Law Reform Commission, December 2007 (2007) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

2006Chalmers DRC, Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Skene L, Stranger MJA, 'Submission: Review of the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Research - Second Consultation', Australian Government, National Health and Medical Research Council, 2nd Consultation (2006) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA; Stranger MJA

2006Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Stranger MJA, 'Submission on the Review of the Tasmanian Human Genetic Research Regulation Act 2003 and the Human Cloning and other Prohibited Practices Act 2003 Issues Paper', Tasmanian Government (2006) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Stranger MJA

2006Nicol D, Chalmers DRC, 'Submission on Tasmanian Biotechnology Strategy: Issues and Discussion Paper', Tasmanian Government, 1 (2006) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC

2005Chalmers DRC, Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Skene L, 'Submission on the Review of the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Research Involving Humans: First Consultation Draft', NHMRC (2005) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA

2005Otlowski MFA, Chalmers DRC, Skene L, Nicol D, 'Submission on the Inquiry into the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth)', Senate Reference Committee (2005) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

2004Davis J, Nicol D, 'Submission to the Tasmanian Department of Justice on the State/Territory Proposal for Uniform Defamation Laws on behalf of the Tasmanian Law Reform Institute', Government of Tasmania (2004) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Davis J

2004Nicol D, Nielsen JL, 'Submission to the Advisory Council on Intellectual Property Inquiry Patents and Experimental Use', Advisory Council on Intellectual Property (2004) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL

2004Nicol D, Nielsen JL, Chalmers DRC, Griggs LD, 'Submission on the Australian Law Reform Commission Inquiry - Gene Patenting and Human Health', Australian Law Reform Commission (2004) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL; Chalmers DRC; Griggs LD

2004Nicol D, Nielsen JL, Chalmers DRC, Griggs LD, 'Supplementary Submission to the Australian Law Reform Commission Public Inquiry - Gene Patenting and Human Health', Australian Law Reform Commission (2004) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Nielsen JL; Chalmers DRC; Griggs LD

2003Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, 'Submission to the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council on the National Health Privacy Code (Draft) Consultation Paper', Australian Health Minister's Advisory Council (2003) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA

2002Otlowski MFA, Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Submission to the Inquiry into the Protection of Human Genetic Information Issues Paper', Australian Law Reform Commission and Australian Health Ethics Committee (2002) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

2002Otlowski MFA, Chalmers DRC, Nicol D, 'Submission to the Inquiry into the Protection of Human Genetic Information', Australian Law Reform Commission and Australian Health Ethics Committee , Discussion Paper (2002) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Chalmers DRC

Other Public Output

(2 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2015Nicol D, 'Legitimacy of patenting genes - after thirty years do we have a definitive answer?', Rouche Institute website, Rouche Institute website, Australia (2015) [Magazine Article]

[eCite] [Details]

2010Otlowski MFA, Nicol D, Stranger MJA, 'Biobanks', Information Paper, National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia, pp. 1-85. (2010) [Government or Industry Research]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Otlowski MFA; Stranger MJA

Grants & Funding

Together, Dianne and her colleagues at the Centre for Law and Genetics have a very successful history of securing grants with the Australian Research Council. They have achieved an overall success rate of 90% through the ARC's Discovery Project funding (ie 9 out of 10 applications). Aside from a one-year gap in 1998, the Centre for Law and Genetics team have been funded continuously since 1995. They have also held an ARC Linkage International research grant and have had success with NHMRC funding. The Centre's team played a significant role in the 2012 ERA 4 ranking for the law discipline at the University of Tasmania.

