Beth Strain

UTAS Home Dr Beth Strain

Beth Strain

Research Fellow

IMAS/Taroona , Off-Campus

+61 3 6226 8211 (phone)

Dr. Beth Strain is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Science, with a broad background in quantitative marine ecology, environmental pollution and social science. Her research focuses on understanding and managing the effects of anthropogenic impacts in coastal and estuarine ecosystems. In particular, she is interested in addressing the interactions between finfish farming and the surrounding habitats. She has also worked on developing solutions for climate change, overfishing and habitat loss.


Before joining the University of Tasmania, Beth worked as lecturer in marine science and a project leader for the habitat restoration group of the National Centre for Coasts and Climate at the University of Melbourne. Prior to this she, worked as a postdoctoral researcher/project manager for the World Harbours Project at the Sydney Institute of Marine Science, building innovative technologies for European coasts in a changing climate at the University of Bologna (Italy) and restoring native mussel beds at Queens University (UK).

Career summary


DegreeThesis titleUniversityCountryDate of award
PhDEcological interactions between abalone, sea urchins and benthic habitat in a temperate rocky reef system: implications for ecosystems-based management.University of TasmaniaAustralia31/08/2010
BSc (1st Class Hons)Spatio-temporal variability in the photosynthetic characteristics of Zostera tasmanica measured by PAMMonash UniversityAustralia31/12/1999

Languages (other than English)

  • Basic Italian


Professional practice

  • Reef Life Survey member
  • AMSA committee member

Administrative expertise

  • Project Manager: Storm Bay Project/University of Tasmania
  • Project leader: Habitat restoration/National Centre for Coasts and Climate/University of Melbourne
  • Project Manager: Green Engineering/World Harbour Project/Sydney Institute of Marine Science
  • Laboratory Manager: University of Bologna


Marine and Antarctic Ecosystems, Marine Ecology, Experimental Design and Analysis

Teaching expertise

2018 to 2019 University of Melbourne: I have developed new curriculum, lectured and taught practical classes for Marine Ecology and Management, Blue Planet, and Experimental Marine Biology (Undergraduate level) and Ecology in a Changing Environment and Global Environmental Change (Masters level), guest lecturing in The Future Governance of Social-ecological Systems (Masters level).

2011-2013 University of Bologna: Developed and ran field and laboratory practical classes and lectured in Experimental Design and Data Analysis, and Marine Habitats: Structure and Process (Masters level).

2004, 2006, 2007, 2014-2015 University of Tasmania: Ran field and practical classes and in Biology of Animals, Quantitative Methods, and Marine Ecology (Undergraduate level).

Teaching responsibility

  • Lecturing in KSM202 – Marine and Antarctic Ecosystems

Research Appointments

University of Melbourne Research and Industry Committee Member, Victorian Coastal Council Scientific Advisory Committee Member, Editor: Marine Conservation and Sustainability, Ecological Engineering

Research Invitations

  • 2019 Invited participant: Marine protected areas synthesis project: Saudi Arabia
  • 2018 Invited speaker: 2nd International workshop on ecoshoreline Design: Hong Kong
  • 2017 Invited speaker: World Harbour Project meeting: Xiamen, China
  • 2016 Invited participant: Analysis of pollution impacts workshop: Tasmania, Australia
  • 2016 Invited speaker: Shellfish restoration symposium: Sydney, Australia
  • 2015 Invited speaker: Australia marine protected areas workshop, Tasmania, Australia
  • 2015 Invited speaker: World Harbour Project meeting: Montpellier, France
  • 2015 Invited speaker: National estuaries network, Sydney, Australia
  • 2013 Invited participant: Developing strategies for the adaptive management of European kelp beds. EU-FW7 project Biodiversity Knowledge, Porto, Portugal
  • 2012 Invited participant: Global analysis of biodiversity workshop. Maria Island, Tasmania, Australia
  • 2012 Invited participant: Expert assessment of the available information on the status and trend, and the ecological importance of European kelp beds. EU-FW7 project Biodiversity Knowledge, Belgium

Organiser of 2 national and 2 international stakeholder meetings. Conveyor and presenter at 1 national and 3 international conferences, Presenter at 24 international conferences.

View more on Dr Beth Strain in WARP


I am an expert in research designed to understand and manage the effects of anthropogenic stressors on coastal and estuarine ecosystems.

Research Themes

Beth’s research aligns to the University’s research theme of Marine, Antarctic and Maritime and Environment and Resources and Sustainability. Her research interests are focused on improving the sustainability of finfish aquaculture in coastal waters, and developing solutions for overfishing, habitat loss and climate change both from an environmental and social science perspective. She is also interested in developing new techniques and sampling designs to better understand the interaction between finfish aquaculture the surrounding habitats (water column, soft-sediment, rocky reefs and seagrass).

The UTAS research theme/s to which your work relates. These are: Better Health; Creativity, Culture and Society; Marine, Antarctic and Maritime; Environment, Resources and Sustainability; and Data, Knowledge and Decisions. Describe the broad, over-arching research interest in a way that generally describes the research activity/projects that you and your group undertake, using the format provided in the example below.


Beth is currently involved in two international projects which are aimed at understanding the benefits of marine protected areas and assessing the benefits of eco-engineering interventions for enhancing biodiversity and ecosystems function. These projects involve several international universities and industries across Africa, Europe, US, Asia and the Middle East.


  • 2019 Australian Native Trust Prize for research ($10,000)
  • 2017-2018 Homeward Bound Project Leadership Training
  • 2004-2007 Tasmanian Fisheries Research Institute Scholarship ($10,000 per year)
  • 2004-2007 Australian Commonwealth Postgraduate Scholarship (~$23,000 per year)
  • 2000 RMIT University/Queenscliff Marine Research scholarship ($20,000)

Fields of Research

  • Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) (310305)
  • Conservation and biodiversity (410401)
  • Environmental rehabilitation and restoration (410405)
  • Urban geography (440612)
  • Ecological impacts of climate change and ecological adaptation (410102)
  • Aquaculture (300501)
  • Environmentally sustainable engineering (401102)
  • Palaeoecology (310306)
  • Environmental management (410404)
  • Ecosystem function (410203)
  • Pollution and contamination (410599)
  • Environmental assessment and monitoring (410402)
  • Invertebrate biology (310913)
  • Phycology (incl. marine grasses) (310801)

Research Objectives

  • Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems (180201)
  • Assessment and management of benthic marine ecosystems (180501)
  • Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems (180601)
  • Marine biodiversity (180504)
  • Assessment and management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystems (180403)
  • Other environmental management (189999)
  • Rehabilitation or conservation of marine environments (180507)
  • Coastal and estuarine systems and management (180299)
  • Terrestrial biodiversity (180606)
  • Aquaculture fin fish (excl. tuna) (100202)
  • Rehabilitation or conservation of coastal or estuarine environments (180206)
  • Effects of climate change on Australia (excl. social impacts) (190504)


Beth has authored a >40 publications in total. Her highest cited publication has been cited 1000 times, with more than 70% of her publications being cited more than 10 times. Her publications contain a balance of both high impact international journals and applied scientific reports. She is committed to ensuring that the results of her scientific research are provide to the relevant stakeholders (i.e. industry, government and community) in such a way that they can be easily understood and incorporated into practice. Beth is committed to improving science engagement and uptake.

Total publications


Journal Article

(44 outputs)
2021Adams LW, Morris RL, Hull RB, Dempster T, Strain EMA, 'Making marinas bivalve friendly for enhanced biodiversity outcomes', Marine Pollution Bulletin, 169 Article 112464. ISSN 0025-326X (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112464 [eCite] [Details]


2021Chee SY, Yee JC, Cheah CB, Evans AJ, Firth LB, et al., 'Habitat complexity affects the structure but not the diversity of sessile communities on tropical coastal infrastructure', Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9 Article 673227. ISSN 2296-701X (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2021.673227 [eCite] [Details]


2021Graham TDJ, Morris RL, Strain EMA, Swearer SE, 'Identifying key factors for transplantation success in the restoration of kelp (Ecklonia radiata) beds', Restoration Ecology Article e13536. ISSN 1061-2971 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/rec.13536 [eCite] [Details]


2021O'Shaughnessy KA, Perkol-Finkel S, Strain EMA, Bishop MJ, Hawkins SJ, et al., 'Spatially variable effects of artificially created physical complexity on subtidal benthos', Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9 Article 690413. ISSN 2296-701X (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2021.690413 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1


2021Sharma R, Swearer SE, Morris RL, Strain EMA, 'Testing the efficacy of sea urchin exclusion methods for restoring kelp', Marine Environmental Research, 170 Article 105439. ISSN 0141-1136 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2021.105439 [eCite] [Details]


2021Suebsanguan S, Strain EMA, Morris RL, Swearer SE, 'Optimizing the initial cultivation stages of kelp Ecklonia radiata for restoration', Restoration Ecology, 29, (5) Article e13388. ISSN 1061-2971 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/rec.13388 [eCite] [Details]


2021Tachas JN, Raoult V, Morris RL, Swearer SE, Gaston TF, et al., 'Eco-engineered mangroves provide complex but functionally divergent niches for estuarine species compared to natural mangroves', Ecological Engineering, 170 Article 106355. ISSN 0925-8574 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2021.106355 [eCite] [Details]


2021Vozzo ML, Mayer-Pinto M, Bishop MJ, Cumbo VR, Bugnot AB, et al., 'Making seawalls multifunctional: the positive effects of seeded bivalves and habitat structure on species diversity and filtration rates', Marine Environmental Research, 165 Article 105243. ISSN 0141-1136 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.105243 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 3


2020Bradford TE, Astudillo JC, Lau ETC, Perkins MJ, Lo CC, et al., 'Provision of refugia and seeding with native bivalves can enhance biodiversity on vertical seawalls', Marine Pollution Bulletin, 160 Article 111578. ISSN 0025-326X (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111578 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3


2020Bugnot AB, Mayer-Pinto M, Airoldi L, Heery EC, Johnston EL, et al., 'Current and projected global extent of marine built structures', Nature Sustainability, 4 pp. 33-41. ISSN 2398-9629 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/s41893-020-00595-1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 23


2020Morris RL, Hale R, Strain EMA, Reeves SE, Verges A, et al., 'Key principles for managing recovery of kelp forests through restoration', Bioscience, 70, (8) pp. 688-698. ISSN 0006-3568 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biaa058 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6

Co-authors: Layton C; Shelamoff V


2020Strain EMA, Cumbo VR, Morris RL, Steinberg PD, Bishop MJ, 'Interacting effects of habitat structure and seeding with oysters on the intertidal biodiversity of seawalls', PLoS ONE, 15, (7) Article e0230807. ISSN 1932-6203 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230807 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 9Web of Science - 9


2020Strain EMA, Steinberg PD, Vozzo M, Johnston EL, Abbiati M, et al., 'A global analysis of complexity-biodiversity relationships on marine artificial structures', Global Ecology and Biogeography, 30, (1) pp. 140-153. ISSN 1466-822X (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/geb.13202 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 10Web of Science - 8

Co-authors: Davey A; MacLeod C; Ross DJ


2019Morris RL, Strain EMA, Konlechner TM, Fest BJ, Kennedy DM, et al., 'Developing a nature-based coastal defence strategy for Australia', Australian Journal of Civil Engineering, 17, (2) pp. 167-176. ISSN 1448-8353 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/14488353.2019.1661062 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 9Web of Science - 7


2019Strain EMA, Alexander KA, Kienker S, Morris R, Jarvis R, et al., 'Urban blue: a global analysis of the factors shaping people's perceptions of the marine environment and ecological engineering in harbours', Science of The Total Environment, 658 pp. 1293-1305. ISSN 0048-9697 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.285 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 18Web of Science - 20

Co-authors: Alexander KA


2019Strain EMA, Edgar GJ, Ceccarelli D, Stuart-Smith RD, Hosack GR, et al., 'A global assessment of the direct and indirect benefits of marine protected areas for coral reef conservation', Diversity and Distributions, 25, (1) pp. 9-20. ISSN 1366-9516 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12838 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 26Web of Science - 12

Co-authors: Edgar GJ; Stuart-Smith RD; Thomson RJ


2019Strain EMA, Morris RL, Bishop MJ, Tanner E, Steinberg P, et al., 'Building blue infrastructure: assessing the key environmental issues and priority areas for ecological engineering initiatives in Australia's metropolitan embayments', Journal of Environmental Management, 230 pp. 488-496. ISSN 0301-4797 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.09.047 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 9Web of Science - 8

Co-authors: MacLeod C; Alexander KA


2018Fowles AE, Edgar GJ, Stuart-Smith RD, Kirkpatrick JB, Hill N, et al., 'Effects of pollution from anthropogenic point sources on the recruitment of sessile estuarine reef biota', Frontiers in Marine Science, 5 Article 417. ISSN 2296-7745 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00417 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4

Co-authors: Fowles AE; Edgar GJ; Stuart-Smith RD; Kirkpatrick JB; Hill N


2018Fowles AE, Stuart-Smith RD, Hill NA, Thomson RJ, Strain EMA, et al., 'Interactive responses of primary producers and grazers to pollution on temperate rocky reefs', Environmental Pollution, 237 pp. 388-395. ISSN 0269-7491 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.02.061 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 5

Co-authors: Fowles AE; Stuart-Smith RD; Hill NA; Kirkpatrick J; Edgar GJ


2018Kienker SE, Coleman RA, Morris RL, Steinberg P, Bollard B, et al., 'Bringing harbours alive: assessing the importance of eco-engineered coastal infrastructure for different stakeholders and cities', Marine Policy, 94 pp. 238-246. ISSN 0308-597X (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2018.04.028 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 9Web of Science - 8

Co-authors: Alexander KA


2018Mancuso FP, Strain EMA, Piccioni E, De Clerck O, Sara G, et al., 'Status of vulnerable Cystoseira populations along the Italian infralittoral fringe, and relationships with environmental and anthropogenic variables', Marine Pollution Bulletin, 129, (2) pp. 762-771. ISSN 0025-326X (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.10.068 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 23Web of Science - 18


2018Strain EMA, Heath T, Steinberg PD, Bishop MJ, 'Eco-engineering of modified shorelines recovers wrack subsidies', Ecological Engineering, 112 pp. 26-33. ISSN 0925-8574 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.12.009 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 8Web of Science - 10


2018Strain EMA, Morris RL, Coleman RA, Figueira WF, Steinberg PD, et al., 'Increasing microhabitat complexity on seawalls can reduce fish predation on native oysters', Ecological Engineering, 120 pp. 637-644. ISSN 0925-8574 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.05.030 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 42Web of Science - 37


2017Heery EC, Bishop MJ, Critchley LP, Bugnot AB, Airoldi L, et al., 'Identifying the consequences of ocean sprawl for sedimentary habitats', Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 472 pp. 31-48. ISSN 0022-0981 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2017.01.020 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 116Web of Science - 110


2017Strain EMA, Olabarria C, Mayer-Pinto M, Cumbo V, Morris RL, et al., 'Eco-engineering urban infrastructure for marine and coastal biodiversity: which interventions have the greatest ecological benefit?', Journal of Applied Ecology, 55, (1) pp. 426-441. ISSN 1365-2664 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12961 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 96Web of Science - 88


2017Strain EMA, van Belzen J, Comandini P, Wong J, Bouma TJ, et al., 'The role of changing climate in driving the shift from perennial grasses to annual succulents in a Mediterranean saltmarsh', Journal of Ecology, 105, (5) pp. 1374-1385. ISSN 0022-0477 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12799 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 17Web of Science - 13


2017Stuart-Smith RD, Edgar GJ, Barrett NS, Bates AE, Baker SC, et al., 'Assessing national biodiversity trends for rocky and coral reefs through the integration of citizen science and scientific monitoring programs', Bioscience, 67, (2) pp. 134-146. ISSN 0006-3568 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biw180 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 43Web of Science - 45

Co-authors: Stuart-Smith RD; Edgar GJ; Barrett NS; Baker SC; Bax NJ; Berkhout J; Blanchard JL; Cooper AT; Day PB; Kininmonth S; Ling SD


2016Araujo RM, Assis J, Aguillar R, Airoldi L, Barbara I, et al., 'Status, trends and drivers of kelp forests in Europe: an expert assessment', Biodiversity and Conservation, 25 pp. 1319-1348. ISSN 0960-3115 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1007/s10531-016-1141-7 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 61Web of Science - 60


2016Banks J, Hedge LH, Hoisington C, Strain EM, Steinberg PD, et al., 'Sydney Harbour: beautiful, diverse, valuable and pressured', Regional Studies in Marine Science, 8, (2) pp. 353-361. ISSN 2352-4855 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.rsma.2016.04.007 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 7Web of Science - 6


2015Strain EMA, van Belzen J, van Dalen J, Bourma TJ, Airoldi L, 'Management of local stressors can improve the resilience of marine canopy algae to global stressors', PLoS ONE, 10, (3) Article e0120837. ISSN 1932-6203 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120837 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 31Web of Science - 30


2015Stuart-Smith RD, Bates AE, Lefcheck JS, Duffy JE, Baker SC, et al., 'The potential of trait-based approaches to contribute to marine conservation', Marine Policy, 51 pp. 148-150. ISSN 0308-597X (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.07.002 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4

Co-authors: Stuart-Smith RD; Baker SC; Thomson RJ; Stuart-Smith JF; Hill NA; Soler G; Edgar GJ


2014Bouma TJ, van Belzen J, Balke T, Zhu Z, Airoldi L, et al., 'Identifying knowledge gaps hampering application of intertidal habitats in coastal protection: opportunities and steps to take', Coastal Engineering, 87 pp. 147-157. ISSN 0378-3839 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.11.014 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 167Web of Science - 164


2014Edgar GJ, Stuart-Smith RD, Willis TJ, Kininmonth SJ, Baker SC, et al., 'Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features', Nature, 506, (7487) pp. 216-220. ISSN 0028-0836 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/nature13022 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 965Web of Science - 934

Co-authors: Edgar GJ; Stuart-Smith RD; Kininmonth SJ; Baker SC; Barrett NS; Berkhout J; Buxton CD; Cooper AT; Davey M; Soler G; Thomson RJ


2014Firth LB, Thompson RC, Bohn K, Abbiati M, Airoldi L, et al., 'Between a rock and a hard place: environmental and engineering considerations when designing coastal defence structures', Coastal Engineering, 87 pp. 122-135. ISSN 0378-3839 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.10.015 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 181Web of Science - 177


2014Strain EMA, Thomson RJ, Micheli F, Mancuso FP, Airoldi L, 'Identifying the interacting roles of stressors in driving the global loss of canopy-forming to mat-forming algae in marine ecosystems', Global Change Biology, 20, (11) pp. 3300-3312. ISSN 1354-1013 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12619 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 135Web of Science - 130

Co-authors: Thomson RJ


2013Goodwin CE, Strain EMA, Edwards H, Bennett SC, Breen JP, et al., 'Effects of two decades of rising sea surface temperatures on sublittoral macrobenthos communities in Northern Ireland, UK', Marine Environmental Research, 85 pp. 34-44. ISSN 0141-1136 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2012.12.008 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 3


2013Strain EMA, Johnson CR, 'The effects of an invasive habitat modifier on the biotic interactions between two native herbivorous species and benthic habitat in a subtidal rocky reef ecosystem', Biological Invasions, 15, (6) pp. 1391-1405. ISSN 1387-3547 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1007/s10530-012-0378-7 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 12Web of Science - 13

