Profiles

Fred Gale

UTAS Home Associate Professor Fred Gale

Fred Gale

Associate Professor in Politics and International Relations Program

Room L113, Arts Building, Newnham Campus

+61 3 6324 3376 (phone)

+61 3 6324 3652 (fax)

Fred.Gale@utas.edu.au

Associate Professor Fred Gale's research focuses on the development of a political economy of sustainability and its application in specific contexts. He has undertaken investigations into local, national and global private governance systems, especially those utilising multistakeholder approaches to develop social and environmental standards. His sectoral expertise is in forestry, fisheries and egg certification and labelling systems. He is currently a coordinator of the Institute for the Study of Social Change's Sustainable Food Systems Flagship, which is researching the sustainable consumption and production of food in the Tasmanian context.

Career summary

Qualifications

DegreeTitle of ThesisUniversityCountryAwarded
PhDThe Ecological Political Economy of Global Environmental Cooperation: A Case Study of the International Tropical Timber Organization in the Making of the Tropical Timber Trade RegimeCarleton UniversityCanada1996
MAProject Evaluation in Five Canadian International Development Service AgenciesCarelton UniversityCanada1987
BA Trinity College Dublin Ireland1976

Languages (other than English)

French (basic)

Italian (basic)

Biography

Associate Professor Gale undertook a BA in English, Philosophy and Psychology at Trinity College Dublin and then worked in the field of International Development with Voluntary Services Overseas, the Agency for Personal Services Overseas, and the United Nations World Food Program before undertaking a PhD in Political Science at Carleton University Ottawa in the 1990s. He completed his PhD dissertation on the International Tropical Timber Organisation in 1996 and subsequently held positions as Research Associate (Eco-Research Chair of Environmental Policy and Law) and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Post-Doctoral Fellow (Department of Political Science), both at the University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. In 2000, he took up a position at the University of Tasmania, Launceston where he teaches and conducts research in the Discipline of Politics and International Relations, School of Social Sciences.

Research Themes

Associate Professor Gale's research aligns with the University's research theme of Environment, Resources and Sustainability. His major research interest currently is the development of a political economy of sustainability to reconstruct our understanding of trade, investment, property rights and taxation from a sustainability perspective. This work is building on recent research on value theory and specifically on the need for political economy to abandon value monism in favour of value pluralism.

In pursuing this new research topic, Fred is building on previous extensive research into the political economy of deforestation and degradation in both tropical and temperate forestry contexts where he has undertaken critical investigations into the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO)'s efforts to promote sustainable forest management and the former Gunns Ltd's plans to establish a pulp mill in Northern Tasmania's Tamar Valley.

Another research focus informing his work on the political economy of sustainability derives from his studies on governance theory and private governance initiatives at the national and global level utilising certification and labelling systems linked to social and environmental standards. Fred has carried out extensive research into the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), as well as schemes such as Responsible Care, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and Fair Trade.

In conducting research, Fred uses qualitative social science methods, especially literature review, conceptual analysis, theoretical critique often coupled with key informant interviews with experts in specific fields. In collaboration with colleagues in Canada and the UKI, he co-developed a three dimensional approach to governance that enables governance arrangements to be mapped and compared across their political, institution and regulatory aspects. This approach has proved to be especially useful in comparing and contrasting private governance arrangements in forestry and egg production where he has compared the FSC with the Australian Forestry Standard (AFS) and the various egg production labelling schemes operating in Australia such as Egg Corp Assured, RSPCA's Approved Farming Scheme and Humane Choice.

Memberships

Committee associations

  • Australian Political Studies Association (APSA)
  • International Studies Association (ISA)
  • Australia New Zealand Society for Ecological Economics (ANZSEE)
  • Australian International Political Economy Network (AIPEN)

Other

Member, Steering Committee, UTAS Institute for the Study of Social Change (ISSC);

Coordinator, ISC Flagship on Sustainable Food Systems;

Administrative expertise

University administration (including Assistant Dean of Research and Deputy Head);

Project management (including organising overseas evaluation missions for the UN's World Food Program);

Research management (including managing ARC Discovery grants and Category 1 grants).

Teaching

• Sustainability • Governance • Political economy • International Relations • Global environmental governance • International development • Third World issues • Comparative politics

Teaching expertise

Experienced Honours, MA and PhD supervisor

Teaching experience in

  • Global environmental politics and sustainability
  • Global political economy
  • Third World development

Teaching responsibility

HIR 404 Globalisation, Development and Sustainability (http://www.utas.edu.au/courses/art/units/hir404-globalisation,-development,-sustainability)

HPP 2/308 Sustainability Governance: Politics, Policies and Practices (http://www.utas.edu.au/courses/art/units/hpp208-sustainability-governance-politics,-policy,-practice)

HIR 2/309 Third World Development Politics (http://www.utas.edu.au/courses/art/units/hir209-third-world-development-politics)

HIR 101: Introduction to International Relations (Launceston and Distance) (http://www.utas.edu.au/courses/art/units/hir101-introduction-to-international-relations)

View more on AssocProf Fred Gale in WARP

Expertise

  • Private governance of commodities using certification and labelling schemes;
  • Forestry policy
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SCP)
  • Critical political economy

Collaboration

Fred has been involved in several research collaborations with international teams in Canada and the United States. These include:

  • Paying their fair share, with collaborators in Australia, North America and Europe;
  • New governance theory, with collaborators in North America and Europe; and
  • Forest certification in developing countries, with collaborators in the United States; and
  • Forest certification and governance, with collaborators in Canada

Current projects

  • Hen welfare and science, Australian Egg Corporation Limited, 2015 (in progress);
  • Sustainable food systems, Institute for the Study of Social Change (in progress);
  • Environmental sensors and new financial markets, Sense-T (in progress);
  • Certification and labelling in the Australian egg industry (completed);
  • New governance: a three dimensional approach, SSHRC grant (completed);
  • State responses to forestry and fisheries certification, ARC Discovery grant (completed);

Fields of Research

  • Environmental Politics (160605)
  • Environment Policy (160507)
  • Comparative Government and Politics (160603)

Research Objectives

  • Consumption Patterns, Population Issues and the Environment (960702)
  • Trade and Environment (960707)
  • Political Systems (940203)

Publications

Major publications over the past decade include books and articles on forestry and fisheries certification and labelling schemes and new governance arrangement. Well cited books including my 2006 edited book (with Cashore, Meidinger & Newsom) that investigated certification and labelling in developing countries, then a very under-research area. In 2008, I published a research monograph on the Forest Steward Council (with Tollefson and Haley) that examined in detail FSC's progress for standards development via a case study of British Columbia. And in 2011, I published a major text (with Marcus Haward) comparing state responses to forestry and fisheries certification in Australia, Canada and the UK. I have published numerous articles in international journals including Public AdministrationSociety & Natural Resources,Global PolicyEnvironmental Politics and Ecological Economics.

Total publications

74

Highlighted publications

(19 outputs)
YearTypeCitationAltmetrics
2014Journal ArticleGale F, 'Four Models of Interest Mediation in Global Environmental Governance', Global Policy, 5, (1) pp. 10-22. ISSN 1758-5880 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/1758-5899.12105 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2

Tweet

2014Journal ArticleGale F, Cadman T, 'Whose Norms Prevail? Policy Networks, International Organizations, and 'Sustainable Forest Management'', Society and Natural Resources, 27, (2) pp. 170-184. ISSN 0894-1920 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2013.840875 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 6Web of Science - 7

Tweet

2013Journal ArticleGale F, 'When interests trump institutions: Tasmania's forest policy network and the Bell Bay pulp mill', Environmental Politics, 22, (2) pp. 274-292. ISSN 0964-4016 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2012.683150 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2

Tweet

2012Journal ArticleCraik N, Doelle M, Gale F, 'Governing information: a three dimensional analysis of environmental assessment', Public Administration, 90, (1) pp. 19-36. ISSN 0033-3298 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9299.2011.02002.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4

Tweet

2012Journal ArticleTollefson C, Zito AR, Gale F, 'Symposium overview: conceptualizing new governance arrangements', Public Administration, 90, (1) pp. 3-18. ISSN 0033-3298 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9299.2011.02003.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 24Web of Science - 20

Tweet

2011BookGale F, Haward M, 'Global Commodity Governance: State Responses to Sustainable Forest and Fisheries Certification', Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire, pp. 315. ISBN 9780230516632 (2011) [Authored Research Book]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Haward M

2008Journal ArticleGale F, 'Tasmania's Tamar Valley pulp mill: a comparison of planning processes using a good environmental governance framework', Australian Journal of Public Administration, 67, (3) pp. 261-282. ISSN 0313-6647 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8500.2008.00586.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 10Web of Science - 8

Tweet

2008BookTollefson C, Gale F, Haley D, 'Setting the standard: certification, governance and the Forest Stewarship Council', UBC Press, Vancouver, pp. 387. ISBN 978-0-7748-1437-9 (2008) [Authored Research Book]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Journal ArticleCashore B, Gale F, Meidinger E, Newsom D, 'Forest certification in developing and transitioning countries: part of a sustainable future?', Environment, 48, (9) pp. 6-25. ISSN 0013-9157 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3200/ENVT.48.9.6-25 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 20Web of Science - 13

Tweet

2006BookCashore B, Gale F, Meidinger E, Newsom D, 'Confronting Sustainability: Forest Certification in Developing and Transitioning Countries', Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Connecticut, pp. 605. ISBN 0-9707882-5-8 (2006) [Edited Book]

[eCite] [Details]

2004Journal ArticleGale F, 'The Consultation Dilemma in Private Regulatory Regimes: Negotiating FSC Regional Standards in the United States and Canada', Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 6, (1) pp. 57-84. ISSN 1523-908X (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/1523908042000259686 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 11

Tweet

2002Chapter in BookGale F, 'Caveat Certificatum: The Case of Forest Certification', Confronting Consumption, MIT Press, T Princen, M Maniates and K Conca (ed), Massachusetts, pp. 275-299. ISBN 0-262-16208-3 (2002) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2000Journal ArticleGale F, 'Economic specialization versus ecological diversification: the trade policy implications of taking the ecosystem approach seriously', Ecological Economics, 34, (3) pp. 285-292. ISSN 0921-8009 (2000) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00181-6 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 16Web of Science - 14

Tweet

1998Journal ArticleBurda C, Gale F, 'Trading in the Future: British Columbia's Forest Products Compromise', Society and Natural Resources, 11, (6) pp. 555-568. ISSN 0894-1920 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/08941929809381102 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 7Web of Science - 7

Tweet

1998Journal ArticleGale F, 'Cave 'Cave! Hic dragones': a neo-Gramscian deconstruction and reconstruction of international regime theory', Review of International Political Economy, 5, (2) pp. 252-283. ISSN 0969-2290 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/096922998347561 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 18Web of Science - 14

Tweet

1998Journal ArticleGale F, 'Constructing Global Civil Society Actors: An Anatomy of the Environmental Coalition Contesting the Tropical Timber Trade Regime', Global Society, 12, (3) pp. 343-361. ISSN 1360-0826 (1998) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

1998Journal ArticleGale F, 'Theorizing Power in Ecological Economics', Ecological Economics, 27, (2) pp. 131-138. ISSN 0921-8009 (1998) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 19

1998BookGale F, 'The Tropical Timber Trade Regime', St Martin's Press, New York, pp. 287. ISBN 0-312-21317-4 (1998) [Authored Research Book]

[eCite] [Details]

1996Journal ArticleGale F, 'The Mysterious Case of the Disappearing Environmentalists: The International Tropical Timber Organization', Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, 7, (3) pp. 103-118. ISSN 1045-5752 (1996) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Journal Article

(25 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2017Gale F, Ascui F, Lovell H, 'Sensing reality? New monitoring technologies for global sustainability standards', Global Environmental Politics, 17, (2) pp. 65-83. ISSN 1526-3800 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1162/GLEP_a_00401 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Ascui F; Lovell H

Tweet

2017Gale F, Baker T, 'Conceptualising code complexes': A case study of harvesting-related codes applying to forest operations in Tasmania, Australia', Forest Policy and Economics, 81 pp. 57-64. ISSN 1389-9341 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2017.05.002 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Baker T

Tweet

2017Mather CA, Gale F, Cummings EA, 'Governing mobile technology use for continuing professional development in the Australian nursing profession', BMC Nursing, 16 pp. 1-11. ISSN 1472-6955 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1186/s12912-017-0212-8 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Mather CA; Cummings EA

Tweet

2015Gale F, Davison A, Wood G, Williams S, Towle N, 'Four impediments to embedding education for sustainability in higher education', Australian Journal of Environmental Education, 31, (2) pp. 248-263. ISSN 0814-0626 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1017/aee.2015.36 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2Web of Science - 3

Co-authors: Davison A; Wood G; Williams S; Towle N

Tweet

2014Gale F, 'Four Models of Interest Mediation in Global Environmental Governance', Global Policy, 5, (1) pp. 10-22. ISSN 1758-5880 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/1758-5899.12105 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2

Tweet

2014Gale F, 'Australian Forest governance: a comparrison of two certification schemes', Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, 21, (4) pp. 396-412. ISSN 1448-6563 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/14486563.2014.944591 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1

Tweet

2014Gale F, Cadman T, 'Whose Norms Prevail? Policy Networks, International Organizations, and 'Sustainable Forest Management'', Society and Natural Resources, 27, (2) pp. 170-184. ISSN 0894-1920 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2013.840875 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 6Web of Science - 7

Tweet

2013Gale F, 'When interests trump institutions: Tasmania's forest policy network and the Bell Bay pulp mill', Environmental Politics, 22, (2) pp. 274-292. ISSN 0964-4016 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2012.683150 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2

Tweet

2012Craik N, Doelle M, Gale F, 'Governing information: a three dimensional analysis of environmental assessment', Public Administration, 90, (1) pp. 19-36. ISSN 0033-3298 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9299.2011.02002.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4

Tweet

2012Tollefson C, Zito AR, Gale F, 'Public Administration', 90, (1) ISSN 0033-3298 (2012) [Edited Journal]

[eCite] [Details]

