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Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) enable autonomous global positioning using signals broadcast from various satellite constellations. With an ability to achieve accuracies ranging from metres to millimetres, GNSS provides positioning capability that underpins a host of scientific, commercial, civilian and military applications.

In this unit, we focus on the United States NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS), and also review the Russian Federation's GLONASS system together with other emerging GNSS such as the European Union's Galileo, and Chinese Beidou systems.

The unit commences with an introduction to coordinate systems and transformations and progresses into the examination of the GPS signals, biases and a range of GNSS positioning and processing techniques (e.g. baseline processing, precise point positioning and Real-Time correction). Applications of GNSS technology in both scientific and commercial endeavours are also reviewed in the unit.

One of the key objectives of KGG306 is to provide students with high-level skills in the collection, processing and presentation of GNSS data.In the practical component of KGG306 students will gain experience using GNSS equipment to achieve various levels of coordinate precision and develop skills in GNSS data collection techniques suitable for mapping, surveying and scientific applications.

Students enrolling in this unit are expected to have a good understanding of coordinates and mapping from the prerequisite units (KGG220 or KGG212) and be comfortable dealing with basic numerical (coordinate) data handling and analysis.

KGG306 is an advanced unit in the GIS and Remote Sensing Major of the B. Science.

Summary 2021

Unit name Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Unit code KGG306
Credit points 12.5
Faculty/School College of Sciences and Engineering
School of Geography, Planning, and Spatial Sciences
Discipline Geography, Planning, and Spatial Sciences

Teaching staff

Dr R Hurd

Level Advanced
Available as student elective? Yes
Breadth Unit? No



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Teaching Pattern

26 Lectures (1hr), 13 Tutorials (1hr), 13 Practicals (3hr)


50% Practicals & Assignments , 50% Exam

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