Co-authors: Johnson CR


2013Strain EMA, Johnson CR, Thomson RJ, 'Effects of a range-expanding sea urchin on behaviour of commercially fished abalone', PLoS ONE, 8, (9) Article e73477. ISSN 1932-6203 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073477 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 6Web of Science - 6

Co-authors: Johnson CR; Thomson RJ


2013Stuart-Smith RD, Bates AE, Lefcheck JS, Duffy JE, Baker SC, et al., 'Integrating abundance and functional traits reveals new global hotspots of fish diversity', Nature, 501 pp. 539-542. ISSN 0028-0836 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/nature12529 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 320Web of Science - 309

Co-authors: Stuart-Smith RD; Bates AE; Baker SC; Thomson RJ; Stuart-Smith JF; Hill NA; Soler GA; Edgar GJ


2012Strain EMA, Allcock AL, Goodwin CE, Maggs CA, Picton BE, et al., 'The long-term impacts of fisheries on epifaunal assemblage function and structure, in a Special Area of Conservation', Journal of Sea Research, 67, (1) pp. 58-68. ISSN 1385-1101 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.seares.2011.10.001 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 29Web of Science - 27


2012Strain EMA, Johnson CR, 'Intensive fishing of marine consumers causes a dramatic shift in the benthic habitat on temperate rocky reefs', Marine Biology, 159, (3) pp. 533-547. ISSN 0025-3162 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1007/s00227-011-1833-1 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 7

Co-authors: Johnson CR


2010Strain EMA, Johnson CR, 'Scale-dependent relationships between benthic habitat characteristics and abundances of blacklip abalone, Haliotis rubra (Leach)', Marine and Freshwater Research, 61, (11) pp. 1227-1236. ISSN 1323-1650 (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1071/MF09211 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 7Web of Science - 7

Co-authors: Johnson CR


2009Strain E, Johnson CR, 'Competition between an invasive urchin and commercially fished abalone: effect on body condition, reproduction and survivorship ', Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 377, (February) pp. 169-182. ISSN 0171-8630 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3354/meps07816 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 25Web of Science - 27

Co-authors: Johnson CR


2006Strain E, Beardall J, Thomson R, Roberts S, Light B, 'Spatio-temporal variability in the photosynthetic characteristics of Zostera tasmanica measured by PAM', Aquatic Botany, 85, (1) pp. 21-28. ISSN 0304-3770 (2006) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2006.01.009 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 9Web of Science - 8

Co-authors: Thomson R


Chapter in Book

(2 outputs)
2019Morris RL, Heery EC, Loke LHL, Lau E, Strain EMA, et al., 'Design Options, Implementation Issues and Evaluating Success of Ecologically Engineered Shorelines', Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, Taylor & Francis Ltd, SJ Hawkins, AL Allcock, AE Bates, LB Firth, IP Smith, SE Swearer and PA Todd (ed), Boca Raton, Florida, pp. 169-228. ISBN 9780367134150 (2019) [Research Book Chapter]

DOI: 10.1201/9780429026379 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Alexander KA


2015Hoggart S, Hawkins SJ, Bohn K, Airoldi L, van Belzen J, et al., 'Ecological Approaches to Coastal Risk Mitigation', Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate, Elsevier Inc., B Zanuttigh, R Nicholls, JP Vanderlinden, HF Burcharth and RC Thompson (ed), United Kingdom, pp. 171-236. ISBN 9780123973108 (2015) [Research Book Chapter]

DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-397310-8.00004-X [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5


Conference Publication

(4 outputs)
2020Brown J, Yelland M, Morris R, Strain B, 'Sensors to quantify coastal scheme flood resistance and resilience', Coastal Structures: Proceedings of the 2020 Coastal Engineering International Conference ISSN 0161-3782 (2020) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

DOI: 10.9753/icce.v36v.structures.3 [eCite] [Details]


2018Chai YJ, Firth LB, Ban CC, Strain E, Hwai ATS, et al., 'It is in the details: simple structural complexity modification could restore ecological function on seawall', Proceedings of the 11th IMT-GT UNINET Conference 2018 - Bioscience for A Sustainable Future, 11-12 December 2018, Penang, Malaysia, pp. 1-6. (2018) [Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]


2014Airoldi L, Ballesteros E, Buonuomo R, van Belzen J, Bouma TJ, et al., 'Marine forests at risk: solutions to halt the loss and promote the recovery of Mediterranean canopy-forming seaweeds', Proceedings of the 5th Mediterranean Symposium on Marine Vegetation, 27-28 October 2014, Portoroz, Slovenia, pp. 28-33. (2014) [Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

2013Johnson CR, Ling SD, Strain EMA, 'Is 'barrens' habitat good for sea urchins?', Echinoderms in a Changing World: Proceedings of the 13th International Echinoderm Conference, 5-9 January 2009, Hobart, Australia, pp. 254. ISBN 9781138000100 (2013) [Conference Extract]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Johnson CR; Ling SD

Contract Report, Consultant's Report

(1 outputs)
2020Beecroft R, Bodrossy L, Brasier M, Brown C, Cossu R, et al., 'Monitoring and assessing offshore/high energy production structures. A report from the Blue Economy Cooperative Research Centre', Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, Australia, 4.20.001 (2020) [Contract Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Beecroft R; Bodrossy L; Brasier M; Brown C; Cossu R; Foo D; Lacharite M; Lea M-A; Ross J; Semmens J; Ugalde S; White C

Other Public Output

(5 outputs)
2021Morris RL, Bishop MJ, Boon P, Browne NK, Carley JT, et al., 'The Australian guide to nature-based methods for reducing risk from coastal hazards', NESP Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub, Australia, Report No. 26, May (2021) [Government or Industry Research]

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2021Ross J, Strain E, 'Annual Broadscale Environmental Monitoring Program - Environmental License 10180/1 Marine Farming Lease No. 281 at Yellow Bluff 2019/2020', Report to Huon Aquaculture Company Pty Ltd, August (2021) [Government or Industry Research]

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Co-authors: Ross J

2020Strain E, White C, Ross J, 'The Storm Bay Observing System: Preliminary review of the sampling parameters and design for assessing the performance of salmon aquaculture', Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Hobart, July, FRDC Proj. 2018/131 (2020) [Government or Industry Research]

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Co-authors: White C; Ross J

2017Strain E, Morris R, Bishop M, 'Sydney Harbour - enhancing seawall sustainability', State of New South Wales through the Department of Industry, Australia (2017) [Government or Industry Research]

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2011Roberts D, Allcock L, Farinas-Franco JM, Gorman E, Maggs CA, et al., 'Modiolus Restoration Research Project: Final Report and Recommendations', Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Northern Ireland Environment Agency, Belfast, 20th May 2011 (2011) [Government or Industry Research]

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Grants & Funding

Funding Summary

Number of grants


Total funding



Environmental Offsets Feasibility Assessment for the Live-bearing Seastar Parvulastra vivipara at the Sorell Causeways (2021)$22,871
To provide advice on the feasibility of a range of environmental offset options for loss of habitat of the threatened seastar Parvulastra vivipara [resulting from the duplication of causeways at Sorell in Tasmania for the South East Traffic Solution (SETS) Program] and to identify any additional data needs and strategies required to progress the feasibility assessment and the development of an environmental offsets proposal on the basis of any feasible approaches identified.
Pitt&Sherry Operations Pty. Ltd. ($22,871)
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Strain EMA
Assessing the use of different benthic imagery techniques for monitoring the effects of organic pollution on deep reefs (2021)$6,750
The primary aim of my PhD project is to assess the effectiveness of different benthic imagery techniques formonitoring the impacts of nutrient enrichment and sedimentation on temperate mesophotic benthic communities. With the funds obtainedwith the Holsworth grant I aim to develop monitoring techniques using settlement plates and uncrewed submersibles to analyse the potentialimpacts of nutrient enrichment and sedimentation on the recruitment and growth of juvenile benthic organisms on deep reef communities ofStorm Bay Tasmania.
Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment ($6,750)
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Strain EMA; Martinez-Escobar DF; White CA; Barrett NS; Perkins NR
Monitoring and assessing offshore production structures (2020)$49,972
The expansion of aquaculture/energy production into offshore areas requires the development of science-based automated environmental monitoring platforms. These platforms are important for maintaining public confidence in the associated industry and will reduce the operational costs and risks. Developing these platforms is contingent on ensuring that the environmental footprint and associated monitoring tools are well understood. This project will conduct a systematic review of the literature and consult with stakeholders (e.g. industry, government regulators), to identity the relevant parameters and technologies needed to develop these systems. The results will help to meet the end needs of the expanding industries and the government.
Blue Economy CRC Co ($49,972)
Scoping Study Projects
Administered By
Blue Economy CRC Co
Research Team
Strain EMA; Ross DJ; White CA; Semmens JM; MacLeod C; Lea MA; Frid C
Assessing the role of restored and natural kelp forests in protecting against coastal erosion and ocean acidification (2020 - 2021)$25,000
Kelp forests could reduce the threat of coastal erosion by dampening storm waves and alleviate the pressure of oceanacidification by buffering pH2. Currently, there is relatively few quantitative studies on these topics, with only a fewspecies and hydrodynamic conditions examined3-7. My project will address this key knowledge gap, by testing the roleof the dominant kelp species from south-eastern Australia, Ecklonia radiata in providing these vital ecosystemsservices.
Australian Academy of Science ($25,000)
Grant-Thomas Davies Research Grant
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Strain EMA
2020 - 2021
Kelp aquaculture scoping study (2020)$48,459
This project will be a scoping study to gain the information needed to bring the bull kelp Durvillaea spp. into integrated offshore aquaculture. The Blue Economy CRC is interested in co-cultivation of Durvillaea with caged salmon in wave-exposed off shore sites (e.g. Storm Bay). Durvillaeas unique cellular structure and biomechanical properties allow it to thrive in wave-exposed sites and make it an excellent candidate for offshore culture. Also, the biomechanical properties that allow Durvillaea to absorb wave-energy provide the potential to dampen wave forces on or around off shore aquaculture structures. However, Durvilllaea is a notoriously challenging genus to work with and no species, internationally, has been brought into cultivation to date. This scoping project will have three components: 1. Desktop study to identify what is known about Durvillaea culture and that of related genera to identify suitable hatchery and methods for cultivation on off-shore structures; 2. An industry-partner workshop (e.g. with King Island Kelp Industries, Marinova) with Durvillaea experts from Chile to discuss the potential for and issues around Durvillaea aquaculture, and 3. A workshop followed by a desktop study to develop engineering and hydrodynamic projects that are needed to understand how Durvillaea will interact with wave forces on off-shore structures.
Blue Economy CRC Co ($48,459)
Scoping Study Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Wright JT; Hurd CL; MacLeod C; Cossu R; Baldock T; White L; Roediger J; Stringer D; Gutierrez A; Fitton H; Strain EMA

Research Supervision

Student Research Projects Available

PhD Projects:

  • Assimilation of aquaculture-derived organic carbon by temperate reef sponge assemblages
  • Assessing the role of kelp forests in protecting against coastal erosion, ocean acidification and enhancing biodiversity
  • Developing rapid assessment tools for effective monitoring of organic pollution in the marine environment
  • Making social sense of management options for salmon aquaculture
  • Masters/honours
  • Seaweed biofouling
  • Investigated the functional equivalence of seagrass beds




PhDAssimilation of Aquaculture-Derived Organic Carbon by Temperate Reef Sponge Assemblages2020
PhDAssessing the Use of Different Benthic Imagery Techniques for Monitoring the Effects of Organic Pollution on Deep Reef Habitats2021