Tasmania is one of the largest producers of cherries in Australia; Tasmania, New South Wales and Victoria all produce more than 4,000 tonnes of fruit each season, with South Australia producing about 2,500 tonnes and Queensland and Western Australia producing up to 500 tonnes each. Each region experiences different climates and produces fruit over varying periods (between October and February).

The Perennial Horticulture Centre (PHC) of the Tasmanian Institute of Tasmania (TIA) is the lead agency for cherry research, development and extension (RD&E) under the National RD&E Framework. In order to fulfil the role as lead agency, the PHC facilitates discussions between national RD&E providers to undertake evaluations of current and future research projects, and existing capabilities and resources. TIA works alongside Cherry Growers Australia (CGA), state industry bodies and Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL) to support the development of the cherry industry in Australia.

The PHC is involved in a number of large projects that investigate many aspects of cherry production; fruit set and crop-load management, tree and fruit nutrition, carbohydrate physiology, fruit quality and post-harvest, plant pathology, entomology, soil health, irrigation and water, rain-induced cracking, influence of climate and a national extension program. Please refer to the following list of current projects for more information: