Profiles

Clare Miller

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Clare Miller

Lecturer in Geoenvironment & Geometallurgy, Earth Sciences

Room 302 , Geology-Geography Building

+61 3 6226 2425 (phone)

Clare.Miller@utas.edu.au

Dr. Clare Miller is a Lecturer in the School of Natural Sciences in the College of Sciences and Engineering at UTAS. Her research focuses on the mineralogical controls on the mobility of metal(loid)s in mine waste and environmental systems (i.e. lakes, wetlands, soils). Through field-based sampling and microanalytical laboratory techniques, Clare’s research aims to minimize the impacts of natural resource development on ecosystems and human health. As an early career researcher, Clare’s philosophy of research, teaching and engagement is rooted in a collaborative and multidisciplinary approach to understanding complex geoenvironmental systems. She collaborates with a variety of geoscientists in fields that include: paleolimnology, organic and inorganic low-temperature geochemistry, mine water geochemistry, stable and unstable isotope geochemistry, biology.

Clare's research focuses on three main areas: (1) informing remediation activities at legacy mines sites; (2) developing innovative strategies to mitigate the impacts of mining on environmental and community health; (3) understanding the impacts of climate change on mining activities, metal mobility, and baseline geochemical conditions.

Biography

As an environmental geochemist, Clare’s early career and research has focused on understanding dynamic environmental systems through multidisciplinary research to support the responsible development of natural resources. She has experience working as a contaminant hydrogeologist in the oil and gas industry in Western Canada. In this position, her work focused on subsurface characterization and delineation of groundwater contamination for a wide range of industrial contaminants. Clare has also worked with Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN) as a geochemical consultant on a collaborative project with Environment and Climate Change Canada investigating the impacts of climate warming on water quality. She held an industry placement with the Canada Mining Innovation Council on projects focused on the reduction of mining impacts on the environment and communities. Her graduate work in the Northwest Territories, Canada, focused on the effects of climate change on geochemical baselines and the long-term fate of legacy mining contaminants in sub-Arctic lakes.

As an early career researcher, Clare has begun to explore different ways of knowing. Through her graduate degree, she worked to build effective engagement and collaboration skills with indigenous communities, through participation in workshops and “on the land” camps led by indigenous community elders. She hopes to continue this journey through her research and teaching in Australia.

Career summary

Qualifications

Degree

Thesis Title 

University 

Country 

Date of Award

PhD

Arsenic mobility in a changing northern climate: Implications for geochemical baselines and long-term stability of contaminants in lake systems

Queen’s University

Canada

20/01/2020

BScH

Removal of arsenic trioxide from a simulated human gastrointestinal system through adsorption onto Fe-oxides

Queen’s University

Canada

30/04/2013

Teaching

Teaching expertise

Clare has teaching experience across a range of geoscience subject areas in both the classroom and field-based settings in geological field methods, earth systems engineering, hydrogeology, and engineering site investigation. Through her teaching, Clare aims to model a passion for inquisitive, field-based, experiential learning and to challenge students to be curious, creative. and holistic researchers.

Based on her experiences with community engagement in northern Canada, Clare was invited as a guest lecturer for senior undergraduate engineering students and hired to prepare and facilitate a faculty development workshop at Queen's University introducing and exploring how geological scientists and geological engineers can engage meaningfully with communities.

During her graduate studies, Clare was honoured with several teaching awards:

  • Beach Meadows Teaching Assistant Award, 2019
  • Greg Heath Teaching Assistant Award, 2018
  • Gord and Katherine Keep Teaching Assistant Award, 2017
  • Hemmera Teaching Assistant Award, 2017
  • Griff Murphy and Anny Raymond Teaching Assistant Award, 2016

View more on Dr Clare Miller in WARP

Fields of Research

  • Inorganic geochemistry (370302)
  • Natural resource management (410406)
  • Climate change processes (370201)

Research Objectives

  • Rehabilitation or conservation of terrestrial environments (180604)
  • Environmentally sustainable mineral resource activities (250199)
  • Environmental education and awareness (190203)

Publications

Total publications

11

Journal Article

(3 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2022Miller CB, Parsons MiB, Jamieson HE, Ardakani OH, Patterson RT, et al., 'Mediation of arsenic mobility by organic matter in mining-impacted sediment from sub-Arctic lakes: implications for environmental monitoring in a warming climate', Environmental Earth Sciences, 81, (4) Article 137. ISSN 1866-6299 (2022) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1007/s12665-022-10213-2 [eCite] [Details]

Tweet

2020Miller CB, Parsons MB, Jamieson HE, Ardakani OH, Gregory BRB, et al., 'Influence of late-Holocene climate change on the solid-phase speciation and long-term stability of arsenic in sub-Arctic lake sediments', Science of The Total Environment, 709 Article 136115. ISSN 0048-9697 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136115 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5

Tweet

2019Miller CB, Parsons MB, Jamieson HE, 'Lake-specific controls on the long-term stability of mining-related, legacy arsenic contamination and geochemical baselines in a changing northern environment, Tundra Mine, Northwest Territories, Canada', Applied Geochemistry, 109 Article 104403. ISSN 0883-2927 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.104403 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 17Web of Science - 16

Tweet

Conference Publication

(6 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2021Miller CB, Parsons MB, Jamieson HE, Ardakani OH, Nasser NA, et al., 'Post-depositional mobility of arsenic in a changing climate: implications for cumulative effects assessments at northern mine sites', GAC-MAC 2021 Abstracts Book, 1-5 November 2021, Ontario, Canada/ Online, pp. 219. (2021) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

Tweet

2020Fisher E, Xuen Heng W, Wilson O, Cracknell MJ, Miller CB, 'An Enduring Problem: A multidisciplinary approach to characterise acid and metalliferous drainage at Endurance Mine, NE Tasmania', Geological Society of Australia Earth Science Student Symposium 2020, 12-17 October 2020, Virtual Conference, Online (Australia) (2020) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Cracknell MJ

2020Miller CB, Huntsman P, Bouwhuis R, AsemaninejadINEJAD A, Rutledge K, et al., 'The development of a national water quality database to assess shifting baselines in a changing climate', Goldschmidt 2020, 21-26 June 2020, Virtual Conference, Online (USA) (2020) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2020Miller CB, Huntsman P, Bouwhuis RF, Asemaninejad A, Rutledge K, et al., 'The development of a national water quality database to assess shifting baselines in a changing climate', SETAC Europe 30th Annual Meeting, 3-7 May 2020 (2020) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2019Miller CB, Huntsman P, Bouwhuis RF, Rickwood CJ, 'Tracking water quality in a changing climate', SETAC North America 40th Annual Meeting, 3-7 November 2019, Toronto, Canada (2019) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

2016Miller CB, Parsons MB, Jamieson HE, Galloway JM, Patterson RT, 'Geochemical baselines and metal(loid) mobility in a changing northern climate, Courageous-Mackay Lake Greenstone Belt, Slave Geological Province, NWT', Yellowknife Geoscience Forum, 15-17 November 2016 (2016) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

Contract Report, Consultant's Report

(1 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2016Miller CB, 'Mining Industry Knowledge Hub: Scoping Report', Canada Mining Innovation Council, Canada (2016) [Consultants Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Other Public Output

(1 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2020Miller C, 'CODES Environmental Geology: Research Overview', Tasmanian Minerals, Manufacturing and Energy Council Meeting, Tasmanian Minerals, Manufacturing and Energy Council, Hobart, Tasmania (2020) [Report Other]

[eCite] [Details]

Grants & Funding

Funding Summary

Number of grants

9

Total funding

$4,195,746

Projects

Geoenvironmental and geometallurgical characterisation of a deconstructed ore body (2022 - 2025)$82,575
Description
Material characterisation of waste rocks from surface using mapping, geophysics (e.g., Electromagnetics, resistivity and GPR), static and kinetic laboratory analysis, and field technologies (e.g., pXRF, SWIR) in order to aid opportunity recognition and decision making on the pathway to closure.
Funding
Department of State Growth (Tas) ($82,575)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Miller CB; Escolme AJ; Cracknell M
Period
2022 - 2025
Exploring, characterising and optimising complex orebodies- upscaling orebody knowledge to add value across the Mining Value Chain (P1249) (2022 - 2026)$3,973,684
Description
As explorers search large, high-grade resources at greater depths, and mining operations are required to manage mineralogically and texturally complex orebodies, it is more critical than ever to develop effective exploration and characterisation tools that can be applied at the earliest stages of exploration and resource definition to reduce cost and risk. AMIRA Globals P1249 research project will embrace the challenges and realise the opportunities provided by complex orebodies of copper, gold, critical and other metals by developing new tools, methodologies and workflows for early mineralogical characterisation of complex orebodies and their alteration halos that can be upscaled to facilitate exploration for and domaining of complex orebodies
Funding
AMIRA International Ltd ($3,973,684)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Cooke DR; Danyushevsky LV; Escolme AJ; Miller CB; Cracknell M; Baker MJ; Belousov IA; Zhang L
Period
2022 - 2026
Multidisciplinary Characterisation of Dam Materials and Drivers of Pit Lake Water Quality: Scotia Mine, NE Tasmania (2022)$19,500
Description
The Scotia mine site is located in the Northeast of Tasmania, 5 km from the town of Gladstone. The Scotia cassiterite (SnO2) and sapphire mine was constructed and operated from 2007 to 2009 by Van Diemen Mines (VDM) Pty Ltd. A series of hydrologically connected pit lakes remain on site, with management of the site becoming the responsibility of Mineral Resources Tasmania (MRT). This project aims to characterise the pit dam materials to identify the drivers of pit lake water quality and reconcile the sources of Acid and Metalliferous Drainage (AMD to inform decision making prior to the commencement of remediation activities.
Funding
Department of State Growth (Tas) ($19,500)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Miller CB; Cracknell M
Year
2022
Integrated Ore Deposit Knowledge: Optimising Mineralogical Characterisation through the Mining Value Chain (2022 - 2024)$43,281
Description
Mining of metalliferous ores is vital to support emerging technologies and societys transition to sustainable energy sources. Innovative approaches to resource extraction are required to meet these increasing demands without compromising the environment for future generations. This project aims to demonstrate how the effective integration of datasets to assist in the holistic characterisation of metal resources, including critical metals, through all stages of the mining value chain, from discovery to closure. The knowledge generated in this study will improve our understanding of the geological characteristics of ore deposits that impact mineral processing and waste products, as well as our ability to predict and manage future deleterious environmental impacts. This project will provide insights to improving economic and environmental outcomes at present and future mines in Tasmania and Australia and will inform mine permitting and planning on a global scale.Student: Markus Staubmann
Funding
Evolution Mining ($43,281)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Miller CB; Cracknell M; Cooke DR
Period
2022 - 2024
Investigating passive remediation of copper and acid mine drainage using local native plant species, Western Tasmania (2021)$10,082
Description
Mineral Resources Tasmania (MRT) was allocated AUD $1 million in funding through the Tasmanian Governments Mining Sector Innovation Initiative Program (MSIIP) to support new and continued mining activities within the state. The funding with specifically to address activities in four key areas:1.Innovative uses for geoscientific data using new technologies; 2.Investigating innovative solutions for mine rehabilitation and remediation; 3.Developing best practice Acid Mine Drainage management guidelines, and 4.Improving the understanding of landslip reactivation and implications for emergency response.This project is funded as part of stream 2, investigating innovative solutions for mine rehabilitation and remediation. This project will use innovative techniques such as:Remote sensing data capture (e.g. use of drones and photogrammetry or LIDAR imagery)Numerical flow modelling using drill hole data to model subsurface characteristics and groundwater flowMineralogical and geochemical techniquesDetection of AMD in the subsurface using electromagnetic (EM) methods
Funding
Department of State Growth (Tas) ($10,082)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Miller CB; Cooke DR
Year
2021
Geophysical investigation of the Royal George tailings repository, northern Tasmania (2021)$12,520
Description
Royal George is a legacy tin mine located in northeast Tasmania. Open pit mining of tin ore occurred from 1911 to 1928 with tailings dumped on site. Despite revegetation success and the construction of a diversion drain over the past decade, acid and metalliferous drainage (AMD) continues to flow from the tailings repository into the St Pauls River. This project aims to use a range of complimentary geophysical techniques to identify and map internal waterflow pathways within the tailings to assess the internal structure and thickness of tailings at the Royal George site. Information gained from the integrated analysis of the resulting geophysical models will inform land management priorities.
Funding
Department of State Growth (Tas) ($12,520)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Cracknell M; Miller CB; Roach MJ
Year
2021
Geophysical investigation of historic Aberfoyle tailings site, northeast Tasmania (2020)$8,382
Description
The Tasmanian State Government has committed AUD$1 million over 4 years to Mining Sector Innovation Program funding (Tasmanian Government, 2017; TMEC, 2017). The aims of this fund are promoting the use of cutting-edge technologies and implementation of best practice management by the Tasmanian mining industry. This funding provides support and research projects across four key streams: 1. Innovative use of geoscientific data using new technologies;2. Investigating innovative solutions for mine rehabilitation and remediation;3. Developing best practice Acid Mine Drainage management guidelines, and4. Improving the understanding of landslip reactivation and implications for emergency responseThe proposed honours project aligns with both innovation in the use of new technologies and solutions for mine rehabilitation and remediation. The Aberfoyle Mine near Rossarden, northeast Tasmania, produced 11,000 tons of tin and 3,500 tons of wolfram from 1931 to 1982. The processed pyritic-rich tailings are stored in nine tailings dams. Recent site rehabilitation was carried out using earth capping over the tailings dam and implementation of vegetation trials. Rehabilitation aimed to decrease the effects of erosion and windblown dust on the tailings but of limited success. The lack of water retention, effects of metal contamination and drought stress, has caused the failure of revegetation trials. In a previous study conducted by McLaine et al. (2017) and McLaine (2017), the tailings were characterised using a mineralogical and geochemical approach. This study found that the tailings have high potential to generate Acid and Metalliferous Drainage (AMD) and exhibit Cd, Cu and Zn concentrations significantly above the national guidelines. Furthermore, surface soil is contaminated with deleterious elements that become more concentrated with depth. This study recommended detailed geophysical investigations be carried out to investigate the properties of soil capping across the abandoned tailings dams at the Aberfoyle site.
Funding
Department of State Growth (Tas) ($8,382)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Cracknell M; Miller CB; Cooke DR; Roach MJ
Year
2020
Hydrogeological studies of acid mine drainage at Blue Lake, Endurance Mine, north east Tasmania (2020)$28,750
Description
Mineral Resources Tasmania (MRT) was allocated AUD $1 million in funding through the Tasmanian Governments Mining Sector Innovation Initiative Program (MSIIP) to support new and continued mining activities within the state. The funding with specifically to address activities in four key areas:1.Innovative uses for geoscientific data using new technologies; 2.Investigating innovative solutions for mine rehabilitation and remediation; 3.Developing best practice Acid Mine Drainage management guidelines, and 4.Improving the understanding of landslip reactivation and implications for emergency response.This project is funded as part of stream 2, investigating innovative solutions for mine rehabilitation and remediation. This project will use innovative techniques such as:Remote sensing data capture (e.g. use of drones and photogrammetry or LIDAR imagery)Numerical flow modelling using drill hole data to model subsurface characteristics and groundwater flowMineralogical and geochemical techniquesDetection of AMD in the subsurface using electromagnetic (EM) methods
Funding
Department of State Growth (Tas) ($28,750)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Miller CB; Cracknell M; Cooke DR
Year
2020
Geochemical analysis of Ruby Lagoon and Blue Lake sediments at Endurance tailings site, north east Tasmania (2020)$16,972
Description
Mineral Resources Tasmania (MRT) has been allocated funding as part of the Tasmanian Governments Mining Sector Innovation Initiative Program (MSIIP). The initiative is aimed at developing techniques and expanding industry technologies to support the states capacity in globally competitive mining activities. MRT was allocated $1 million to address four key project areas:1.Innovative uses for geoscientific data using new technologies. 2.Investigating innovative solutions for mine rehabilitation and remediation. 3.Developing best practice Acid Mine Drainage management guidelines, and 4.Improving the understanding of landslip reactivation and implications for emergency response.
Funding
Department of State Growth (Tas) ($16,972)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Miller CB; Cracknell M; Cooke DR
Year
2020

Research Supervision

Current

4

Current

DegreeTitleCommenced
PhDControlling Acid and Metalliferous Drainage Generated by Legacy Mine Wastes in Tasmania using Industrial Wastes2020
PhDGeoenvironmental Characterisation of Historic MineTailings: Evaluating opportunities for reprocessing2020
PhDOptimising Remediation of Legacy Mines - Mineralogical controls on long-term waste rock weathering and mine drainage2022
PhDIntegrated Ore Deposit Knowledge: Optimising mineralogical characterisation through the mining value chain2022