Thomas Brooks

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Thomas Brooks

University Associate


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Fields of Research

  • Conservation and biodiversity (410401)
  • Environmental management (410499)
  • Ecology (310399)
  • Sustainable agricultural development (300210)
  • Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) (310305)
  • Genetics (310599)
  • Dynamical systems in applications (490105)
  • Environment policy (440704)
  • Wildlife and habitat management (410407)
  • Biogeography and phylogeography (310402)
  • Climate change impacts and adaptation (410199)

Research Objectives

  • Other environmental management (189999)
  • Assessment and management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystems (180403)
  • Coastal or estuarine biodiversity (180203)
  • Terrestrial biodiversity (180606)
  • Rehabilitation or conservation of terrestrial environments (180604)
  • Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences (280111)
  • Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems (180601)
  • Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences (280102)
  • Environmental education and awareness (190203)
  • Understanding climate change (190599)
  • Environmental protection frameworks (incl. economic incentives) (190205)
  • Rehabilitation or conservation of marine environments (180507)
  • Environmental policy, legislation and standards (190299)
  • Plant extract crops (260606)


Total publications


Journal Article

(55 outputs)
2021Bolam FC, Mair L, Angelico M, Brooks TM, Burgman M, et al., 'How many bird and mammal extinctions has recent conservation action prevented?', Conservation Letters, 14, (1) Article e12762. ISSN 1755-263X (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/conl.12762 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 52Web of Science - 57

Co-authors: Johnson CN


2021Cimatti M, Brooks TM, Di Marco M, 'Identifying science-policy consensus regions of high biodiversity value and institutional recognition', Global Ecology and Conservation, 32 Article e01938. ISSN 2351-9894 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01938 [eCite] [Details]


2021Huang RM, Medina W, Brooks TM, Butchart SHM, Fitzpatrick JW, et al., 'Batch-produced, GIS-informed range maps for birds based on provenanced, crowdsourced data inform conservation assessments', PLoS ONE, 16, (11) Article e0259299. ISSN 1932-6203 (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0259299 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1


2021Mair L, Bennun LA, Brooks TM, Butchart SHM, Bolam FC, et al., 'A metric for spatially explicit contributions to science-based species targets', Nature Ecology and Evolution, 5, (6) pp. 836-844. ISSN 2397-334X (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/s41559-021-01432-0 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 18Web of Science - 15


2021Williams BA, Watson JEM, Butchart SHM, Ward M, Brooks TM, et al., 'A robust goal is needed for species in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework', Conservation Letters, 14, (3) Article e12778. ISSN 1755-263X (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/conl.12778 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 10Web of Science - 10


2020Bull JW, Milner-Gulland EJ, Addison PFE, Arlidge WNS, Baker J, et al., 'Net positive outcomes for nature', Nature, 4, (1) pp. 4-7. ISSN 0028-0836 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/s41559-019-1022-z [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 34Web of Science - 34


2020Ford SA, Jepsen MR, Kingston N, Lewis E, Brooks TM, et al., 'Deforestation leakage undermines conservation value of tropical and subtropical forest protected areas', Global Ecology and Biogeography, 29, (11) pp. 2014-2024. ISSN 1466-822X (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/geb.13172 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 13Web of Science - 12


2020Meijaard E, Brooks TM, Carlson KM, Slade EM, Garcia-Ulloa J, et al., 'The environmental impacts of palm oil in context', Nature Plants, 6, (12) pp. 1418-1426. ISSN 2055-026X (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 47Web of Science - 41


2020Milner-Gulland EJ, Addison P, Arlidge WNS, Baker J, Booth H, et al., 'Four steps for the Earth: mainstreaming the post-2020 global biodiversity framework', One Earth, 4, (1) pp. 75-87. ISSN 2590-3330 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.oneear.2020.12.011 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 21Web of Science - 19


2020Mulligan M, van Soesbergen A, Hole DG, Brooks TM, Burke S, et al., 'Mapping nature's contribution to SDG 6 and implications for other SDGs at policy relevant scales', Remote Sensing of Environment, 239 Article 111671. ISSN 0034-4257 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2020.111671 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 26Web of Science - 22


2020Strassburg BBN, Iribarrem A, Beyer HL, Cordeiro CL, Crouzeilles R, et al., 'Global priority areas for ecosystem restoration', Nature, 586, (7831) pp. 724-729. ISSN 0028-0836 (2020) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2784-9 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 206Web of Science - 202


2019Brooks TM, Pimm SL, Akcakaya HR, Buchanan GM, Butchart SHM, et al., 'Measuring terrestrial area of habitat (AOH) and its utility for the IUCN Red List', Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34, (11) pp. 977-986. ISSN 0169-5347 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2019.06.009 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 90Web of Science - 86


2019Di Minin E, Brooks TM, Toivonen T, Butchart SHM, Heikinheimo V, et al., 'Identifying global centers of unsustainable commercial harvesting of species', Science Advances, 5, (4) Article eaau2879. ISSN 2375-2548 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau2879 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 41Web of Science - 39


2019Hausmann A, Toivonen T, Fink C, Heikinheimo V, Tenkanen H, et al., 'Assessing global popularity and threats to important bird and biodiversity areas using social media data', Science of the Total Environment, 683 pp. 617-623. ISSN 0048-9697 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.268 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 24Web of Science - 23


2019Nicholson E, Fulton EA, Brooks TM, Blanchard R, Leadley P, et al., 'Scenarios and models to support global conservation targets', Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34, (1) pp. 57-68. ISSN 0169-5347 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.006 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 46Web of Science - 43

Co-authors: Fulton EA


2019Radeloff VC, Dubinin M, Coops NC, Allen AM, Brooks TM, et al., 'The Dynamic Habitat Indices (DHIs) from MODIS and global biodiversity', Remote Sensing of Environment, 222 pp. 204-214. ISSN 0034-4257 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2018.12.009 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 45Web of Science - 42


2019Rapacciuolo G, Graham CH, Marin J, Behm JE, Costa GC, et al., 'Species diversity as a surrogate for conservation of phylogenetic and functional diversity in terrestrial vertebrates across the Americas', Nature Ecology and Evolution, 3, (1) pp. 53-61. ISSN 2397-334X (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/s41559-018-0744-7 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 26Web of Science - 26


2019Rodrigues ASL, Monsarrat S, Charpentier A, Brooks TM, Hoffmann M, et al., 'Unshifting the baseline: a framework for documenting historical population changes and assessing long-term anthropogenic impacts', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374, (1788) pp. 1-9. ISSN 0962-8436 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0220 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 21Web of Science - 21


2018Akcakaya HR, Bennett EL, Brooks TM, Grace MK, Heath A, et al., 'Quantifying species recovery and conservation success to develop an IUCN Green List of Species', Conservation Biology, 32, (5) pp. 1128-1138. ISSN 0888-8892 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13112 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 88Web of Science - 81


2018Geldmann J, Coad L, Barnes MD, Craigie ID, Woodley S, et al., 'A global analysis of management capacity and ecological outcomes in terrestrial protected areas', Conservation Letters, 11, (3) Article e12434. ISSN 1755-263X (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/conl.12434 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 89Web of Science - 79


2018Holt BG, Costa GC, Penone C, Lessard JP, Brooks TM, et al., 'Environmental variation is a major predictor of global trait turnover in mammals', Journal of Biogeography, 45, (1) pp. 225-237. ISSN 0305-0270 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/jbi.13091 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 9Web of Science - 11


2018Marin J, Rapacciuolo G, Costa GC, Graham CH, Brooks TM, et al., 'Evolutionary time drives global tetrapod diversity', Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285, (1872) Article 20172378. ISSN 0962-8452 (2018) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2378 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 21Web of Science - 20


2017Davidson AD, Shoemaker KT, Weinstein B, Costa GC, Brooks TM, et al., 'Geography of current and future global mammal extinction risk', PLoS ONE, 12, (11) Article e0186934. ISSN 1932-6203 (2017) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186934 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 22Web of Science - 19


2016Barnes MD, Craigie ID, Harrison LB, Geldmann J, Collen B, et al., 'Wildlife population trends in protected areas predicted by national socio-economic metrics and body size', Nature Communications, 7 Article 12747. ISSN 2041-1723 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12747 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 93Web of Science - 86


2016Brooks TM, Akcakaya HR, Burgess ND, Butchart SHM, Hilton-Taylor C, et al., 'Analysing biodiversity and conservation knowledge products to support regional environmental assessments', Scientific Data, 3 Article 160007. ISSN 2052-4463 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2016.7 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 47Web of Science - 46


2016Juffe-Bignoli D, Brooks TM, Butchart SHM, Jenkins RB, Boe K, et al., 'Assessing the cost of global biodiversity and conservation knowledge', PLoS ONE, 11, (8) Article e0160640. ISSN 1932-6203 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160640 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 46Web of Science - 44


2016Visconti P, Bakkenes M, Baisero D, Brooks T, Butchart SHM, et al., 'Projecting global biodiversity indicators under future development scenarios', Conservation Letters, 9, (1) pp. 5-13. ISSN 1755-263X (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/conl.12159 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 131Web of Science - 119


2016Watson JEM, Darling ES, Venter O, Maron M, Walston J, et al., 'Bolder science needed now for protected areas', Conservation Biology, 30, (2) pp. 243-248. ISSN 0888-8892 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12645 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 122Web of Science - 105


2016di Marco M, Brooks T, Cuttelod A, Fishpool LDC, Rondinini C, et al., 'Quantifying the relative irreplaceability of important bird and biodiversity areas', Conservation Biology, 30, (2) pp. 392-402. ISSN 0888-8892 (2016) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12609 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 23Web of Science - 20


2015Butchart SHM, Clarke M, Smith RJ, Sykes RE, Scharlemann JPW, et al., 'Shortfalls and solutions for meeting national and global conservation area targets', Conservation Letters, 8, (5) pp. 329-337. ISSN 1755-263X (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/conl.12158 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 286Web of Science - 254


2014Han X, Smyth RL, Young BE, Brooks TM, Sanchez de Lozada A, et al., 'A biodiversity indicators dashboard: addressing challenges to monitoring progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets using disaggregated global data', PLoS One, 9, (11) Article e112046. ISSN 1932-6203 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112046 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 36Web of Science - 21


2014Rodrigues ASL, Brooks TM, Butchart SHM, Chanson J, Cox N, et al., 'Spatially explicit trends in the global conservation status of vertebrates', PLoS One, 9, (11) Article e113934. ISSN 1932-6203 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113934 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 51Web of Science - 42


2014Venter O, Fuller RA, Segan DB, Carwardine J, Brooks T, et al., 'Targeting global protected area expansion for imperiled biodiversity', PLoS Biology, 12, (6) Article e1001891. ISSN 1545-7885 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001891 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 348Web of Science - 326


2013Le Saout S, Hoffmann M, Shi Y, Hughes A, Bernard C, et al., 'Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation', Science, 342, (6160) pp. 803-805. ISSN 0036-8075 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1126/science.1239268 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 359Web of Science - 328


2013Radeloff VC, Beaudry F, Brooks TM, Butsic V, Dubinin M, et al., 'Hot moments for biodiversity conservation', Conservation Letters, 6, (1) pp. 58-65. ISSN 1755-263X (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00290.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 34Web of Science - 34


2012Butchart SHM, Scharlemann JPW, Evans MI, Quader S, Arico S, et al., 'Protecting important sites for biodiversity contributes to meeting global conservation targets', PLoS ONE, 7, (3) Article e32529. ISSN 1932-6203 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032529 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 180Web of Science - 106


2012Larsen FW, Turner WR, Brooks TM, 'Conserving critical sites for biodiversity provides disproportionate benefits to people', PLoS ONE, 7, (5) Article e36971. ISSN 1932-6203 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036971 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 29Web of Science - 28


2012Polidoro BA, Brooks T, Carpenter KE, Edgar GJ, Henderson S, et al., 'Patterns of extinction risk and threat for marine vertebrates and habitat-forming species in the Tropical Eastern Pacific', Marine Ecology Progress Series, 448 pp. 93-104. ISSN 0171-8630 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3354/meps09545 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 46Web of Science - 44

Co-authors: Edgar GJ


2012Strassburg BBN, Rodrigues ASL, Gusti M, Balmford A, Fritz S, et al., 'Impacts of incentives to reduce emissions from deforestation on global species extinctions', Nature Climate Change, 2, (5) pp. 350-355. ISSN 1758-678X (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1375 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 87Web of Science - 81


2012Turner WR, Brandon K, Brooks TM, Gascon C, Gibbs HK, et al., 'Global biodiversity conservation and the alleviation of poverty', BioScience, 62, (1) pp. 85-92. ISSN 0006-3568 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1525/bio.2012.62.1.13 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 125Web of Science - 108


2012Villegas KL, Ambal RGA, Boyd C, Brooks TM, Coroza O, et al., 'Quantitative landscape management targets for biodiversity conservation: Method development with an example from the Philippines', Asia Life Sciences, 21, (2) pp. 565-583. ISSN 0117-3375 (2012) [Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]


2011Edgar GJ, Brooks TM, 'Testing absolute and percentage thresholds in the identification of key biodiversity areas', Animal Conservation, 14, (1) pp. 12-13. ISSN 1367-9430 (2011) [Contribution to Refereed Journal]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2011.00438.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 4Web of Science - 2

Co-authors: Edgar GJ


2011Rodrigues ASL, Grenyer R, Baillie JEM, Bininda-Emonds ORP, Gittlemann JL, et al., 'Complete, accurate, mammalian phylogenies aid conservation planning, but not much', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 366, (1578) pp. 2652-2660. ISSN 0962-8436 (2011) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0104 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 49Web of Science - 50


2011Rondinini C, Boitani L, Rodrigues ASL, Brooks TM, Pressey RL, et al., 'Reconciling global mammal prioritization schemes into a strategy', Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions. Biological Sciences, 366, (1578) pp. 2722-2728. ISSN 0962-8436 (2011) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0112 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 16Web of Science - 15


2010Hoffmann M, Hilton-Taylor C, Angulo A, Boehm M, Brooks TM, et al., 'The Impact of Conservation on the Status of the World's Vertebrates', Science, 330, (6010) pp. 1503-1509. ISSN 0036-8075 (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1126/science.1194442 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 1010Web of Science - 923


2009Brooks TM, 'A protected areas calling card', Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24, (5) pp. 240-241. ISSN 0169-5347 (2009) [Letter or Note in Journal]

DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2009.01.008 [eCite] [Details]


2009Brooks TM, Wright SJ, Sheil D, 'Evaluating the success of conservation actions in safeguarding tropical forest biodiversity', Conservation Biology, 23, (6) pp. 1448-1457. ISSN 0888-8892 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01334.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 68Web of Science - 68


2009Hanson T, Brooks TM, Fonseca GAB, Hoffmann M, Lamoreux JF, et al., 'Warfare in Biodiversity Hotspots', Conservation Biology, 23, (3) pp. 578-587. ISSN 0888-8892 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01166.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 198Web of Science - 169


2009Mittermeier RA, Gascon C, Brooks TM, 'A Profile of Conservation International', International Journal of Wilderness, 15, (2) pp. 31-34, 48. ISSN 1086-5519 (2009) [Non Refereed Article]

[eCite] [Details]

2008Boyd C, Brooks TM, Butchart SHM, Edgar GJ, da Fonseca GAB, et al., 'Spatial scale and the conservation of threatened species', Conservation Letters, 1, (1) pp. 37-43. ISSN 1755-263X (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00002.x [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Web of Science - 110

Co-authors: Edgar GJ


2008Brooks TM, Collar NJ, Green RE, Marsden SJ, Pain DJ, 'The science of bird conservation', Bird Conservation International, 18, (Supplement) pp. S2-S12. ISSN 0959-2709 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1017/S0959270908000427 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 21Web of Science - 20


2008Edgar GJ, Langhammer PF, Allen G, Brooks TM, Brodie J, et al., 'Key biodiversity areas as globally significant target sites for the conservation of marine biological diversity', Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 18, (6) pp. 969-983. ISSN 1052-7613 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1002/aqc.902 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 64Web of Science - 58

Co-authors: Edgar GJ


2008Hoffmann M, Brooks TM, da Fonseca GA, Hawkins AF, James RE, et al., 'Conservation planning and the IUCN red list', Endangered Species Research, 6, (2) pp. 113-125. ISSN 1863-5407 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.3354/esr00087 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 118


2008Posa MR, Diesmos AC, Sodhi NS, Brooks TM, 'Hope for threatened tropical biodiversity: lessons from the Philippines', Bioscience, 58, (3) pp. 231-240. ISSN 0006-3568 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1641/B580309 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 71Web of Science - 57


2007Rodrigues ASL, Brooks TM, 'Shortcuts for Biodiversity Conservation Planning: The Effectiveness of Surrogates', Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 38, (1) pp. 713-737. ISSN 1543-592X (2007) [Refereed Article]

DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.38.091206.095737 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 392Web of Science - 376



(1 outputs)
2007Langhammer PF, Bakaar MI, Bennun LA, Brooks TM, Clay RP, et al., 'Identification and Gap Analysis of Key Biodiversity Areas: Targets for Comprehensive Protected Area Systems', IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, pp. i-xiv, 1-116. ISBN 978-2-8317-0992-5 (2007) [Authored Other Book]

[eCite] [Details]

Co-authors: Edgar GJ

Chapter in Book

(2 outputs)
2012Turner WR, Brandon K, Brooks TM, Gascon C, Gibbs HK, et al., 'The potential, realised and essential ecosystem service benefits of biodiversity conservation', Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation: Exploring the Evidence for a Link, John Wiley & Sons, D Roe, J Elliot, C Sandbrook, Matt Walpole (ed), West Sussex, UK, pp. 21-35. ISBN 978-0-470-67479-6 (2012) [Research Book Chapter]

DOI: 10.1002/9781118428351.ch2 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 6


2010Brooks TM, 'Conservation Planning and Priorities', Conservation Biology for All, Oxford University Press, Sodhi NS, Ehrlich, PR (ed), Oxford, UK, pp. 199-219. ISBN 978-0-19-955424-9 (2010) [Other Book Chapter]

[eCite] [Details]


(1 outputs)
2017Weatherdon LV, Appeltans W, Bowles-Newark N, Brooks TM, Davis FE, et al., 'Blueprints of effective biodiversity and conservation knowledge products that support marine policy', Frontiers in Marine Science, 4, (APR) pp. 1-16. ISSN 2296-7745 (2017) [Substantial Review]

DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00096 [eCite] [Details]

Citations: Scopus - 8Web of Science - 6