The Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA) is leading the temperate grasses regeneration program for the Australian Pastures Genebank, to ensure the quality and diversity of Australian pasture varieties are preserved for the future.
Pastures are an essential component of the Tasmanian agriculture sector, with grazing industries contributing over $600 million of farm gate value to the Tasmanian economy. Continued development and access of pasture species suitable to Tasmania’s climate and grazing systems is vital for the long-term availability of diverse pasture species for farmers.
The Tasmanian site is one of four regeneration sites around Australia, with others located in Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland.
TIA's role in the regeneration program includes managing biosecurity requirements for the movement of germplasm, growing crops for seed production and plant characterisation of specific traits.
The pasture regeneration program is a large-scale operation. There are more than 200 unique accessions, with an average of 100 plants spread over 10 hectares at the Cressy Research Station, in Northern Tasmania.
From these crops, the team aim to produce around 3 million seeds, to deposit into the Australian Pastures Genebank. The samples at the Australian Pastures Genebank are stored for long-term conservation and can also be used by plant breeders.
The establishment and operation of the Australian Pastures Genebank is supported by: