Profiles

Caroline Spiranovic

UTAS Home Dr Caroline Spiranovic

Caroline Spiranovic

Lecturer in Police Studies
Law (Faculty Office) | School of Law

Room 2.08 , Law Building

+61 3 6226 4847 (phone)

Caroline.Spiranovic@utas.edu.au

Media reports often suggest the public is generally unhappy with sentences handed-down to offenders by the courts.

But what of the views of jurors who actually participated in the courtrooms on those cases? Did they consider the sentences to have been too lenient? Too harsh? Inappropriate?

Dr Caroline Spiranovic has been working on two ARC-funded research projects that are building on previous studies in this area to consider whether specific types of cases affect the juror's views of the sentences meted out. Please see www.utas.edu.au/law/research/the-jury-projects for more information on these projects.

Improving the appropriateness of sentencing

A Tasmanian pilot study conducted a few years ago and findings from a subsequent Victorian County Court study, both show a higher percentage of jurors in real criminal cases favoured a more lenient sentence than those handed-down by the courts.

'Now we are looking at what types of offences were involved, and whether that has an impact on juror perceptions of sentencing,' said Dr Spiranovic.

'We do think that sex offences are an area in which jurors are more likely to be dissatisfied with sentencing. That's why we have another study being conducted at the national level, which is looking specifically at sex offences.'

The study is looking at all sex offence trials and will determine whether the age of victims, for instance, has any influence on whether jurors are inclined to take a more severe view than the judge.

'The hope is that once the research findings are known, suggestions can be made to politicians and policymakers about different ways of gauging the public's views, including considering the view of jurors about the appropriateness of sentencing, given jurors have been involved in real criminal trials,' said Dr Spiranovic.

Dr. Spiranovic is also associated with research around predicting the risk of re-offending in sex offenders. Funding is provided under an ARC linkage grant and investment from partners, in this case, corrective service agencies.

'We rely heavily on statistically based actuarial prediction methods, which are algorithms based on what has been found to best predict (with weightings) those who might reoffend. The problem is, the most popular tools we use are those developed overseas and we don't really know how well they are suited for use here,' said Dr Spiranovic.

Australian offenders are potentially different to those overseas, so tools used elsewhere may not be as accurate here. A particular problem is the high rate of overrepresentation of indigenous offenders here. We need to understand what may increase the chances of indigenous offenders reoffending in a local context.

'A pilot project we conducted has shown that some tools used to predict the chances of reoffending may work no better than chance for indigenous sex offenders,' said Dr Spiranovic.

'You could flip a coin and be just as successful in predicting which indigenous offenders would re-offend.'

Dr Spiranovic said that it is essential that we are using the most valid tools available to predict risk of reoffending in Australia given that, under the Dangerous Sex Offender legislation, offenders can potentially be detained in prison indefinitely.

'One of the key outcomes we're hoping to achieve from the study is an ethical framework to guide risk assessment of indigenous and non-indigenous sex offenders in Australia.'

Dr Caroline Spiranovic is a Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Tasmania. Caroline commenced her academic career officially with the University of Western Australia’s (UWA) Crime Research Centre in 2009. Since commencing her career in academia, Caroline has progressed research in the fields of criminology, law and forensic psychology through her work on numerous funded projects including to date six large-scale Australian Research Council funded projects. Caroline has taught, developed and coordinated a range of units aligning with her areas of research expertise.

Biography

Caroline works predominantly in multi-disciplinary teams on criminology, law and forensic psychology research projects focusing on family and sexual violence, crime prevention, public opinion and risk assessment. Caroline had collaborated with other academics and industry professionals from across Australia on a range of projects, including the following Australian Research Council funded projects:

  1. DP160100601 - Automated internet warnings to prevent viewing of minor-adult sex images,
  2. LP140100275 - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal sex-offenders in Australia: Assessing risk for practice and policy,
  3. DP0878042 - Sentencing and public confidence: public perceptions and the role of the public in sentencing practice and policy,
  4. DP0987175 – Challenges, Possibilities and Future Directions: A National Assessment of Australia’s Children’s Courts,
  5. DP130101054 - Using jurors to gauge informed public opinion on sentencing, and
  6. LP130100083 - Gauging informed public opinion on sentencing sex offenders: a national study.

Caroline also collaborates with researchers from across the University of Tasmania, via the UTAS STOP (Standing Together on Preventing) Violence Network and in partnership with key community organisations to focus on the prevention of family and sexual violence in Tasmania.

Caroline has taught, developed and coordinated a range of units aligning with her areas of research expertise and with a range of student cohorts and in different modes from on-campus to fully online. This includes being a trainer in investigative interviewing for Tasmania Police.

Career summary

Qualifications

DegreeTitle of ThesisUniversityCountryAwarded
PhDA Psychological and Psychophysiological Examination of the Sex Offence Process Using a Guided Imagery MethodologyUniversity of TasmaniaAustralia2007
BA(Hons)Peri and Post Crime Reactions in Victims of Physical Assault and BurglaryUniversity of TasmaniaAustralia2002

Memberships

Professional practice

Board member of the Sentencing Advisory Council (Tasmania)

Lead researcher for the UTAS Stop (Standing Together on Preventing) Violence network

Member of the APAC Financial Coalition Against Child Sexual Exploitation

Member of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology

Member of the Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law

Administrative expertise

Coordinator of Police Studies in Law

Teaching

Criminology, Psychology

Teaching expertise

Caroline has taught and coordinated a range of units from undergraduate core and elective psychology units (2002-2005; Psychology, University of Tasmania) to undergraduate and postgraduate criminology elective units (2010-2013, Crime Research Centre, University of Western Australia). She has also taught, coordinated and/or developed various University of Tasmania Law electives on sex crimes, family violence, criminology,  ethical and legal considerations in health care, honours level research methods, criminology and forensic psychology.  Caroline is also a trainer of investigative interviewing techniques in policing.

Research Appointments

Board member of the Sentencing Advisory Council (Tasmania)

Lead researcher for the UTAS Stop (Standing Together on Preventing) Violence network

Member of the APAC Financial Coalition Against Child Sexual Exploitation

Research Invitations

Caroline regularly reviews papers for various peer-review journals upon invitation and regularly offers advice to the Australian Research Council on research funding applications as a Detailed Assessor.

View more on Dr Caroline Spiranovic in WARP

Expertise

  • Violence prevention
  • Predicting risk of recidivism
  • Public opinion of sentencing

Research Themes

My areas of research strategically complement one another. Through interviewing convicted child sex offenders in my PhD research (2003-2007), I came to realise the value and strength of empirical research into factors that cause and maintain sexual offending. I realised that, if we know why violent crimes occur, we may be able to either prevent them from occurring in the first place or prevent them from reoccurring in the case of already convicted offenders. Embarking officially on a career in criminology in 2009, I also realised I could not conduct crime prevention research without acknowledging and addressing the macro socio-political climate surrounding crime and justice policy. Numerous researchers have attributed the trend in recent decades of harsher sentencing and offender management regimes to penal populism - using a tough on crime stance because it is politically popular. In this climate, it is politically popular to spend money on prisons, which leaves big gaps in terms of funding and efforts into primary prevention approaches. These realisations have underpinned my research over the last decade where I have worked on numerous large scale and multi-disciplinary projects focusing on public opinion of sentencing, predicting risk of recidivism and prevention of crimes of violence.

Collaboration

Caroline has led or has been invited to join various research collaborations comprising researchers across the University of Tasmania, Australia and from overseas working in partnership with key community and industry partners as detailed in the funding section of her profile.

Current projects

Caroline is currently working predominantly in multi-disciplinary teams on projects in the research fields of criminology, law and forensic psychology focusing on family and sexual violence, crime prevention, public opinion and risk assessment.

Fields of Research

  • Causes and prevention of crime (440201)
  • Courts and sentencing (440203)
  • Legal institutions (incl. courts and justice systems) (480504)

Research Objectives

  • Crime prevention (230402)
  • Criminal justice (230403)

Publications

Total publications

58

Journal Article

(45 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2021Prichard J, Wortley R, Watters PA, Spiranovic C, Hunn CM, et al., 'Effects of automated messages on internet users attempting to access 'barely legal' pornography', Sexual Abuse pp. 1-35. ISSN 1079-0632 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/10790632211013809 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: Prichard J; Hunn CM

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2021Spiranovic C, Hudson N, Winter R, Stanford S, Norris K, et al., 'Navigating risk and protective factors for family violence during and after the COVID-19 perfect storm'', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 33, (1) pp. 5-18. ISSN 1034-5329 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/10345329.2020.1849933 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

Co-authors: Hudson N; Winter R; Stanford S; Norris K; Bartkowiak-Theron I; Cashman K

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2021Warner K, Bartels L, Gelb K, Davis J, Spiranovic C, 'Comparing legal and lay assessments of relevant sentencing factors for sex offences in Australia', Criminal Law Journal, 45, (1) pp. 57-74. ISSN 0314-1160 (2021) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: Warner K

2021Woodman PA, Ballantyne KN, Julian R, Spiranovic C, 'The forensic examination of structural fires in Victoria, Australia: decision-making processes and impact on judicial outcomes', Science and Justice, 61, (4) pp. 369-377. ISSN 1355-0306 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.scijus.2021.03.009 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Woodman PA; Ballantyne KN; Julian R

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2020Allan A, Parry CL, Tubex H, Spiranovic C, Morgan F, 'Forensic experts' perspectives on Australian Indigenous sexual offenders and factors important in evaluating the risk of recidivism', International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology pp. 1-23. ISSN 0306-624X (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0306624X20967941 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: Morgan F

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2020Bartels L, Gelb K, Spiranovic C, Warner K, Roberts L, et al., 'What does the public think about sex offender registers? Findings from a national Australian study', Psychiatry, Psychology and Law pp. 1-16. ISSN 1321-8719 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/13218719.2020.1805813 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 6

Co-authors: Bartels L; Warner K

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2020Gower M, Spiranovic C, Morgan F, Saunders J, 'The predictive validity of risk assessment tools used in Australia for female offenders: a systematic review', Aggression and Violent Behavior, 53 Article 101428. ISSN 1359-1789 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/J.AVB.2020.101428 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 1

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2020Haddad A, Sauer J, Prichard J, Spiranovic C, Gelb K, 'Gaming tasks as a method for studying the impact of warning messages on information behavior', Library Trends, 68, (4) pp. 576-598. ISSN 0024-2594 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1353/lib.2020.0012 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Haddad A; Sauer J; Prichard J

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2020Hunn C, Spiranovic C, Prichard J, Gelb K, 'Why internet users' perceptions of viewing child exploitation material matter for prevention policies', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 53, (2) pp. 174-193. ISSN 0004-8658 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0004865820903794 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Hunn C; Prichard J

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2020Krone T, Spiranovic C, Prichard J, Watters P, Wortley R, et al., 'Child sexual abuse material in child-centred institutions: situational crime prevention approaches', Journal of Sexual Aggression, 26, (1) pp. 91-110. ISSN 1355-2600 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/13552600.2019.1705925 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Prichard J; Hunn C

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2020Spiranovic C, Ferrante A, Buscot M-J, Griffiths K, Allan A, et al., 'The promises and perils of developing a national sex offender recidivism database in Australia', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 32, (3) pp. 359-367. ISSN 1034-5329 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/10345329.2020.1807701 [eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Buscot M-J

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2020Warner K, Spiranovic C, Bartels L, Roberts L, Gelb K, 'Juror and community views of the guilty plea sentencing discount: findings from a national Australian study', Criminology & Criminal Justice pp. 1-19. ISSN 1748-8958 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/1748895820956703 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: Warner K

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2020Woodman P, Spiranovic C, Julian R, Ballantyne KN, Kelty SF, 'The impact of chemical trace evidence on justice outcomes: exploring the additive value of forensic science disciplines', Forensic Science International, 307 Article 110121. ISSN 0379-0738 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.110121 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 3

Co-authors: Julian R; Ballantyne KN; Kelty SF

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2020Woodman PA, Julian R, Spiranovic CA, Ballantyne KN, 'To trace or not to trace: a survey of how police use and perceive chemical trace evidence', Forensic Science International, 309 Article 110178. ISSN 0379-0738 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110178 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: Julian R; Ballantyne KN

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2019Jeanneret R, Spiranovic C, Eckstein L, McWhirter R, Arstein-Kerslake A, et al., 'Enhancing early detection of cognitive impairment in the criminal justice system: feasibility of a proposed method', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 31, (1) pp. 60-74. ISSN 1034-5329 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/10345329.2018.1556283 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Jeanneret R; Eckstein L; McWhirter R; Arstein-Kerslake A; Scanlan J; Kirkby K; Vickers J

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2019Warner K, Davis J, Spiranovic C, Cockburn H, Freiberg A, 'Why sentence? Comparing the views of jurors, judges and the legislature on the purposes of sentencing in Victoria, Australia', Criminology & Criminal Justice, 19, (1) pp. 26-44. ISSN 1748-8966 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/1748895817738557 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Warner K; Cockburn H

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2018Allen A, Parry CL, Ferrante A, Gillies C, Griffiths CS, et al., 'Assessing the risk of Australian indigenous sexual offenders reoffending: a review of the research literature and court decisions', Psychiatry Psychology and Law pp. 1-21. ISSN 1321-8719 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/13218719.2018.1504242 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4

Co-authors: Gillies C; Morgan F

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2018Bartels L, Gelb K, Spiranovic C, Sarre R, Dodd S, 'Bail, risk and law reform: a review of bail legislation across Australia', Criminal Law Journal, 42, (2) pp. 91-107. ISSN 0314-1160 (2018) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 9

Co-authors: Bartels L

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2018Freiberg A, Warner K, Spiranovic C, Davis J, 'You be the judge: no thanks!', Alternative Law Journal, 43, (3) pp. 154-159. ISSN 1037-969X (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/1037969X18792109 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: Warner K

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2018Hunn CM, Cockburn H, Spiranovic C, Prichard J, 'Exploring the educative role of judges' sentencing remarks: an analysis of remarks on child exploitation material', Psychiatry Psychology and Law pp. 1-18. ISSN 1321-8719 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/13218719.2018.1478337 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 4

Co-authors: Hunn CM; Cockburn H; Prichard J

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2018Warner K, Davis J, Freiberg A, Spiranovic C, 'Sentencing discounts for delay', Criminal Law Journal, 42, (1) pp. 22-33. ISSN 0314-1160 (2018) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 8

Co-authors: Warner K

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2018Warner K, Davis J, Freiberg A, Spriranovic C, Cockburn H, 'Aggravating and mitigating factors in sentencing: comparing the views of judges and jurors', Australian Law Journal, 92, (5) pp. 374-391. ISSN 0004-9611 (2018) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 5

Co-authors: Warner K; Cockburn H

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2018Warner K, Spiranovic C, Freiberg A, Davis J, 'Mandatory sentencing? Use [with] discretion', Alternative Law Journal, 43, (4) pp. 289-294. ISSN 1037-969X (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/1037969X18793967 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 1

Co-authors: Warner K

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2018Warner K, Spiranovic C, Freiberg A, Davis J, Bartels L, 'Aggravating or mitigating? Comparing judges' and jurors' views on four ambiguous sentencing factors', Journal of Judicial Administration, 28, (1) pp. 51-66. ISSN 1036-7918 (2018) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 3

Co-authors: Warner K

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2017Warner K, Davis J, Spiranovic C, Cockburn H, Freiberg A, 'Measuring jurors' views on sentencing: Results from the second Australian jury sentencing study', Punishment and Society, 19, (2) pp. 180-202. ISSN 1462-4745 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/1462474516660697 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 12Web of Science - 24

Co-authors: Warner K; Cockburn H

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2016Prichard J, Spiranovic C, Gelb K, Watters PA, Krone T, 'Tertiary education students' attitudes to the harmfulness of viewing and distributing child pornography', Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 23, (2) pp. 224-239. ISSN 1321-8719 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/13218719.2015.1042419 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 6Web of Science - 5

Co-authors: Prichard J

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2015Prichard P, Watters P, Krone T, Spiranovic C, Cockburn HM, 'Social Media Sentiment Analysis: A New Empirical Tool for Assessing Public Opinion on Crime?', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 27, (2) pp. 217-236. ISSN 1034-5329 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/10345329.2015.12036042 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 11

Co-authors: Prichard P; Cockburn HM

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2015Spiranovic C, Cockburn H, Bartels LM, Julian R, 'Outcome measures for evaluating the efficacy of juvenile justice programs', Victoria University Law and Justice Journal, 5, (1) pp. 23-33. ISSN 2202-7912 (2015) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Cockburn H; Bartels LM; Julian R

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2015Spiranovic C, Matthews A, Scanlan J, Kirkby KC, 'Increasing knowledge of mental illness through secondary research of electronic health records: opportunities and challenges', Advances in Mental Health, 14, (4) pp. 14-25. ISSN 1838-7357 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/18387357.2015.1063635 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 11Web of Science - 12

Co-authors: Matthews A; Scanlan J; Kirkby KC

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2015Spiranovic CA, Clare J, Bartels LM, Clare M, Clare B, 'Aboriginal Young People in the Children's Court of Western Australia: Findings from the National Assessment of Australian Children's Courts', University of Western Australia Law Review, 38, (2) pp. 86-116. ISSN 0042-0328 (2015) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Bartels LM

2014Spiranovic C, Matthews A, Scanlan J, Kirkby KC, 'Personally controlled electronic health records in Australia: challenges in communication of mental health information', Advances in Mental Health, 12, (2) pp. 147-154. ISSN 1838-7357 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/18374905.2014.11081892 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

Co-authors: Matthews A; Scanlan J; Kirkby KC

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2014Warner K, Davis J, Walter MM, Spiranovic CA, 'Are Judges out of touch?', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 25, (3) pp. 729-744. ISSN 1034-5329 (2014) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Warner K; Walter MM

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2014Warner K, Spiranovic CA, 'Jurors' views of suspended sentences', Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 47, (1) pp. 141-159. ISSN 0004-8658 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0004865813497731 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 3Web of Science - 5

Co-authors: Warner K

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2013Prichard J, Spiranovic C, Watters P, Lueg C, 'Young people, child pornography, and subcultural norms on the internet', Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 64, (5) pp. 992-1000. ISSN 1532-2882 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1002/asi.22816 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 17Web of Science - 14

Co-authors: Prichard J; Lueg C

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2013Roberts L, Indermaur D, Spiranovic CA, 'Fear of Cyber-Identity Theft and Related Fraudulent Activity', Psychiatry Psychology and Law, 20, (3) pp. 315-328. ISSN 1321-8719 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/13218719.2012.672275 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 36Web of Science - 29

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2013Watters PA, Lueg C, Spiranovic C, Prichard J, 'Patterns of ownership of child model sites: Profiling the profiteers and consumers of child exploitation material', First Monday (Chicago), 18, (2) pp. 1-8. ISSN 1396-0466 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.5210/fm.v18i2.4300 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4

Co-authors: Lueg C; Prichard J

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2012Indermaur D, Roberts L, Spiranovic C, Mackenzie G, Gelb K, 'A matter of judgement: The effect of information and deliberation on public attitudes to punishment', Punishment and Society: The International Journal of Penology, 14, (2) pp. 147-165. ISSN 1462-4745 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/1462474511434430 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 30Web of Science - 34

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2012Mackenzie G, Spiranovic C, Warner K, Stobbs N, Gelb K, et al., 'Sentencing and public confidence: Results from a national Australian survey on public opinions towards sentencing', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 45, (1) pp. 45-65. ISSN 1837-9273 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0004865811431328 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 25Web of Science - 32

Co-authors: Warner K

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2012Spiranovic CA, Roberts LD, Indermaur D, 'What Predicts Punitiveness? An Examination of Predictors of Punitive Attitudes towards Offenders in Australia', Psychiatry Psychology and Law, 19, (2) pp. 249-261. ISSN 1321-8719 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1080/13218719.2011.561766 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 25Web of Science - 21

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2012Spiranovic CA, Roberts LD, Indermaur D, Warner K, Gelb K, et al., 'Public preferences for sentencing purposes: What difference does offender age, criminal history and offence type make?', Criminology and Criminal Justice, 12, (3) pp. 289-306. ISSN 1748-8958 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/1748895811431847 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 10Web of Science - 11

Co-authors: Warner K

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2011Beamish N, Cannan P, Fujiyama H, Matthews A, Spiranovic CA, et al., 'Evaluation of an online youth ambassador program to promote mental health', Youth Studies Australia, 30, (2) pp. 41-47. ISSN 1038-2569 (2011) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4

Co-authors: Beamish N; Cannan P; Fujiyama H; Matthews A; Kirkby K; Daniels B

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2011Prichard J, Watters PA, Spiranovic C, 'Internet subcultures and pathways to the use of child pornography', Computer Law and Security Review, 27, (6) pp. 585-600. ISSN 0267-3649 (2011) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.clsr.2011.09.009 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 40Web of Science - 28

Co-authors: Prichard J

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2011Roberts L, Spiranovic C, Indermaur D, 'A country not divided: A comparison of public punitiveness in sentencing across Australia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 44, (3) pp. 370-386. ISSN 0004-8658 (2011) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1177/0004865811419059 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 14Web of Science - 18

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2008Spiranovic CA, Briggs Kate, Kirkby KC, Mobsby C, Daniels BA, 'Yshareit A project promoting the use of e-mental health resources amoung young people', Youth Studies Australia, 27, (2) pp. 52-60. ISSN 1038-2569 (2008) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 2

Co-authors: Kirkby KC; Daniels BA

2006Mobsby CJ, Kirkby KC, Daniels BA, Spiranovic CA, O'Connor J, 'Support networks promoting e-health in youth; the yshareit model', Youth Studies Australia, 25, (1) pp. 58. ISSN 1038-2569 (2006) [Contribution to Refereed Journal]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Mobsby CJ; Kirkby KC; Daniels BA; O'Connor J

Chapter in Book

(4 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2020Prichard J, Krone T, Spiranovic C, Watters P, 'Transdisciplinary research in virtual space: can online warning messages reduce engagement with child exploitation material?', Routledge Handbook of Crime Science, Routledge, R Wortley et al (ed), UK, pp. 309-319. ISBN 9780367580414 (2020) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Prichard J

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2013Spiranovic CA, Clare J, Clare M, Clare B, 'Youth Justice and Child Protection: The Children's Court in Western Australia', Australia's Children's Courts Today and Tomorrow, Springer, R. Sheehan and A. Borrowski (ed), Netherlands, pp. 143-162. ISBN 978-94-007-5927-5 (2013) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

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2012Mackenzie G, Spiranovic CA, Warner K, 'Media Usage and Public Confidence in Sentencing in Australia: A National Study', The Courts and the Media: Challenges in the era of digital and social media, Halstead Press, P Keyzer, J Johnston and M Pearson (ed), Sydney, Australia, pp. 150-159. ISBN 978-1-920831-93-6 (2012) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Warner K

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2011Tannenbaum D, Spiranovic C, 'Severe, Recurrent Depression Managed in a Remote Setting via the Internet - An Example of Remote Care Using the HealthSteps System', How to Practice Evidence-Based Psychiatry: Basic Principles and Case Studies, American Psychiatric Publishing Inc, CB Taylor (ed), Arlington, USA, pp. 275-286. ISBN 9781585623655 (2011) [Research Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]

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Conference Publication

(1 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2015Prichard J, Spiranovic C, Lueg C, 'Naive participants in online studies: can research ethically include participants without their consent?', Proceedings of the 27th Australian Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (OzCHI 2015), 7-10 December 2015, Melbourne University, pp. 1-4. (2015) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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Co-authors: Prichard J; Lueg C

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Contract Report, Consultant's Report

(1 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2012Warner K, Stewart K, Spiranovic C, 'Sexual Offences Against Young People: Tasmania Law Reform Institute Final Issues Paper No 17', Tasmanian Attorney-General's Department, Hobart, Tasmania, May (2012) [Contract Report]

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Co-authors: Warner K; Stewart K

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Other Public Output

(7 outputs)
YearCitationAltmetrics
2014Prichard JP, Spiranovic CA, 'Child Exploitation Material in the Context of Institutional Child Sexual Abuse', Final Report, Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, Australia, pp. 1-28. (2014) [Government or Industry Research]

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Co-authors: Prichard JP

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2012Spiranovic CA, 'The Efficacy of Juvenile Justice Support Programs: A Desk Top Review', A Final Report Prepared for Save the Children Australia, Tasmanian Institute of Law Enforcement Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart (2012) [Government or Industry Research]

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2012Spiranovic CA, 'The Static-99 and Static-99-R Norms Project: Developing norms based on Western Australian sex offenders', Developing Norms Based on Western Australian Sex Offenders, Department of Corrective Services in Western Australia, Western Australia (2012) [Government or Industry Research]

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2002Spiranovic CA, 'Crime victims research project', Unitas, University of Tasmania, Hobart, 230, 5/8/2002 (2002) [Internal Newsletter]

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2002Spiranovic CA, 'Study of effects of crime', The Mercury, Davies Bros Ltd, Hobart, 25/7/2002 (2002) [Newspaper Article]

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2002Spiranovic CA, 'Study of effects of crime', Anne Fitzgerald, ABC News, 7NT, Launceston, 26/2/2002 (2002) [Media Interview]

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2002Spiranovic CA, 'Study of effects of crime', News, WIN TV, Hobart, 25/2/2002 (2002) [Media Interview]

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Grants & Funding

Funding Summary

Number of grants

13

Total funding

$1,410,649

Projects

Sexual violence in southern Tasmania (2021)$42,124
Description
The project will conduct the first Tasmanian study of its kind focusing on giving diverse communities in Tasmania a voice on what they see as the scale, nature, barriers to seeking help and solutions to sexual violence.
Funding
Sexual Assault Support Services ($42,124)
Scheme
Contract Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Spiranovic CA; Winter RE; Cashman K; Norris K; Stanford SN; Bartkowiak-Theron IMF; Hudson CE
Year
2021
Automated internet warnings to prevent the uploading of child exploitation material produced by children and young adults (2019 - 2020)$130,496
Description
This project will test the efficacy of automated messages to prevent the uploading of CEM produced by children and young adults, and, Internet users engagement with prevention information contained on the website of the Office of the eSafety Commissioner.
Funding
Australian Institute of Criminology ($130,496)
Scheme
Grant
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Prichard JP; Spiranovic CA; Watters P; Wortley R; Krone T; Hunn CM; Scanlan JD
Period
2019 - 2020
CCTV Analysis for Mental Health (2018)$10,000
Description
CCTV footage is becoming increasing common within public spaces. This project is aiming to build a prototype system based on acted footage to identify individuals who may be in a depressive state and at risk of harming themselves. If successful, the project will then be trialled on some footage recorded in a public space.
Funding
University of Tasmania ($10,000)
Scheme
Grant - DKD Research Theme
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Scanlan JD; Kirkby KC; Spiranovic CA; Matthews AJ
Year
2018
Enhancing Early Detection of Cognitive Impairment in the Criminal Justice System (2017)$5,299
Description
This project scopes a research design to develop a method to enhance early detection of cognitive impairment.
Funding
University of Tasmania ($5,299)
Scheme
Grant-CAL Hothouse Research Enhancement Program
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Spiranovic CA; Eckstein LG; McWhirter R; Kirkby KC; Watters P; Vickers JC; Bindoff AD
Year
2017
Automated internet warnings to prevent viewing of minor-adult sex images (2016 - 2018)$299,031
Description
Since the advent of the internet and digital cameras, the market for sexually graphic and often violent childexploitation material (CEM) has boomed. This project aims to explore how the visual appearance of warningmessages influences internet users. It will aim to conduct a randomised controlled experiment with naveparticipants on a real-life website to test the effectiveness of messages designed to discourage viewers of legalbarely legal pornography depicting adult-minor sex. The results aim to assist policing efforts by indicatingwhether warnings can be used to dissuade first-time CEM viewers and whether differences exist between harm ordeterrent-focused messages.
Funding
Australian Research Council ($299,031)
Scheme
Grant-Discovery Projects
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Prichard JP; Spiranovic CA; Watters P; Wortley R; Krone T
Period
2016 - 2018
Grant Reference
DP160100601
Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal sex-offenders in Australia: Assessing risk for practice and policy (2014 - 2017)$636,590
Description
This project aims to reduce the risk of sexual recidivism through assessing the predictive validity of established and alternate risk assessments for Indigenous and non-Indigenous sex offenders. Key outcome will be identification of culturally appropriate risk assessment tools for Indigenous sex offenders.
Funding
Australian Research Council ($636,590)
Scheme
Grant-Linkage Projects Round 1
Administered By
University of Western Australia
Research Team
Morgan F; Spiranovic CA; Allan A; Smallbone S; Lynas J; Neill S; Dawson D; Wong S
Period
2014 - 2017
Grant Reference
LP140100275
Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse: the relevance of Child Exploitation Material (2013)$25,865
Description
This project is a literature review for the Royal Commission, its relationship with sexual assaults against children, and the relevance of this information for the detection child prevention of child sexual abuse within institutions.
Funding
Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse ($25,865)
Scheme
Consultancy
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Prichard JP; Spiranovic CA
Year
2013
National Assessment of Risk Assessment Tools for Sexual Offenders: A Seed Project. (2012)$46,156
Funding
Department of Corrective Services ($46,156)
Scheme
Consultancy
Administered By
University of Western Australia
Research Team
Spiranovic C
Year
2012
Using Jurors to Gauge Informed Public Opinion on Sentencing (2012)$10,000
Funding
Australasian Institute for Judicial Administration ($10,000)
Scheme
Grant-Seeding
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Warner Kate; Spiranovic CA
Year
2012
Long-term follow-up of Re-arrests in the Western Australian Population of Sex Offenders: Implications for Dangerous Sex Offender Legislation (2011)$20,088
Funding
University of Western Australia ($20,088)
Scheme
Research Development Award
Administered By
University of Western Australia
Research Team
Spiranovic CA
Year
2011
Implementation and Evaluation of the Yshareit Virtual Youth Ambassador Program in Tasmania: A Pilot for a National Program (2008)$50,000
Funding
Australian Rotary Health Research Fund ($50,000)
Scheme
Grant-Mental Health Research
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Kirkby KC; Briggs Kate; Spiranovic CA; Daniels BA
Year
2008
Preparation of a full application submission for consideration in 2nd Round - K15975 - Headspace Community of Youth Services Tasmanian Consortium Project (2007)$35,000
Funding
Headspace ($35,000)
Scheme
Grant
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Kirkby KC; Spiranovic CA; Cruise K
Year
2007
Implementation and Evaluation of the Yshareit Virtual Youth Ambassador Program in Tasmania: A Pilot for a National Program (2007 - 2009)$100,000
Funding
Beyondblue ($100,000)
Scheme
Grant
Administered By
University of Tasmania
Research Team
Kirkby KC; Cruise K; Spiranovic CA; Daniels BA
Period
2007 - 2009

Research Supervision

Completed

2

Completed

DegreeTitleCompleted
PhDImpact of Forensic Science on Criminal Justice System Outcomes: How does chemical trace contribute?
Candidate: Peter Andrew Woodman
2020
PhDInternet Users' Perceptions of Child Exploitation Material: Lessons for prevention
Candidate: Charlotte Mary Hunn
2018