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Indigenous cultural and intellectual property

Refers to all aspects (both tangible and intangible) of Indigenous peoples’ cultural heritage, the nature and use of which has been transmitted or continues to be transmitted from generation to generation of indigenous people with a region. ICIP may be individually or collectively owned. The scope of ICIP is constantly evolving, may be created in the future based on indigenous culture, and belongs to a living heritage that includes:

a) literary, performing and artistic works (including songs, music, dances, stories, ceremonies, design, symbols, languages and designs)

b) cultural objects (including, but not limited to, arts, crafts, ceramics, jewellery, weapons, tools, visual arts, photographs, textiles and contemporary art practices)

c) traditional and cultural knowledge (including ritual knowledge, literature and language)

d) scientific, agricultural, technical and ecological knowledge (including cultigens, medicines and the phenotypes of flora and fauna)

e) all items of movable cultural property

f) human remains and tissues

g) immovable cultural property (including the secret and sacred, cultural and historically significant sites and burial places)

h) architectural form; and documentation of indigenous peoples’ heritage in literature, archives, film, photographs, videotape or audiotape and all forms of media.