Funding Summary

Number of grants

13

Total funding

$2,847,087

Projects

Material Transfer Agreements and Open Science in the Genome Era (2014 - 2016)$294,776
Description
Research paradigms are changing rapidly in the Genome Era. Open access databases are increasingly popular and are required by public funding agencies. The role of material transfer agreements (MTAs) in this open access era is not clear. This project aims to assess the extent to which MTAs facilitate exchanges of biological materials between organizations in Australia and internationally. The project will assess whether MTAs are reflecting the open data access movement or maintaining traditional closed proprietary practices. The project will make policy, ethical and legal recommendations for the development of MTAs to promote exchange of materials nationally and internationally and to facilitate the developing collaborative research culture.
Funding
Australian Research Council ($294,776)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Nicol D; Chalmers DRC
Period
2014 - 2016
Grant Reference
DP140100301
Ensuring the utility and sustainability of tissue banks: Supporting translational research in Australia through informed regulation and community engagement (2012 - 2014)$437,215
Funding
National Health & Medical Research Council ($437,215)
Scheme
Grant-Project
Administered By
National Health & Medical Research Council
Research Team
Kerridge I; Stewart C; Marlton P; Otlowski MFA; Nicol D; Critchley C
Period
2012 - 2014
Grant Reference
1029929
The Age of Personalized Medicine: Regulatory Challenges for Australia (2011 - 2014)$281,000
Description
New genetic technologies create the potential for personalized therapies and direct- to-consumer genetic tests. Changes to clinical trials and increased reliance on biobanks and data linkage by commercial entities are predicted. These developments demand ethical, regulatory and social scrutiny. This project will: create a map of personalized medicine in Australia; identify ethical, regulatory and social challenges; assess benefit sharing and public trust issues; evaluate and make recommendations on regulatory and governance measures needed to ensure best practice and highest ethical standards. This will help create better regulatory and governance environments for facilitating responsible research and clinical service delivery in Australia.
Funding
Australian Research Council ($281,000)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Nicol D; Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA; Critchley C
Period
2011 - 2014
Grant Reference
DP110100694
The Innovation Pool in Australian Biotechnology: Assessing Optimal Strategies for Fostering Innovation through Patenting and Patent Pooling (2009 - 2012)$412,000
Description
The Australian biotechnology industry is characterised by many small players that use patents to manage commercialisation of their research. A side effect in such industries that build on complementary innovation is the fragmentation of rights. This can increase transaction and coordination costs and slow or stifle innovation. Patent pooling is a potential tool to free up inherent problems in traditional patent management, but there is a risk of anti-competitive conduct. We propose to: assess how the current Australian biotechnology industry is working; examine whether patent pooling is a feasible/desirable option; and make recommendations regarding the need for regulatory changes to increase benefits and reduce costs of patent management.
Funding
Australian Research Council ($412,000)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Nicol D; Nielsen JL; Critchley C
Period
2009 - 2012
Grant Reference
DP0985077
An Information Paper on the Management and Governance of Biobanks in Australia (2008)$49,090
Funding
National Health & Medical Research Council ($49,090)
Scheme
Consultancy
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Otlowski MFA; Nicol D; Stranger MJA
Year
2008
Expand the Capacity of an International Multidisciplinary Research Network Focussed on the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Emerging Biotechnologies (2006 - 2007)$20,000
Funding
Australian Research Council ($20,000)
Scheme
Grant-Linkage International
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Chalmers DRC; Nicol D; Otlowski MFA; Skene L; Stranger MJA; Knoppers B; Webster A; Yoon Jeong-Ro
Period
2006 - 2007
Grant Reference
LX0668594
Facilitation and Regulation of Research and Development Involving Human Genetic Databanks (2005 - 2009)$602,597
Funding
Australian Research Council ($602,597)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Chalmers DRC; Nicol D; Otlowski MFA; Skene L
Period
2005 - 2009
Grant Reference
DP0559760
Co-operative IP Management and Technology Transfer in the Australian Biotechnology Industry (2005 - 2007)$331,586
Funding
Australian Research Council ($331,586)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
Australian National University
Research Team
Hope J; Nicol D; Braithwaite John
Period
2005 - 2007
Grant Reference
DP0557608
Review of Education and Training Grants Program (2004)$5,500
Funding
Royal Hobart Hospital ($5,500)
Scheme
Consultancy
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Nicol D
Year
2004
Developing a Multidisciplinary International Research Network Focussed on Maximizing the Social and Health Benefits to Australia of Human Genetic Technologies (2003)$10,000
Funding
Australian Research Council ($10,000)
Scheme
Grant-SRI Seed Funding for Research Networks
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Chalmers DRC; Otlowski MFA; Nicol D; Stranger MJA
Year
2003
Grant Reference
SR0354765
Legal and Ethical Regulation of the Use and Commercialisation of Human Biological Material (2002 - 2004)$364,323
Funding
Australian Research Council ($364,323)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Chalmers DRC; Nicol D; Skene L; Otlowski MFA
Period
2002 - 2004
Grant Reference
DP0208258
Biotechnology Patent Licensing in Australia: A Preliminary Study (2002)$20,000
Funding
University of Tasmania ($20,000)
Scheme
Grant-Institutional Research Scheme
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Nicol D
Year
2002
Morphology and Connectivity of Neurons within the Central Nervous System in the Larva of the Ascidian Ciona Intestinalis, using Serial Electron Microsco (1991)$19,000
Funding
Australian Research Council ($19,000)
Scheme
Grant-Small
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Nicol D
Year
1991

