This top-ranked young economist tracks the impact of oil prices on the global economy
Deciphering the after-shock.
One of the biggest challenges that central banks face is how to respond to commodity price shocks – unpredictable events that can have severe and wide-reaching effects on both the global economy and consumers alike.
'These shocks are unanticipated – we don’t know when they’re going to occur, and knowing how policy-makers need to respond is still controversial,' says economist Joaquin Vespignani from the Tasmanian School of Business & Economics.
If anyone can interpret these economic shocks, it’s Vespignani. In 2017, he was named the top-ranked young economist in Australia by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc) for the second year running, and one of the top 10 in the world by year of graduation.
He specialises in applied macroeconomics, which uses economic theory to study the behaviour of whole (or aggregate) economies, and forecasts national income movements through the analysis of key patterns and trends.
It’s an area that’s held his curiosity since the earliest days of his Master’s degree in Economic Studies, which he moved from his native Argentina to Australia to complete.
Vespignani’s ability to unravel some of the most stubborn mysteries in macroeconomics saw him climb the ranks of the international banking industry. By 2010, he was the principal economist for Australia and New Zealand at Barclays Investment Bank.
Here, he was responsible for providing forecasting and advice to international and domestic investment funds, banks, and other large financial institutions.
But what ultimately attracted Vespignani to academia was that it offered him an even greater opportunity to make an impact on global policy-making than he could in the commercial sector.
'In academia, you can work on papers for years, but at the bank, you have only a few weeks to publish, so there’s less rigour,' he explains. 'I feel like I can better contribute to the field.'
After completing his PhD at UNSW in 2012, Vespignani joined the University of Tasmania as a lecturer in economics and finance.
Now the head of economics and finance in the Tasmanian School of Business and Economics, Vespignani’s research focuses on how local and global economies are affected by one of the most valued commodities in the world: oil.
Vespignani has since written the two most downloaded articles of the past year in the journal Energy Economics – both on the effect of oil prices on the macroeconomy.
And he suspects that the world’s deep interest in the volatile economics of this coveted ‘black gold’ will extend far beyond the proliferation of renewables in the future.
'For many, many years, most of the world’s energy has come from oil, not renewable sources, and the population has increased significantly in the past 100 years,' he says.
'It will continue growing into 2050, and that means much more consumption of energy. Even if per capita consumption decreases, the size of the global population will make it quite difficult to live only with renewables. Oil will be part of the mix for a long time.'
Research that makes a difference
In 2015, Dr Vespignani has been identified by the RePec Ranking system as one of the top young economists globally (within 5 years of PhD graduation). By April 2015, he ranked at number 24 globally and number 1 in Australia. RePec contains over more than 6900 economists within 5 years of graduating and more than 44,000 authors overall.
Dr Joaquin Vespignani was appointed as a lecturer in Economics and Finance at the Tasmanian School of Business and Economics in June 2012. He is also a research associate of the Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Australian National University, and the Globalisation and Monetary Policy Institute, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Previously, Dr Vespignani has worked as a Principal Economist for Australia and New Zealand with one of the largest investment banks worldwide.
Dr Vespignani specialises in the area of Monetary Economics and the interaction between energy/commodity prices and monetary policy and monetary aggregates. He has published several papers in A* and A journals on the Australian Business Deans Council (ABCD) list including articles in internationally recognised journals such as Journal of Banking and Finance and Energy Economics Letters.
- PhD in Economics, Asymmetric monetary policy and consumer demand responses in Australia, University of New South Wales, 2012
- Masters in Economics Studies, University of New England, 2007
- Bachelor of Economics (Honours), Capital flight, saving rate and the golden rule level of capital: policy recommendations for Latin American Countries, Universidad de la Marina Mercante, 2002
- Bachelor of Commerce, Universidad de Belgrano, 1998
Languages (other than English)
Spanish (native), English (advanced)
- Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Australian National University
- Research Associate, Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
- Research Associate, Economic Society of Australia (Tasmania Branch)
- Committee Member, Society for Economic Measurement
Intermediate macroeconomics, macroeconomic theory and policy, principles of finance, banking and financial institutions
Dr Vespignani's teaching expertise is in the areas of macroeconomics, financial institutions and money at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. He has been awarded twice (2013 and 2014) a teaching merit certificate by the University of Tasmania for his teaching in Intermediate Macroeconomics and International Financial Management.
- Applied macroeconomics
- International macroeconomics
- Monetary policy
- Monetary economics
- Energy economics
- Dean's Award for Excellence in Teaching and Research, University of Tasmania (2014)
- Research Performance Award, University of Tasmania (2013)
- Research Performance Award, University of Tasmania (2014)
- Research Enhancement Grants Scheme, University of Tasmania (2014)
Fields of Research
- Financial Economics (140207)
- Macroeconomics (incl. Monetary and Fiscal Theory) (140212)
- International Economics and International Finance (140210)
- Applied Mathematics (010299)
- Applied Economics (140299)
- Economic Development and Growth (140202)
- Monetary Policy (910108)
- International Trade (910399)
- Macroeconomics (910199)
- Expanding Knowledge in Economics (970114)
- Economic Growth (910103)
- Trade Policy (910303)
- Defence and Security Policy (940301)
Journal Article(18 outputs)
|2019||Kang W, Ratti RA, Vespignani J, 'Impact of global uncertainty on the global economy and large developed and developing economies', Applied Economics pp. 1-16. ISSN 0003-6846 (2019) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
|2019||Ratti RA, Vespignani JL, 'What drives the global official/policy interest rate?', Applied Economics, 51, (47) pp. 5185-5190. ISSN 0003-6846 (2019) [Refereed Article]|
|2017||Hudson KB, Vespignani J, 'Understanding the deviation of Australian policy rate from the Taylor rule', Applied Economics, 50, (9) pp. 973-989. ISSN 0003-6846 (2017) [Refereed Article]|
|2017||Kang W, Ratti RA, Vespignani JL, 'Oil price shocks and policy uncertainty: new evidence on the effects of US and non-US oil production', Energy Economics, 66 pp. 536-546. ISSN 0140-9883 (2017) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 30Web of Science - 28
|2016||Kang W, Ratti RA, Vespignani J, 'Chinese liquidity increases and the U.S. economy', Economic Modelling, 52, (Part B) pp. 764-771. ISSN 0264-9993 (2016) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2
|2016||Kang W, Ratti RA, Vespignani J, 'The impact of oil price shocks on the U.S. stock market: a note on the roles of U.S. and non‐U.S. oil production', Economics Letters, 145 pp. 176-181. ISSN 0165-1765 (2016) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 38Web of Science - 32
|2016||Kang W, Ratti RA, Vespignani JL, 'The implications of monetary expansion in China for the US dollar', Journal of Asian Economics, 46 pp. 71-84. ISSN 1049-0078 (2016) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
|2016||Ratti RA, Vespignani JL, 'Oil prices and global factor macroeconomic variables', Energy Economics, 59 pp. 198-212. ISSN 0140-9883 (2016) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 38Web of Science - 28
|2016||Vespignani J, Ratti RA, 'Not all international monetary shocks are alike for the Japanese economy', Economic Modelling, 52, (Part B) pp. 822-837. ISSN 0264-9993 (2016) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
|2015||Ratti RA, Vespignani J, 'Commodity Prices and BRIC and G3 Liquidity: A SFAVEC Approach', Journal of Banking and Finance, 53 pp. 18-33. ISSN 0378-4266 (2015) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 14Web of Science - 12
|2015||Ratti RAJ, Vespignani J, 'OPEC and non-OPEC oil production and the global economy', Energy Economics, 50 pp. 364-378. ISSN 0140-9883 (2015) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 24Web of Science - 18
|2015||Vespignani J, 'On the differential impact of monetary policy across states/territories and its determinants in Australia: Evidence and new methodology from a small open economy', Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, 34 pp. 1-13. ISSN 1042-4431 (2015) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2
|2015||Vespignani J, 'International transmission of monetary shocks to the Euro area: Evidence from the U.S., Japan and China'', Economic Modelling, 44 pp. 131-141. ISSN 0264-9993 (2015) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 7Web of Science - 7
|2014||Knop SJ, Vespignani J, 'The sectorial impact of commodity price shocks in Australia', Economic Modelling, 42 pp. 257-271. ISSN 0264-9993 (2014) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6
|2013||Ratti R, Vespignani J, 'Why are crude oil prices high when global activity is weak?', Economics Letters, 121, (1) pp. 133-136. ISSN 0165-1765 (2013) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 25Web of Science - 21
|2013||Ratti RA, Vespignani J, 'Crude oil prices and liquidity, the BRIC and G3 countries', Energy Economics, 39 pp. 28-38. ISSN 0140-9883 (2013) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 20Web of Science - 15
|2013||Ratti RA, Vespignani J, 'Liquidity and crude oil prices: China's influence over 1996-2011', Economic Modelling, 33 pp. 517-525. ISSN 0264-9993 (2013) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 18Web of Science - 14
|2013||Vespignani J, 'The Industrial Impact of Monetary Shocks During the Inflation-Targeting Era in Australia', Australian Economic History Review, 53, (1) pp. 47-71. ISSN 0004-8992 (2013) [Refereed Article]|
Citations: Scopus - 6Web of Science - 7
Grants & Funding
Number of grants
- University of Tasmania ($9,000)
- Grant-Research Enhancement (REGS)
- Administered By
- University of Tasmania
- Research Team
- Vespignani J
|PhD||Essays on Commodity Prices, Commodity Abundance and the Macroeconomy||2015|
|PhD||Financial Inclusion: a development need for developing countries||2017|
|PhD||The Role of FDI on Economic Growth under Different Macroeconomic and Institutional Environment: A comparative analysis for developed and developing economies||2017|
|PhD||The Foreign Direct Investment in Oman and Gulf Countries Council: Impact on economic growth, impact of preferential trade agreements and polices and regulation||2018|
|PhD||Realised Skewness and Kurtosis in Asset Pricing||2018|
|PhD||Environmental Quality, Energy and Security Issues on Economic Growth in ECOWAS Member Countries||2019|