Held on the 6th Aug 2019
at 6pm to
Are there any correct moral answers?
Let’s start a careful analysis from the end of the sentence above…
- The sentence is a question. So, it is looking for an answer.
- The search for answers implies moral questions.
- What might those questions be?
- What is morality?
- What would it be for the answer to a moral question to be correct?
- What makes answers to questions correct in general?
- This is referring to the ‘existence’ of such answers.
- What does ‘existence’ mean in this context?
And finally, how would one know when one has correctly answered the question:
- How does one know when one has answered any question correctly?
- Some more things to think about…
Different assumptions about the possibility of knowledge of morality lead to…
- Moral Naturalism: moral claims can be understood with reference to empirical facts
- Moral Rationalism: moral claims can be understood without reference to empirical facts
- Moral Non-cognitivism: moral claims are not the type of claims that are true (or false)
Different assumptions about the metaphysical status of morality lead to…
- Moral Realism: affirms the real existence of ethical properties.
- Moral Subjectivism: denies the real existence of ethical properties.
- Reference: Metaethical positions taken from the ‘ethics’ entry in The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy.