Representations of Antarctica



The following bibliography lists poems in English, or translated into English, dealing substantially with Antarctica. Expeditioners' unpublished poetry is not included.

[    A to E |    F to L |   M to Q |    R to Z ]

A to E

Ackerman, Diane. "The White Lantern: Poems of Antarctica." Jaguar of Sweet Laughter: New and Selected Poems. London: Vintage, 1993. 31–42.

Akroyalis, Potis [Heracles Anomitris]. "South Pole." Trans. Philip Grundy. Greek Voices in Australia: A Tradition of Prose, Poetry and Drama. Ed. G. Kanarakis. Canberra: Australian National UP, 1987. 345.

Alexander, Alan. "Antarctica." Principia Gondwana. South Fremantle: Fremantle Arts Centre, 1992. 65.

Andrews, John Williams. "Antarctica: A Narrative of the Bubble Nothing." Triptych For The Atomic Age. Boston: Branden Press, 1970.
[Part two of Andrews' Triptych.]

Anonymous. "ANARE Base Ballards: Caroline." Aurora 3, February 1982. 43.

Anonymous. "ANARE Base Ballards: Song of the Nella Dan - 1978-79." Aurora 3, February 1982. 43.

Anthony, Jason. Slide of the Antarctic. Albedo Images. Web.
[Originally published in Isotope, Spring 2005. Available online at Albedo Images.]

Bacon, E.A. Some Songs of the South Pole. Washington, D.C.: American Printing, 1960.

Barker, Les. "Spot of the Antarctic". Corgasm. Manchester: Mrs Ackroyd Enterprises, [199-?]. 22–23.

Barnett, Snowden. Last Entry; Being a Romance of Antarctic and Captain R. F. Scott, RN, CVO. London: Oriel, 1982.

Bates, Alexandra. "Can You Hear the Strokes of Titanium White?" Meanjin 69.1 (2010): 226.

Bennet, John. "Facing North." Imago: New Writing 4.2 (1992): 43–44.

---. "Untitled (from Antarctica)." Antipodes 6.1 (June 1992): 50.

---. "Untitled (from Antarctica)". Southerly 52.4 (Dec. 1992): 125-27.
[Note that these are two different poems.]

---. "What Do We Know of Ice Without Tactile Expression?" Southerly 52.4 (1992): 126–27.

Bennet, Mary. Antarctica; a Collection of Verse on the Maiden Voyage of MV 'R.S.A.' Durban: Know, 1962.

Blight, John. "Antarctica." Hart: Poems. Melbourne: Thomas Nelson, 1975. 64.

Boheme, Rose de [Agnes Rose-Soley]. "The Joys of Antarctica." Bulletin 9 May 1912: 36.

Bradfield, Elizabeth. Approaching Ice. New York: Persea Books, 2010.

---. "The First Explorers Thought Eden Lay Beyond Antarctica." Ice-Floe: International Poetry of the Far North 4.1 (2003): 36. 

Brown, James. "Diary Extracts from Scott's Voyage to Discover the West Pole." Go Round Power Please. Wellington: Victoria UP: 1995. 8182.
[Also published in Bill Manhire, ed. The Wide White Page: Writers Imagine Antarctica. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2004. 171-72.]

---. "The Poem that Took the Place of a Mountain." Go Round Power Please. Wellington: Victoria UP: 1995. 8384.

Brown, Kester. Travels to the Ends of the Earth: The Far North and South Depicted in Paintings, Poems, Photographs and Stories. Melbourne: Brolga, 2008.
[This collection holds a number of poems about Antarctica and the Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration.]

Brown, Nigel, Bill Manhire and Chris Orsman. Homelight: An Antarctic Miscellany. Wellington: Pemmican, 1998.
[This collaboration is notable for having been entirely written and published in Antarctica, in January 1998. The PemmicanPress book is a facsimile of the original limited edition of 23 copies.]

[Bulletin's Religious Editor]. "Just Off the Ice." Bulletin 15 Apr. 1909: 13.

Caddy, Caroline. Antarctica. South Fremantle: Fremantle Arts Centre, 1996.
[Caddy's poems "Aphasia," "The Music Makers" and "Sky", included in this collection, were also published in Salt 9 (1996): 34, 35, 3637. The poems "Arrival," "Huskies" and "Ice-bergs" were previously published in A Salt Reader: Salt No. 5–7. Ed. J. Kinsella. Applecross: Folio, 1995. 29, 30, 3132. Caddy was a recipient of an Australian Antarctic Fellowshipin 1992.]

Caesar, Adrian. "Black-Marks: An Antarctic Notebook." Island 105 (2006): 42–49.

Cassidy, R.J. "The Southern Sacrifice." Bulletin 18 Apr. 1912: 5.

Catt, Chris. "The Antarctic Pilot and the Seven Pillars of Wisdom." Overland 88 (1982): 32.

Channon, J.E.G. "South." Bulletin 9 Mar. 1960: 19.
[An extract from a sequence entitled "Mawson to Queensland." The author worked as a doctor at Mawson Station, Antarctica,duringthe International Geophysical Year.]

Close, Alan. "Antarctic Nights." The Bulletin (Literary Supplement) 23 Oct. 1984: 104.

Coleridge, S.T. "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner." Lyrical Ballads. 1798. Ed. R.L. Brett and A.R. Jones. London: Methuen, 1986. 935.
[For more information about this poem and its origins, see entries for John Livingston Lowes and Bernard Smith in the Literary andCultural Criticism bibliography.]

Coles, Katharine. The Earth Is Not Flat. Pasadena, CA: Red Hen, 2013.
[This collection was written from Coles' time at Antarctica as part of the National Science Foundation's Antarctica Artists and Writers Program.]

Colvin, Ian D. "Dirge of the Antarctic." Intercepted Letters. London: Alston Rivers, 1913. 93–6.

Darroch-Lozowski, Vivian. Antarctic Body. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra, 1990.

Day, Sarah. "Antarctic Ships." The Ship. Blackheath NSW: Brandl and Schlesinger, 2004. 41–42.

Debenham, Frank. "The Quiet Land." 1956. The Quiet Land: The Antarctic Diaries of Frank Debenham. Ed. June Debenham Backs. Bluntisham, Huntingdon: Bluntisham Books; Harleston, Norfolk: Erskine, 1992. 10.
Debenham wasa geologist and member of Scott's second expedition. He founded the Scott Polar Research Institute inCambridge, UK.]

---. "The Southern Pole: A Fragment." The Caian: The Magazine of Gonville and Caius College 23.3 (Easter Term, 1914): 18284.

Dilworth, Mary. "Air Disaster, Antarctica." Riding to a Paradise. Milton: Jacaranda, 1993. 76.

Dobson, Rosemary. "The Ship of Ice." The Ship of Ice, with Other Poems. Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1948. 34–49.

F to L

Finkel, Donald. Adequate Earth. New York: Atheneum, 1972.

---. Endurance: An Antarctic Idyll. New York: Atheneum, 1978.

Giovanni, Nikki. "Quilting the Black-Eyed Pea (We're Going to Mars)." Quilting the Black-Eyed Pea: Poems and Not Quite Poems. New York: Harper Collins, 2002. 1–4.

Glover, Denis. "How Does My Good Cousin Silence?" 1963. Ed. Bill Manhire. The Wide White Page: Writers Imagine Antarctica. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2004. 238.

Goodge, W.T. "The Value of Knowledge." Bulletin 22 Apr. 1909: 10.

Gordon, C. Huntly. Scott's Last Expedition. Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1937.

Gould, Alan. "Marine Photographs: Ice (Cromdale, 1892)." Astral Sea: Poems. Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1981. 63.

Grant [pseudonym]. "The Heroic Five and the Icy South." Bournemouth Graphic 14 & 21 Feb 1914. 4.
[Verse form about death of Scott's polar party. Accompanied by a brief account of the expedition, in a pamphlet reprinted from the Bournemouth Graphic. Copy held in Scott Polar Research Institute library.]

Grant, Alan. "When You Went South ...". Aurora (ANARE Club Journal) 22.2 (2002): 31.

Hall, Bernadette. "Fissure." Island 105 (2006): 50–52.

---. The Ponies. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2007.
[Collection of poetry developed from Hall's 2004 visit to Antarctica as part of the New Zealand Artists and Writers to Antarctica program.]

---. "The White Boudoir." Island 105 (2006): 53.

"H.M.G." "To Sir Ernest H. Shackleton." Lippincott's Monthly Magazine 85 (1910): 627.

Harris, Robert. "Antarctica (in memory of Stephen Murray-Smith)." Overland 126 (1992): 60.
[Also published in Harris, Robert. Jane, Interlinear and Other Poems. Sydney: Paper Bark, 1992. 102-04.]

Harrison, Keith E. "Songs from the Drifting House: Antarctica." A Burning of Applewood: New and Selected Poems. Northfield: Black Willow, 1988. 68.

Harry, J.S. "Peter Henry Lepus: Antarctica?" Phoenix Review 7-8 (Winter 1992): 13–15.

Hart, Henry. "Byrd in Antarctica." The Southern Review 28.1 (1992): n. pag.

Hart, Kevin. "The South Pole." Island Magazine 11 (1982): 41.

Holloway, Geoffrey Mitchell. Cold as Ice. Hobart: Piglet Publications, 1978.

---. "South Georgia I" and "South Georgia II." Poems. Hobart: Piglet, 1977: 18, 19.
[Two poems.]

Hussey, Leonard. "When." In "The Elephant Island Topical Songs." James Caird Society Journal 2 (Nov. 2004): 53–54.
[Hussey was a member of Shackleton's Endurance Expedition.]

Iford [Charles Wiltens Andree Hayward]. "Vitamin C." Bulletin 7 July 1937: 15.

James, R.W. "Our Home on Elephant Isle." In "The Elephant Island Topical Songs." James Caird Society Journal 2 (2004): 54–55.
[James was a member of Shackleton's Endurance Expedition.]

J.G.B. [prob. John George Bartholomew]. "Antarctica." Scotsman 10 December 1898: page unknown. See a reproduction of the poem in: Mawer, G.A. "Baptism of Ice: J. G. Bartholomew and the Naming of Antarctica." Polar Record 44.2 (2008): 180–83.

Kelly, John. Due South: An Antarctic Journal. Oxford: Signal Books, 2004.
[Contains poetry written by Kelly while he was at Signey, South Orkneys as part of the BAS Artists & Writers Program in 2003.]

Ladd, Mike. "Mawson at Cape Denison." A Crack in the Crib. Unley: Friendly Street Poets, 1984. 75.

Lapis Linguae [Eric Marshall]. "Southward Bound." Aurora Australis: The British Antarctic Expedition 1907-1909. Ed. E.H. Shackleton. Cape Royds, private publication, 1908. N. pag.

Lawrence, Anthony. "Aurora Australis." Island 100 (2005): 117.
[Also published in Lawrence, Anthony. The Sleep of a Learning Man. Sydney: Giramondo, 2003.]

Limp Collar [pseudonym]. "A Hot Weather Outburst." Bulletin 8 Jan. 1914: 11.

Lysaght, S.R. "Far South." Poems (comprising Poems of the Unknown Way and Horizons and Landmarks). London: Macmillan, 1928: 18–19

M to Q

McBryde, Ian. "Leaving Antarctica." The Familiar. Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1994. 62.

McDonald, Roger. "Antarctica: Five Poems." Poetry Australia 62 (1977). 4–11.

McKenzie, Edward A. Notes from My Diary, or, My Voyage to the Antarctic. Minneapolis, MN: Associates of the James Ford Bell Library, 1982.

McNeil, Jean. Night Orders: Poems from Antarctica and the Arctic. Sheffield: Smith/Doorstop Books, 2011.

Mahon, Derek. "Antarctica." Collected Poems. 1985. Loughcrew: Gallery, 1999. 33.

Manhire, Bill. "Antarctic Field Notes." Collected Poems. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2001. 251–83.
[Features "Hoosh", first published by Anxious Husky Press in 1995 and then collected in My Sunshine (Wellington: Victoria UP1996). Also features poems first published in What To Call Your Child (Auckland: Godwit, 1999) and Homelight, a collaboration with Nigel Brown and Chris Orsman entirely written and published in Antarctica in 1998. Homelight was republished by PemmicanPress in 1998. See also Island 105 (Winter 2006) for Manhire's poems "Visiting Mr Shackleton" and "Antarctic Stone".]

---. "Dogs." Lifted. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2005. 36–39.

---. "Erebus Voices." Lifted. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2005. 40–41.

Manhire, Bill, and Chris Orson, Nigel Brown, and Margaret Mahy. Southern Convergence: Antarctic Art. Wellington: Pemmican Press, 2000.
[Collected poems, accompanied by art and prose, resulting from visits to Antarctica as part of Antarctica New Zealand's 'Artists to Antarctica' program.]

Mawson, Douglas. "The Silence Calling." Canberra Times 7 June 1977: C5.
[This poem is also reproduced on p. ii of Bowden, Tim. The Silence Calling: Australians in Antarctica, 1947–97. St Leonards:Allen & Unwin, 1997. Mawson's valediction, "Apologies to Service," concedes that the poem has been almost entirely copied from Robert W. Service's "L'Envoi," published in Ballads of a Cheechako, 1909.]

Maxwell, Glynn. "Edward Wilson." Times Literary Supplement, 13 Mar. 1998: 15.
[Also published in The Wide White Page: Writers Imagine Antarctica. Ed. Bill Manhire. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2004. 145.]

Michaels, A. "Ice House." Skin Divers. London: Bloomsbury, 1999. N. pag.
[Also published in The Wide White Page: Writers Imagine Antarctica. Ed. Bill Manhire. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2004. 167-70.]

Morgan, Robin. "The Heart Balloon." Upstairs in the Garden: Poems Selected and New, 1968-1988. New York, London: W. W. Norton, 1990. 176–78.

Moss, Chas. "A Poem. Commander Scott, R.N. at the South Pole." Retford, Gainsborough, and Worksop Times 1913: 8.
[An excerpt is also published in The Wide White Page: Writers Imagine Antarctica. Ed. Bill Manhire. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2004. 310.]

Mueller, Melinda. What the Ice Gets: Shackleton's Antarctic Expedition 1914-1916 (A Poem). Seattle: Van West, 2000.
[Collection of Antarctic themed poetry.]

Murray, Les A. "Antarctica." Dog Fox Field: Poems. Sydney: Collins/Angus & Robertson, 1990. 83.

Nemo [Ernest H. Shackleton]. "Erebus." Aurora Australis: The British Antarctic Expedition 1907-1909. Ed. E.H. Shackleton. Cape Royds, private publication, 1908. N. pag.

---. "To the Great Ice Barrier." South Polar Times 1.5 (Aug. 1902). 41.

Neruda, Pablo. "Antarctic Stones." Las Piedras de Chile. 1961
[English translation available in The Wide White Page: Writers Imagine Antarctica. Ed. Bill Manhire. Trans. Patricia Sarr, Keith Johnston, and Bill Manhire. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2004. 297.]

Noffs, Ted. "Antarctic Tragedy." Cries. Hazelbrook, NSW: Compass Mountain, 1977. 27–31.

Orsman, Chris B. The Lakes of Mars. Auckland: Auckland UP, 2008.
Features "Primer of Ice and Stone."]

---. Primer of Ice and Stone. Wellington: Pemmican, 2002.

----. Black South. Wellington: Pemmican, 1997.

---. The Ice Explorer. Wellington: Pemmican, 2001.

---. South: An Antarctic Journey. Wellington: Victoria UP, 1996.

Palmer, James Croxall. Antarctic Mariner's Song. New York: Van Nostrand, 1868.
[Originally published as Thulia, A Tale of the Antarctic. New York: Samuel Colman, 1843. This poem is based on the adventures of schooner Flying Fish under the author's command during Charles Wilkes' United States Exploring Expedition of 1838-40. See: Lenz, William. The Poetics of the Antarctic in Literary and Cultural Criticism.]

Paradissis, A.G. "Austral Dawn." Mattoid 52-53 (1998): 207.

Pollitt, K. "To an Antarctic Traveller." Antarctic Traveller. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982. 58–60.

Porter, Dorothy. "Auroral Corona with Two Figures." Instructions for Honey Ants. Ed. P. Kavanagh. Newcastle: U of Newcastle, 1983. 90–105.
[Also published in Porter, Dorothy. The Night Parrot. Wentworth Falls, NSW: Black Lightning, 1984. 60-77.]

---. "Oates' Diary." Driving Too Fast. St. Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1989. 14.

---. "Wilson's Diary." Overland 88 (July 1982): 29.
[Also published in Porter, Dorothy. Driving Too Fast. St. Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1989. 15.]

Pritchard, Bindy. "A Year in Antarctica." Poetrix 11 (1998): 2–3.

The Prophet [pseudonym]. "The Yellow Lure." Bulletin 8 Apr. 1915: 26.

R to Z

Raymond, Vicki. "With Captain Oates in Antarctica." Selected Poems. Manchester: Carcanet, 1993. 12-13.

Richardson, Duncan. "Robert Falcon Scott." Four W 5 (1994): 16.

---. "Still Waiting for Greenhouse." Four W 5 (1994): 16.

Rowland, John Russell. "Antarctica." Granite Country: Poems. Deakin, ACT: Brindabella, 1994. 49.

Simpson, R.A. "Actions: 2: Antarctica." Diver. St. Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1972. 43.

Sirens, Patti. "Antarctica." Antarctica. Oakland, CA: Burning Bush Publications, 2000. 65.

Smithyson, Kendrick. "Aircrash in Antarctica." Private Bestiary: Selected Unpublished Poems, 1944-1993. Ed. Scott Hamilton. Auckland: Titus Books, 2010. 

Stewart, Douglas. "The Word." Bulletin 13 Dec. 1939: 2.
[An extract from The Fire on the Snow, a radio play in verse form first broadcast in 1941.]

---. "Worsley Enchanted." Bulletin 24 Mar. 1948: 6; 31 Mar. 1948: 6.
[Also published in Sun Orchids and Other Poems. Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1952; Voyager Poems. Brisbane: Jacaranda,1960; and Collected Poems 1936-1967. Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1967.]

Swan, R.A. "The Last Land." Melbourne: Bread and Cheese Club, 1946. 38–39.
[A slightly different version of this poem was published in The Melbourne Graduate 6.1 (1955): 6; and as the prologue to Swan, R.A. Australia in the Antarctic: Interest, Activity, and Endeavour. Parkville: Melbourne UP, 1961.]

Veritas [Ernest H. Shackleton]. "Midwinter Night." Aurora Australis: The British Antarctic Expedition 1907-1909. Ed. E.H. Shackleton. Cape Royds, private publication, 1908. N. pag.

Wainwright, J.A. Flight of the Falcon: Scott's Journey to the South Pole 1910-1912. Oakville, Ontario: Moasic, 1986.

Wheat, Chris. "Antarctica (for Garry Newman 1966-1995)." Meanjin 55.1 (1996): 132–37.

Wheatley, David. "The Antarctic Poetry School." London Review of Books 30. 9 (2008): 30.

Wilson, Edward. "The Barrier Silence." South Polar Times 3: 151.
[Also published in The Wide White Page: Writers Imagine Antarctica. Ed. Bill Manhire. Wellington: Victoria UP, 2004. 132.]

Wilson, Michael. "In Memory of Erebus." Muse (Arts Council of Australia, A.C.T. Division) 83 (1989): 15.

Winter Quarters [pseudonym]. "In the Only Home of Peace." Bulletin 8 June 1916: 14.