2012Tollefson C, Zito AR, Gale F, 'Symposium overview: conceptualizing new governance arrangements', Public Administration, 90, (1) pp. 3-18. ISSN 0033-3298 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9299.2011.02003.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 24Web of Science - 20

Tweet

2008Gale F, 'Tasmania's Tamar Valley pulp mill: a comparison of planning processes using a good environmental governance framework', Australian Journal of Public Administration, 67, (3) pp. 261-282. ISSN 0313-6647 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8500.2008.00586.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 10Web of Science - 8

Tweet

2006Cashore B, Gale F, Meidinger E, Newsom D, 'Forest certification in developing and transitioning countries: part of a sustainable future?', Environment, 48, (9) pp. 6-25. ISSN 0013-9157 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3200/ENVT.48.9.6-25 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 20Web of Science - 13

Tweet

2006Gale R, Gale F, 'Accounting for social impacts and costs in the forest industry, British Columbia', Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 26, (2) pp. 139-155. ISSN 0195-9255 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2005.02.002 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 6

Tweet

2004Bellinger SE, Gale F, 'Models of Community Forestry', Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, 11, (1) pp. 65-77. ISSN 1448-6563 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/14486563.2004.10648599 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1

Co-authors: Bellinger SE

Tweet

2004Gale F, 'The Consultation Dilemma in Private Regulatory Regimes: Negotiating FSC Regional Standards in the United States and Canada', Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 6, (1) pp. 57-84. ISSN 1523-908X (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/1523908042000259686 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 11

Tweet

2001Gale F, 'Whither the BC Forest Industry? A Review Essay', BC Studies, 130 pp. 105-109. ISSN 0005-2949 (2001) [Letter or Note in Journal]

[eCite] [Details]

2000Gale F, 'Economic specialization versus ecological diversification: the trade policy implications of taking the ecosystem approach seriously', Ecological Economics, 34, (3) pp. 285-292. ISSN 0921-8009 (2000) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00181-6 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 16Web of Science - 14

Tweet

1998Burda C, Gale F, 'Trading in the Future: British Columbia's Forest Products Compromise', Society and Natural Resources, 11, (6) pp. 555-568. ISSN 0894-1920 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/08941929809381102 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 7Web of Science - 7

Tweet

1998Burda C, Gale F, M'Gonigle M, 'Eco-Forestry Versus The State(us) Quo: Or Why Innovative Forestry is neither Contemplated nor Permitted within the State Structure of British Columbia', BC Studies, 119, (Autumn) pp. 45-72. ISSN 0005-2949 (1998) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

1998Gale F, 'Cave 'Cave! Hic dragones': a neo-Gramscian deconstruction and reconstruction of international regime theory', Review of International Political Economy, 5, (2) pp. 252-283. ISSN 0969-2290 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/096922998347561 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 18Web of Science - 14

Tweet

1998Gale F, 'Constructing Global Civil Society Actors: An Anatomy of the Environmental Coalition Contesting the Tropical Timber Trade Regime', Global Society, 12, (3) pp. 343-361. ISSN 1360-0826 (1998) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

1998Gale F, 'Theorizing Power in Ecological Economics', Ecological Economics, 27, (2) pp. 131-138. ISSN 0921-8009 (1998) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 19

1997Gale F, 'Multilateral Misgivings', Alternatives Journal, 23, (4) pp. 6-7. ISSN 1205-7398 (1997) [Letter or Note in Journal]

[eCite] [Details]

1996Gale F, 'The Mysterious Case of the Disappearing Environmentalists: The International Tropical Timber Organization', Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, 7, (3) pp. 103-118. ISSN 1045-5752 (1996) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Book

(6 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2011Gale F, 'Pulp Friction: A Review of the Environmental Assessment of Gunns' Proposed Tamar Valley Pulp Mill', Pencil Pines Press, Launceston, pp. 305. ISBN 9780646545783 (2011) [Edited Book]

[eCite] [Details]

2011Gale F, Haward M, 'Global Commodity Governance: State Responses to Sustainable Forest and Fisheries Certification', Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire, pp. 315. ISBN 9780230516632 (2011) [Authored Research Book]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Haward M

2008Tollefson C, Gale F, Haley D, 'Setting the standard: certification, governance and the Forest Stewarship Council', UBC Press, Vancouver, pp. 387. ISBN 978-0-7748-1437-9 (2008) [Authored Research Book]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Cashore B, Gale F, Meidinger E, Newsom D, 'Confronting Sustainability: Forest Certification in Developing and Transitioning Countries', Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Connecticut, pp. 605. ISBN 0-9707882-5-8 (2006) [Edited Book]

[eCite] [Details]

2000Gale F, M'Gonigle RM, 'Nature, Production, Power: towards an ecological political economy', Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 248. ISBN 1-84064-317-X (2000) [Edited Book]

[eCite] [Details]

1998Gale F, 'The Tropical Timber Trade Regime', St Martin's Press, New York, pp. 287. ISBN 0-312-21317-4 (1998) [Authored Research Book]

[eCite] [Details]

Chapter in Book

(14 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2013Gale F, 'A Cooling Climate for Negotiations: Intergovernmentalism and its limits', Climate Change and Global Policy Regimes : towards institutional legitimacy , Palgrave Macmillan, Timothy Cadman (ed), UK, pp. 32-47. ISBN 9781137006110 (2013) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2011Gale F, 'Planning Tasmania's Tamar Valley Pulp Mill: a Political Economic Analysis', Pulp Friction in Tasmania, Pencil Pine Press, FP Gale (ed), Launceston, pp. 57-78. ISBN 9780646545783 (2011) [Other Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2011Gale F, 'Hard Lessons from Soft Power: Global Environmental Governance and the Pulp Mill', Pulp Friction in Tasmania, Pencil Pine Press, FP Gale (ed), Launceston, pp. 305-322. ISBN 9780646545783 (2011) [Other Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Cashore B, Gale F, Meidinger E, Newsom D, 'Introduction: Forest Certification in Analytical and Historical Perspective', Confronting Sustainability: Forest Certification in Developing and Transitioning Countries, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, B Cashore, F Gale, E Meidinger and D Newsom (ed), Connecticut, pp. 7-23. ISBN 0-9707882-5-8 (2006) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2006Cashore B, Gale F, Meidinger E, Newsom D, 'Conclusion', Confronting Sustainability: Forest Certification in Developing and Transitioning Countries, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, B Cashore, F Gale, E Meidinger and D Newsom (ed), Connecticut, pp. 561-592. ISBN 0-9707882-5-8 (2006) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2006McDermott C, Maynard B, Gale F, Prasetyo FA, Bewang I, et al., 'Regional Overview: Forest Certification in the Asia-Pacific Region', Confronting Sustainability: Forest Certification in Developing and Transitioning Countries, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, B Cashore, F Gale, E Meidinger and D Newsom (ed), Connecticut, pp. 25-32. ISBN 0-9707882-5-8 (2006) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2003Gale F, 'Discourse and Southeast Asian Deforestation: A case study of the International Tropical Timber Organization', The Political Ecology of Tropical Forests in Southeast Asia: Historical Perspectives, Kyoto University Press and Trans Pacific Press, L Tuck-Po, W de Jong, A Ken-ichi (ed), Japan/Melbourne, pp. 236-264. ISBN 4-87698-453-0 (2003) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2002Gale F, 'Caveat Certificatum: The Case of Forest Certification', Confronting Consumption, MIT Press, T Princen, M Maniates and K Conca (ed), Massachusetts, pp. 275-299. ISBN 0-262-16208-3 (2002) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

2000Gale F, 'Regulating Accumulation, Guarding the Web: A Role for (Global) Civil Society', Nature, Production, Power: Towards an Ecological Political Economy, Edward Elgar, Fred P. Gale and R. Michael M'Gonigle (ed), Cheltenham, UK, pp. 195-214. ISBN 1-84064-317-X (2000) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

1999Gale F, 'Greening Ricardo: Toward a Theory of Selective Trade in an Era of Sustainable Globalisation', Gloabalisation and the Ecological Crisis, German Overseas Institute, W Hein and P Fuchs (ed), Hamburg, pp. 153-164. ISBN 3-926953-42-X (1999) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

1999Gale F, 'Greening Trade: The Next Round of GATT/WTO Negotiations', Green Cuba: Towards a Model of Sustainability for the 21st Century, Jose Marti Press, C Diaz (ed), Cuba, pp. 343-358. ISBN 959-09-0177-8 (1999) [Other Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

1999Gale F, 'The Greening of Political Economy: An Ecological Political Economic Approach to Production and Consumption', Green Cuba: Towards a Model of Sustainability for the 21st Century, Jose Marti Press, C Diaz (ed), Cuba, pp. 197-218. ISBN 959-09-0177-8 (1999) [Other Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

1998Gale F, 'Ecoforestry Bound: How International Trade Agreements Constrain the Adoption of an Ecosystem-Based Approach to Forest Management', The Wealth of Forests: Markets, Regulation and Sustainable Forestry, UBC Press , C Tollefson (ed), British Columbia, pp. 342-370. ISBN 0-7748-0682-6 (1998) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

1998Gale F, Burda C, 'The Pitfalls and Potential of Eco-Certification as a Market Incentive for Sustainable Forest Management', The Wealth of Forests: Markets, Regulation and Sustainable Forestry, UBC Press , C Tollefson (ed), British Columbia, pp. 278-296. ISBN 0-7748-0682-6 (1998) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

Conference Publication

(14 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2017Gale F, Vince JZ, Farmery A, 'Certification schemes in the Australian organic wine industry', 3rd International Conference on Public Policy (ICPP3), 28-30 June 2017, Singapore, pp. 1-25. (2017) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Vince JZ; Farmery A

2015Murphy-Gregory HL, Gale F, 'The Practice of Private Governance: Precedents from Other Policy Arenas', International Public Policy Conference, 1-4 July 2015, Millan, pp. 1-24. (2015) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Murphy-Gregory HL

2014Gale F, 'Policy instruments for sustainable consumption: a comparison of United Kingdom and Australian initiatives', Australia New Zealand Society for Ecological Economics 2013 Conference Proceedings, 11-14 November 2013, Canberra, pp. 189-205. ISBN 9781740883986 (2014) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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2014Gale F, 'On the Deep Unsustainability of Actually Existing Liberal Democracy', 2014 Australian Political Studies Association Annual Conference, 28 September-1 October, Sydney, pp. 1-19. (2014) [Refereed Conference Paper]

DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2440366 [eCite] [Details]

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2014Gale F, 'Global Democratic Corporatism: a Feasible System for Sustainable Earth Governance?', Earth Systems Governance Conference, 28-31 January 2013, Tokyo, Japan (2014) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

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2013Gale F, 'Private Governance Legitimacy: A Comparison of 'Input', 'Output' and 'Hybrid' Approaches', Australian Political Studies Association Conference 2013, 30 September - 2 October 2013, Perth, pp. 1-19. (2013) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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2010Gale F, 'The Schizophrenic State: Australia's response to sustainable forest and fisheries certification. ', APSA Conference 2010: Connected Globe Conflicting Worlds, 27-29 September, 2010, Melbourne University, Melbourne EJ ISBN 978-0-646-54270-6 (2010) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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2010Gale F, 'The Present Consequences of Past Deals: Clientelism, Forest Policy and Tasmania's Tamar Valley Pulp Mill', Refereed Papers, Public Policy Network Conference, 28-29 January, 2010, University of Tasmania, Hobart EJ (2010) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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2009Gale F, 'Planning versus power: Tasmania's forest policy network and Gunn's Tamar valley pulp mill', Australian Political Studies Association Annual Conference 2009, Refereed papers, 27-30 September, Macquarie University, Sydney EJ (2009) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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2008Gale F, 'Global Democratic Corporatism: Earth Governance Beyond States', Proceedings of the Third Oceanic Conference on International Studies, 2-4 July 2008, University of Queensland, Brisbane EJ (2008) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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2006Gale F, 'The Political Economy of Sustainable Development in the Asia-Pacific: Lessons the Forest Stewardship Council Experience', Proceedings of the Second Oceanic Conference on International Studies, 5-7 July 2006, Melbourne, pp. EJ17. (2006) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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2006Gale F, 'Regulating the Market in an Era of Globalisation: Global Governance via the Forest Stewardship Council', Proceedings of the Australasian Political Studies Association Conference, 25-27 September 2006, Newcastle, NSW, pp. EJ22. (2006) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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2004Gale F, Haward MG, 'Public accountability in private regulation: contrasting models of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)', Proceedings of the Australasian Political Studies Association Conference, 29 September-1 October 2004, Adelaide, South Australia EJ (2004) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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Co-authors: Haward MG

2002Gale F, 'The politicisation of market instruments for ecological sustainability: The case of Voluntary Forest Certification in Canada', Proceedings of the Australasian Political Studies Association Jubilee Conference, 2-4 October 2002, ANU, Canberra EJ (2002) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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Contract Report, Consultant's Report

(2 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2013Gale F, 'Certification and Labelling in the Australian Egg Industry', Australian Egg Corporation Limited, North Sydney, NSW, AECL Pub Num.1UT111A (2013) [Contract Report]

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1999Gale R, Gale F, Green T, 'Accounting for the Forests: A Methodological Critique of Price Waterhouse's Report The Forest Industry in British Columbia 1997', Sierra Club of British Columbia (1999) [Consultants Report]

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Other Public Output

(13 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2013Gale F, 'Sustainable development, a contested term'', The Tasmanian Leaders Group (2013) [Report Other]

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2013Gale F, 'Dumbonomics: why Tasmania doesn't need to be lectured by the rest of Australia', The Conversation, Beta, online, 17 August 2013, pp. 1-3. (2013) [Newspaper Article]

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2011Gale F, 'Is the Tasmanian forest agreement collapsing?', The Conversation - Beta, Online, 31st May 2011, pp. 1-3. (2011) [Newspaper Article]

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2011Gale F, 'The Tasmanian Forest Agreement: Too Close to Collapse?', The Conversation - Beta, Online, 28th July 2011, pp. 1-3. (2011) [Newspaper Article]

[eCite] [Details]

2011Gale F, 'Deal or No Deal? Reflections on the Tasmanian Forest Agreement', The Conversation - Beta, Online, 27th June 2011 (2011) [Newspaper Article]

[eCite] [Details]

2011Gale F, 'Gunns heading for it's Tasmanian endgame', The Conversation beta, Online, 13th September 2011, pp. 1-2. (2011) [Newspaper Article]

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2007Atkins KM, Coady DA, Crowley CM, Gale F, Henning T, et al., 'Academics lash Lennon 'ethics'', The Mercury, Davies Brothers (News Limited), Hobart, March 24 (2007) [Newspaper Article]

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Co-authors: Atkins KM; Coady DA; Crowley CM; Henning T; Lawrence PM; Lockwood M; Malpas J; Snell RD; Stamm M; Stokes MD; Stratford E; Warner K; White RD

1997Burda C, Curran D, Gale F, M'Gonigle M, 'Forests in Trust: Reforming British Columbia's Forest Tenure System for Ecosystem and Community Health', University of Victoria, British Columbia, Report Series R97-2, Jul (1997) [Report of Restricted Access]

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1997Gale F, 'The Greening of Political Economy: An Ecological Political Economic Approach to Production and Consumption', Discussion paper prepared for the International Conference on Environment and Society, Havana, Cuba, D97-5, Jan (1997) [Report of Restricted Access]

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1997Gale F, 'Greening Trade: The Next Round of the GATT/WTO Trade Negotiations', Discussion paper prepared for the International Conference on Environment and Society, Havana, Cuba, D97-6, Jan (1997) [Report of Restricted Access]

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1996Gale F, Burda C, 'Attitudes Towards Eco-Certification in the BC Forest Products Industry', University of Victoria, Canada, Report series R96-3, Dec (1996) [Report of Restricted Access]

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1996Gale F, M'Gonigle M, 'Corporate Responsibility: Yet Another Oxymoron?', Policy Options, Institute for Research on Public Policy, Canada, 10, Dec (1996) [Magazine Article]

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1995M'Gonigle M, Stratford K, Gale F, 'The Business of Good Forestry: A Symposium', Proceedings of a Conference of Practioners, University of Victoria, British Columbia (1995) [Report of Restricted Access]

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Grants & Funding

In 2004, with Marcus Haward, I won an ARC Discovery grant ($145,000) to undertake research on certification and labelling in the forestry and fisheries sectors. The project led to several conference publications as well as major book, Global Commodity Governance: State Responses to Sustainable Forestry and Fisheries Certification, with a major international press, Palgrave Macmillan (2011).

In 2011, I won a Category 1 grant with the Australian Egg Corporation Limited to undertake research on certification and labelling in the Australian egg industry ($25,000). This project led to a major report comparing egg certification schemes in Australia across the three governance dimensions of politics, institutions and regulations  https://www.aecl.org/r-and-d/activities/completed-activities/certification-and-labelling-models-for-the-australian-egg-industry/). This study is being followed up by a second that investigates the standards and guidelines approach to hen welfare, the degree to which they are science-based, and whether alternative approaches to hen welfare are feasible. A draft report is under review by AECL.

Funding Summary

Number of grants

14

Total funding

$729,395

Projects

Taxing Campaigns: A Comparative Study Study of Global Civil Society Activism Targeting Tax Avoidance by High Net Worth Individuals and Multinational Corporations (2017)$8,005
Description
This project scopes the campaigning strategies employed by Australian civil society organisations to contest corporate tax avoidance practices.
Funding
University of Tasmania ($8,005)
Scheme
Grant-CAL Hothouse Research Enhancement Program
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Murphy-Gregory HL; Gale F; Eccleston RG
Year
2017
Sense-T Stage 2: Sensing Natural Capital - the role of environmental sensor data within new financial markets (2015 - 2016)$329,000
Description
The role of environmental sensor data within new financial markets. Key objective: to provide a standardised approach to the collection and processing of environmental data, informed by both technical feasibility and awareness of the requirements imposed by new financial markets, which is internationally consistent and fit for purpose. The project will convene a Technical Committee to deliver a new draft environmental data accounting standard, to be published for wider international consultation by the end of 2016.The research will position Tasmania at the forefront of international efforts to develop standards to underpin the rapidly-developing areas of natural capital accounting and new environmental markets, thus enabling Tasmanian businesses to continue to innovate new products and services with international market potential.
Funding
National Australia Bank Limited ($20,000); University of Tasmania ($309,000)
Scheme
Grant - Institutional
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Lovell HC; Ascui F; Gale F; Haward MG
Period
2015 - 2016
Earth System Governance; Complex Architectures, Multiple Agents; Tokyo, Japan (2013)$2,250
Funding
University of Tasmania ($2,250)
Scheme
Grant-Conference Support Scheme
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Gale F
Year
2013
Certification and Labelling Models for the Australian Egg Industry (2011 - 2015)$36,946
Funding
Australian Egg Corporation Ltd ($36,946)
Scheme
Grant-Innovation & Efficiency RD&E Open Call
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Gale F
Period
2011 - 2015
Pesticide Policy Advisory Group 2 (2008)$25,806
Funding
Forest Stewardship Council Australia ($25,806)
Scheme
Consultancy
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Gale F
Year
2008
Setting the Standard: Governance, Certification and the Forest Stewardship Council (2008)$10,000
Funding
Canada Council of the Arts ($10,000)
Scheme
Research publication
Administered By
University of British Coloumbia Press
Research Team
Tollefson C; Gale F; Haley D
Year
2008
New governance arrangements and sustainable resource management (2008 - 2009)$80,000
Funding
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada ($80,000)
Scheme
Research Development Initiatives - Environment
Administered By
University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Research Team
Tollefson C; Rayner J; Doelle M; Howlett M; Wellstead A; Zito A; Cashore B; Gale F
Period
2008 - 2009
Governing Gambling: A Comparison of Voluntary Codes (2007)$6,000
Funding
University of Tasmania ($6,000)
Scheme
Grant-Institutional Research Scheme
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Patford J; Gale F
Year
2007
Pesticide Policy Advisory Group (2006)$26,498
Funding
Forest Stewardship Council Australia ($26,498)
Scheme
Consultancy
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Gale F
Year
2006
FSC Plantation Policy Review: Australian stakeholder consultations (2005)$7,870
Funding
Forest Stewardship Council Australia ($7,870)
Scheme
Consultancy
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Gale F
Year
2005
Supporting or Sabotaging Sustainable Development? State Policy Responses to Environmental Certification Schemes (2004 - 2006)$145,000
Funding
Australian Research Council ($145,000)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Gale F; Haward MG
Period
2004 - 2006
Grant Reference
DP0452259
Opportunities and Constraints to Implementing Community Forestry in Tasmania (2004)$7,380
Funding
University of Tasmania ($7,380)
Scheme
Grant-Institutional Research Scheme
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Gale F
Year
2004
SSHRC Relationship in Transitions: Forest Tenure Reform in British Columbia (2001)$4,640
Funding
Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada ($4,640)
Scheme
Consultancy
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Gale F
Year
2001
Governance and Forest Certification (2000 - 2001)$40,000
Funding
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and Law Commission of Canada ($40,000)
Scheme
Relationships in transition program
Administered By
University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Research Team
Tollefson C; Gale F; Haley D; Hoberg G
Period
2000 - 2001

Research Supervision

Fred welcomes postgraduate supervision inquiries in the following areas: sustainability, international development, community governance, global standards organisations, critical political economy, ecological economics, sustainable consumption and production, global environmental politics.

Current

11

Completed

7

Current

DegreeTitleCommenced
PhDFrom Climate Change to Climate Action to Climate Justice: An ecological neo-gramscian analysis of ecosocialisms potential2013
PhDInclusive Policy Networks for Participatory Place Branding: Enhancing stakeholder engagement using an action intervention methodology2013
PhDThe development and implementation of quality assurance policies and procedures in the higher education sector in Australia and Malaysia: Two Case Studies2013
PhDUnderstanding the Nature and Scope of Portfolio in Nursing: A Comparitive Approach2014
PhDThe Owl of Minerva: Governing technology in the quest for sustainability2014
PhDEnvironmental Policy and Inter-Environmental Conflict. Developing and Testing an Organisation Dichotomy Model2014
PhDExplaining Political Reasons for Africas Underdevelopment2015
PhDThe Political Economy of Food in China2015
PhDRemittances From Youth Migration: An assessment of impact on agriculture production and food security in Nepal2016
PhDIntegrating Policy into Practice: Challenges of decentralisation in empowering communities for environmental protection and sustainable development in Uganda2017
PhDSustainability and Consumer Behaviour: Its constraints and drivers2017

Completed

DegreeTitleCompleted
PhDFostering Social Norms for Sustainability: A comparison of two community socioeconomic initiatives
Candidate: Robin Krabbe
2016
PhDWho Benefits? Decentralised Forest Governance through Community Forestry in Nepal
Candidate: Biddya Sigdel Baral
2015
PhDDeconstructing Value Theory in Economics: A trans-disciplinary historical critique of the supply and demand template
Candidate: Gerwin Elmar Otte
2014
MastersAustralia's Organic Trilemma: Public Versus Private Organic Food Standardisation
Candidate: Stephen Barrie Hall
2011
MastersThe Failure to Combine Economic and Environment Value in Market Price - A Theoretical History
Candidate: Denise Elizabeth Swan
2010
PhDQuality, Legitimacy and Global Governance: A Comparative Analysis of Four Forest Institutions
Candidate: Timothy Mark Cadman
2009
MastersThe Political Economy of Currency Transaction Taxes
Candidate: Peter Scott Willans
2006