Research Supervision

Dianne welcomes bright and enthusiastic scholars to join her research team. She currently supervises six postgraduate students, who are engaged in research projects in areas of the law ranging from intellectual property to consumer protection and regulation of dog breeding. In general, the overarching theme of their research is the relationship between law and technology. The broad research question that they are asking is: how do we ensure that the law is sufficiently agile and adaptive to deal with new technological developments? Although Dianne's particular focus is on human genomics and biotechnology, she is willing to consider applications from students who have an interest in other emergent technologies.

Dianne's students generally complete on time and go on to careers in academia (50% of her past postgraduates) or legal practice (30% of past students).

Current

9

Completed

12

Current

DegreeTitleCommenced
PhDDog Breeding in Australia: A Case Study in Compliance and the Role of Regulation in Ensuring Genetic Canine Health2012
PhDRegulatory Requirements for Consumer Protection in Direct to Consumer Genetic Testing2012
PhDA Basic Economic Case for Reordering the Patent Market with Gain-based Remedies2013
MastersSub-Saharan Hunger as an Emerging Intellectual Property Right of Corporations in Developed Countries: Law and economics of options in policy and regulation on biotechnological patents and right to development2013
PhDOpen Source Licensing and the Genomic Research Commons2015
PhDAn Analysis of the Thorny Issues Within the Process of Drafting Know-How Licence Agreements for University/Biotechnology Purposes2016
PhDAustralian Designs Law and Virtual Designs2016
PhDPatenting Bioprinting: An ethical dilemma in the provision of accessible health technologies2016
PhDUsing TRIPS Flexibilities to Boost Regional Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Capacity and Access to Medicines in the East African Community2016

Completed

DegreeTitleCompleted
PhDBoundaries of Patent Infringement Law
Candidate: Johnathon Edward Liddicoat
2016
PhDUsing Wastewater Analysis to Measure the Prevalence of Prison Drug Use and the Effectiveness of Prison Drug Use Supply Reduction Strategies
Candidate: Emma Louise van Dyken
2015
PhDPatents for Pharmaceuticals and Access to Affordable Medicines: Towards an All-Encompassing Access Paradigm for Africa
Candidate: Olasupo Ayodeji Owoeye
2014
PhDA Comparative Analysis of the Medico-legal and Ethical Issues Associated with Embryonic Stem Cell Research in Australia and Malaysia
Candidate: Chee Kuen Foong
2012
PhDDissecting the Software Patent Problem: An Argument Against Patentability based on the Relationship between Software and Mathematics
Candidate: Anton Robert Hughes
2012
MastersA Critical Analysis of EC - Biotech: The Panel's Approach to Other Rules of International Law and the Application of the SPS Agreement
Candidate: Bruce Newey
2009
MastersAn Historical and Contemporaneous Analysis of Patenting of Methods of Medical Treatment of Human Beings in Australia and Overseas
Candidate: Oksana Mitnovetski
2008
PhDVaulting Ambition: The Case Against Universal Criminal Jurisdiction
Candidate: Jennifer Dorothy Mora
2008
PhDGroup Resource Rights and the Protection of Indigenous Knowledge Systems in International Law
Candidate: Collins Chito Okpanum
2007
PhDGene Technology, Risk, Regulation and Communication
Candidate: Brendan Leo Gogarty
2006
PhDMapping the Intersection of Intellectual Property and Competition Law: Misusing Market Power when Refusing to License Biomedical Patents
Candidate: Jane Louise Nielsen
2005
PhDA Twitch upon a Thread: Regulation of Human Tissue use in Australia and the Application of Property Law
Candidate: Imogen Louise Goold
2005