Maree Fudge

UTAS Home Dr. Maree Fudge

Maree Fudge

Research Fellow

Room 109.17 , IMAS Waterfront, Castray Esplanade, Battery Point, 7008

Dr. Maree Fudge is social researcher and Research Fellow at the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies. She is interested governance, decision-making, public policy, the political and institutional dimensions of marine social-ecological systems, and changing processes of democratic legitimacy and political participation.


Before joining the University of Tasmania, Maree was a consultant and director of her co-owned Tasmanian consulting company RDS Partners P/L focusing on social research and evaluation for executive teams, institutional and organisational development, community and stakeholder engagement and community development. Maree undertook her doctoral studies at the University of Tasmania where she examined the civil participation and democratic process in marine governance using marine social-ecological systems in Tasmania, Australia and New Brunswick, Canada as comparative case studies.

Career summary


DegreeThesis titleUniversityCountryDate of award
PhDParticipation and political representation: A critique of ‘participation’ in marine governanceUniversity of TasmaniaAustralia31/01/2020
BSc Hons (1st Class)Exploring Representation in Collaborative Institutions: The D’Entrecasteaux - Huon collaboration project as a case studyUniversity of TasmaniaAustralia3/07/2015
B.Arts Australian National UniversityAustralia30/11/1999

Administrative expertise

Managing large and small multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder projects; corporate and project governance; HR and industrial relations processes; team building, management and leadership; business development and contract management; stakeholder and community engagement; facilitation.


Marine policy; Marine governance; public policy; social research; qualitative research methods;

View more on Dr Maree Fudge in WARP


Marine policy; marine governance; public policy; social research; qualitative research methods; democratic legitimacy; representation; institutional analysis; participation; commons governance.

Research Themes

Maree’s research links to the University’s research themes of Environment Resources and Sustainability,  Marine Antarctic and Maritime and Culture and Society. Maree’s key interests include understanding how forms of political participation and democratic legitimacy relate to marine commons governance and management and how perceptions of participation and legitimacy might constrain or enable the development of sustainable marine industries and constrain or enable adaptation of coastal communities to changing marine ecosystem conditions and services. Maree’s research involves institutional analysis, public policy analysis, and qualitative social research with stakeholder and marine user groups.


During her PhD candidature Maree was involved in two collaborative projects: one focusing on science-policy connections and a second addressing the implementation of integrated marine governance and management.

  • Integrated governance & management – Centre for Marine Socioecology (2018)
  • Strengthening engagement and collaboration for impact – UTAS, Environment, Resources and Sustainability Theme (2017)

Current projects

  • Seaweed Solutions CRC-P (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture – IMTA) Governance model (2020-2021)
  • Aquaculture-Community Futures: North West Tasmania FRDC 2018-075 (2019-2021)
  • NSW Marine Estate Framework, NSW DPI Fisheries, Implementing Integrated Management (2020)

Fields of Research

  • Aquaculture (300501)
  • Environmental management (410404)
  • Environment policy (440704)
  • Social geography (440610)
  • Fisheries management (300505)
  • Political theory and political philosophy (440811)
  • Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) (310305)
  • Natural resource management (410406)
  • Urban geography (440612)
  • Environmental geography (440604)
  • Aquaculture and fisheries stock assessment (300502)
  • Corporate governance (350701)
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander sociology (450525)
  • Public policy (440709)
  • Climate change impacts and adaptation (410199)
  • Economic geography (440603)
  • Ethical theory (500306)
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander environmental knowledges (450304)

Research Objectives

  • Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems (180201)
  • Aquaculture fin fish (excl. tuna) (100202)
  • Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems (180601)
  • Other environmental management (189999)
  • Fisheries - wild caught (100399)
  • Social impacts of climate change and variability (190103)
  • Coastal and estuarine systems and management (180299)
  • Marine systems and management (180599)
  • Assessment and management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystems (180403)
  • Expanding knowledge in human society (280123)
  • Coastal or estuarine biodiversity (180203)
  • Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments (180499)
  • Aquaculture crustaceans (excl. rock lobster and prawns) (100201)
  • Other culture and society (139999)
  • Fisheries - aquaculture (100299)
  • Adaptation to climate change (190199)
  • Fisheries - recreational freshwater (100301)
  • Wild caught fin fish (excl. tuna) (100305)
  • Technological and organisational innovation (150306)
  • Other law, politics and community services (239999)


Total publications


Journal Article

(12 outputs)
2023Fudge M, Higgins V, Vince J, Rajaguru R, 'Social acceptability and the development of commercial RAS aquaculture', Aquaculture, 568 Article 739295. ISSN 0044-8486 (2023) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2023.739295 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Higgins V; Vince J; Rajaguru R


2023Fudge M, Ogier E, Alexander KA, 'Marine and coastal places: Wellbeing in a blue economy', Environmental Science and Policy, 144 pp. 64-73. ISSN 1462-9011 (2023) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2023.03.002 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Ogier E; Alexander KA


2023Stephenson R, Hobday AJ, Butler I, Cannard T, Cowlishaw M, et al., 'Integrating management of marine activities in Australia', Ocean and Coastal Management, 234 Article 106465. ISSN 0964-5691 (2023) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2022.106465 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Hobday AJ; Cvitanovic C; Frusher S; Fulton B; Haward M; McDonald J; MacLeod C; Pecl G; Plaganyi E; van Putten I; Vince J; Ward T


2021Fudge M, Alexander K, Ogier E, Leith P, Haward M, 'A critique of the participation norm in marine governance: bringing legitimacy into the frame', Environmental Science and Policy, 126 pp. 31-38. ISSN 1462-9011 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2021.09.015 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4

Co-authors: Alexander K; Ogier E; Leith P; Haward M


2021Fudge M, Leith P, 'Rethinking participation in commons governance: political representation and participation', Society and Natural Resources, 34, (8) pp. 1038-1055. ISSN 0894-1920 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2021.1931592 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Leith P


2021Haas B, Mackay M, Novaglio C, Fullbrook L, Murunga M, et al., 'The future of ocean governance', Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 32 pp. 253-270. ISSN 0960-3166 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1007/s11160-020-09631-x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 27Web of Science - 28

Co-authors: Haas B; Mackay M; Novaglio C; Fullbrook L; Murunga M; Sbrocchi C; McDonald J; McCormack PC; Alexander K; Goldsworthy LD; McGee J; Rousseau Y; Spain E; Vince J; Wilcox C; Haward M


2020Fudge M, Ogier E, Alexander KA, 'Emerging functions of the wellbeing concept in regional development scholarship: a review', Environmental Science and Policy, 115 pp. 143-150. ISSN 1462-9011 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2020.10.005 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4

Co-authors: Ogier E; Alexander KA


2020Wisz MS, Satterthwaite EV, Fudge M, Fischer M, Polejack A, et al., '100 opportunities for more inclusive ocean research: cross-disciplinary research questions for sustainable ocean governance and management', Frontiers in Marine Science, 7 Article 576. ISSN 2296-7745 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00576 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 21Web of Science - 23


2019Fudge M, Hiruy K, 'Linked boundary functions: examining the role of 'research for development' organizations in integrating levels of resource governance', Society and Natural Resources, 32, (3) pp. 255-274. ISSN 0894-1920 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2018.1517914 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4


2019Stephenson RL, Hobday AJ, Cvitanovic C, Alexander KA, Begg GA, et al., 'A practical framework for implementing and evaluating integrated management of marine activities', Ocean and Coastal Management, 177 pp. 127-138. ISSN 0964-5691 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.04.008 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 47Web of Science - 46

Co-authors: Hobday AJ; Cvitanovic C; Alexander KA; Frusher S; Fulton EA; Haward M; Macleod C; McDonald J; Nash KL; Ogier E; Pecl G; Plaganyi EE; van Putten I; Smith T; Ward TM


2018Alexander KA, Hobday AJ, Cvitanovic C, Ogier E, Nash KL, et al., 'Progress in integrating natural and social science in marine ecosystem-based management research', Marine and Freshwater Research, 70, (1) pp. 71-83. ISSN 1323-1650 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1071/MF17248 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 41Web of Science - 41

Co-authors: Alexander KA; Hobday AJ; Cvitanovic C; Ogier E; Nash KL; Cottrell RS; Fleming A; Fulton EA; Frusher S; Kelly R; MacLeod CK; Pecl GT; van Putten I; Vince J; Watson RA


2018Fudge M, 'Participation and representation in governing multiple-use marine ecosystems', Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, 10, (4) pp. 263-279. ISSN 1836-6503 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/18366503.2018.1536314 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 5



(1 outputs)
2022Komyakova V, Jaffres JBD, Strain EMA, Cullen-Knox C, Fudge M, et al., 'Conceptualisation of multiple impacts interacting in the marine environment using marine infrastructure as an example', The Science of The Total Environment, 830, (article 154748) pp. 1-18. ISSN 0048-9697 (2022) [Substantial Review]

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154748 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

Co-authors: Komyakova V; Strain EMA; Cullen-Knox C; Wilson E; Haward M


Conference Publication

(1 outputs)
2017Carter CG, MacLeod CK, Ross J, Gardner C, Fudge M, et al., 'Report from the Global Salmon Conference, Hobart 2017', Global Salmon Conference Program 2017, March, Hobart, Tasmania, pp. 1-56. (2017) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Carter CG; MacLeod CK; Ross J; Gardner C; Bannister J

Contract Report, Consultant's Report

(2 outputs)
2017Carter CG, MacLeod CK, Ross J, Gardner C, Fudge ME, et al., 'Report from the Global Salmon Conference, Hobart 2017', Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, March (2017) [Contract Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Carter CG; MacLeod CK; Ross J; Gardner C; Bannister J

2017Leith PB, McHenry MT, Bridle K, Evans JD, Fudge ME, et al., 'Strengthening engagement and collaboration for impact in the ERS theme', University of Tasmania, Tasmania, Australia (2017) [Contract Report]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Leith PB; McHenry MT; Bridle K; Evans JD; Harwood A; Magierowski RH

Other Public Output

(1 outputs)
2019Stephenson RL, Hobday A, Cvitanovic C, Fudge M, Ward T, et al., 'Report of Workshops on integrated management of marine activities', Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra, Australia, pp. 1-62. (2019) [Government or Industry Research]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Hobday A; Cvitanovic C; Frusher S; Gillanders B; Haward M; MacLeod C; Pecl G; Van Putten I; Poiner I; Vince J


Grants & Funding

Funding Summary

Number of grants


Total funding



Statewide Assessment to determine Victorian marine planning areas and priorities, supporting implementation of the Marine Spatial Planning Framework (2021)$94,781
Marine spatial planning (MSP) has emerged in recent years as a tool for sea use management. However, MSP requires adequate and accurate information on the biophysical state and usage of the marine environment. Such data often exists, but generally not in a format which allows planning areas and priorities to be easily identified. This proposal was developed in response to a Request for Quote by the Centre for Marine Socioecology for the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (DELWP), Victorian Government, to undertake a Statewide Assessment as detailed in the title. Substantial consultation will be required with direct project stakeholders as the identification of available data, development of secondary data, the identification of planning areas, and the options for a decision-support tool will be a dynamic and co-created process. As such, the project methodology is participatory or co-production research in which the most directly affected stakeholders are involved directly in generating research objectives, guiding analysis and outputs. The project comprises 3 stages: Stage 1: Evaluation of provided spatial datasets and critical gap analysis; Stage 2: Identification of location, size, and boundaries of marine planning areas; Stage 3: Recommendation and implementation of a decision support tool. The work is proposed by a strong team. CI Alexander has substantial project management experience, as well as expertise in MSP and previous experience with the Victorian Marine Spatial Planning process (gave keynote address at initial MSP summit). She is also leading a similar (although more substantial) project being currently undertaken in Tasmania. Co-I's Lacherite and Adams have excellent skills in spatial data analysis which are key to undertaking the assessment. Co-I Fudge has extensive experience with stakeholder engagement, and with engagement with Original Custodians. Co-I Byers has recently been appointed as a Research Fellow in Marine Data Science and will offer research assistance to this project.
Dept of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (Vic) ($94,781)
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Alexander KA; Lacharite M; Adams VM; Fudge ME; Byers R
Socio-ecological research to support Marine Estate Management (2020)$30,000
In this project we will synthesise the social research on integrated management (IM) with an emphasis on that research that has been produced within UTAS and the Centre for Marine Socioecology. Our research hypothesis is that a great deal of social research into integrated management and governance remains difficult to implement in the applied context because the constraints and limitations of actual policy work and existing capabilities and experience within the policy and management community are not sufficiently addressed through the academic research and publications process.Our research partner is Alan Jordan from the NSW DPI Marine Estate Strategy. Alan has been instrumental in generating this hypothesis.Our research outputs will include a research report that details the specific and relevant applications for different elements of IM; and a set of workshops with the end-users to generate and validate practical applications within the policy and management context.The research report will also form the basis of a peer-reviewed journal article.
Department of Primary Industries NSW ($30,000)
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Pecl GT; Cullen-Knox C; Fudge ME
Aquaculture-Community Futures: North West Tasmania (2019 - 2021)$172,996
In order to secure the future of Australian aquaculture, it is increasingly clear that, alongside effective and responsible production, building and maintaining community support is vital. The Tasmanian salmon industry is acutely aware of the need to garner and maintain societal support. A number of factors contribute towards the achievement of community acceptability (or 'social license to operate'). These include: the perception that a company offers benefits; that it contributes to the well-being of the region, respects the local way of life and acts fairly; that it listens, responds and exhibits reciprocity; and that relations are based on an enduring regard for each other's interests. Many of these factors are based on understanding, and contributing towards the achievement of, that which is valued by local and regional communities. This project aims to understand the regional development and well-being futures envisaged by residents of NW Tasmania and how salmonid farming can contribute to meeting these shared values.
Fisheries Research & Development Corporation ($172,996)
Grant-Annual Open Call Round
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Alexander KA; Ogier EM; Evans JD; Fudge ME
2019 - 2021

Research Supervision




PhDEvaluating the Commercial Viability of IMTA in Australia2023
PhDCommunication, Environment, and Conflict Across Oceans: A comparative analysis of human connections to marine resources in Canada and Australia2023